Navigation Links
Studying bed bug actions for new management tactics
Date:2/11/2013

This press release is available in Spanish.

Learning more about the behavior of bed bugs is one approach being used by U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) scientists to identify compounds to help control these pests.

The resurgence of bed bugs over the last decade has caused problems in major U.S. cities where they infest homes, apartments, hotels, shelters and even places of work. The small, blood-feeding insects are not known to transmit diseases, but they can cause severe reactions in people who are allergic to them. Bed bugs usually go unnoticed until their numbers increase significantly, and getting rid of them can be costly.

Entomologist Mark Feldlaufer and chemist Kamlesh Chauhan at the Agricultural Research Service (ARS) Henry A. Wallace Beltsville Agricultural Research Center (BARC) in Beltsville, Md., have identified two new alarm pheromones4-oxo-hexenal and 4-oxo-octenalin immature bed bugs. The releasing of alarm pheromones, which are defensive compounds, causes aggregated bed bugs to scatter.

Scientists collected cast skins that retain chemicals from the bed bug's scent glands and then used gas chromatography and mass spectrometry technology to analyze and identify compounds. Swedish researchers subsequently identified the same compounds from a related species, the tropical bed bug, demonstrating that the compounds are biologically active.

This indicates that alarm pheromones may have implications in bed bug management, according to Feldlaufer, who works at BARC's Invasive Insect Biocontrol and Behavior Laboratory. By causing insects to disperse, the likelihood of bed bugs coming into contact with a control agent increases.

ARS and University of Nevada-Reno scientists also identified 17 compounds in the bed bug's outer protective layer of skin, a discovery they believe may play an important role in bed bug aggregation behavior.


'/>"/>

Contact: Sandra Avant
Sandra.avant@ars.usda.gov
301-504-1627
United States Department of Agriculture - Research, Education and Economics
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Genetic research develops tools for studying diseases, improving regenerative treatment
2. Studying sex differences in autism focus of $15 million NIH award to Yale center
3. U of M to lead international virtual institute studying climatic and human effects on Earth
4. Bioengineer studying how to send drugs to lungs through nanotechnology
5. Scientists study the catalytic reactions used by plants to split oxygen from water
6. Drug interactions wont exclude HCV transplant or HIV co-infected patients from treatment
7. La Jolla Institute discovery could lead to new way to screen drugs for adverse reactions
8. How bacteria change movement direction in response to oxygen: Molecular interactions unravelled
9. Researchers describe new molecular interactions behind the inhibition of TGF beta-signaling
10. Einstein researcher receives $10.8 million grant to study toxic blood reactions caused by hemoglobin
11. Rice uses light to remotely trigger biochemical reactions
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/4/2016)... 4, 2016 The field of Human ... the most popular hubs of the biotechnology industry. ... huge studies of human microbiota, have garnered a ... the microbiome space has literally exploded in terms ... This report focuses on biomedical aspects of research, ...
(Date:2/3/2016)... http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/d8zjcd/emotion_detection ) ... "Emotion Detection and Recognition Market by Technology ... Tools (Facial Expression, Voice Recognition and Others), ... Global forecast to 2020" report to ... ) has announced the addition of the ...
(Date:2/2/2016)... 2, 2016 Technology Enhancements Accelerate Growth of X-ray ... the digital and computed radiography markets in ... Indonesia (TIM). It provides an ... as well as regional market drivers and restraints. The ... penetration and market attractiveness, both for digital and computed ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/9/2016)... ... 09, 2016 , ... With a presidential election in November and the future ... bring together over 500 top healthcare leaders for a night and day of debates ... by MBA students of the University of Pennsylvania’s Wharton School, will be held February ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Tunnell Consulting, Inc. announced that Frédéric Lefebvre has joined the ... acquiring new accounts and work closely with existing Tunnell clients throughout Europe to ensure ... European clients more than 15 years of experience in the pharmaceutical industry, a thorough ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... NEW YORK , Feb. 9, 2016 ... market analyzes the current and future prospects of the ... of this report include companies engaged in the manufacture ... comprises an executive summary with a market snapshot providing ... the scope of this report. This section also provides ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... - BIOREM Inc. (TSXV: BRM) ("Biorem" or "the Company") today ... technology companies in the TSX Venture 50 TM . ... the TSX Venture Exchange, in each of five major industry ... & life sciences, diversified industries and technology – based on ... investment, market cap growth, trading volume and analyst coverage. All ...
Breaking Biology Technology: