Navigation Links
Study suggests disruptive effects of anesthesia on brain cell connections are temporary
Date:7/28/2014

eneral anesthesia, we hypothesized that there could be other cellular mechanisms that disrupt neural circuits without inducing cell death per se."

One such mechanism, she added, is known as "synaptotoxicity." In this mechanism of neural-circuit disruption, the "synapses," or junctions between neurons, become weakened or shrink away due to some factor that injures the neurons locally along their axons (the long processes of neurons that transmit signals) and dendrites (the threadlike extensions of neurons that receive nerve signals) without inducing the neurons themselves to die.

In the experiments at UC San Diego headed by Jimcy Platholi, a postdoctoral researcher in Halpain's lab who is now at Weill Cornell, the scientists used neurons from embryonic rats taken from the hippocampus, a part of the mammalian forebrain essential for encoding newly acquired memories and ensuring that short-term memories are converted into long-term memories. The researchers cultured these brain cells in a laboratory dish for three weeks, allowing the neurons time to mature and to develop a dense network of synaptic connections and "dendritic spines"specialized structures that protrude from the dendrites and are essential mediators of activity throughout neural networks.

"Evidence from animal studies indicates that new dendritic spines emerge and existing spines expand in size during learning and memory," explained Halpain. "Therefore, the overall numbers and size of dendritic spines can profoundly impact the strength of neural networks. Since neural network activity underlies all brain function, changes in dendritic spine number and shape can influence cognition and behavior."

Using neurons in culture, rather than intact animal brains, allowed the biologists to take images of the synapses at high spatial resolution using techniques called fluorescence light microscopy and confocal imaging. They also used time-lapse microscopy to observe structural ch
'/>"/>

Contact: Kim McDonald
kmcdonald@ucsd.edu
858-534-7572
University of California - San Diego
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Study finds Europes habitat and wildlife is vulnerable to climate change
2. Dinosaurs fell victim to perfect storm of events, study shows
3. Study: Climate change and air pollution will combine to curb food supplies
4. First national study finds trees saving lives, reducing respiratory problems
5. New study draws links between wildlife loss and social conflicts
6. Zerenex™ (ferric citrate) long-term Phase 3 study results published in JASN
7. Study indicates large raptors in Africa used for bushmeat
8. Stanford study shows how to power California with wind, water and sun
9. Study gives new perspective on agricultural plastic, debris burning, and air quality
10. Rutgers study explores attitudes, preferences toward post-Sandy rebuilding
11. Studying impacts of indoor air pollution on tribal communities
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/19/2014)... , Dec. 18, 2014  23andMe, Inc., the ... a study that pinpoints fine-scale differences in genetic ancestry ... . Since immigrants first arrived more ... States has served as a meeting place ... American history and the ongoing mixing of peoples with ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... Va. , Dec. 15, 2014 ... to make it easier to detect and prevent ... Today the agency started performing an ... capability will validate the authenticity of purchased microcircuits ... The new quality control measures will be conducted ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... , Dec. 16, 2014 Research and Markets ... addition of the "Global Chemical Sensor Market ... http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20130307/600769 One ... increasing demand for medical sensors in biomedical applications. ... for quick and correct diagnosis during surgical procedures. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):23andMe Study Sketches Genetic Portrait of the United States 223andMe Study Sketches Genetic Portrait of the United States 323andMe Study Sketches Genetic Portrait of the United States 4Defense Logistics Agency Launches DNA Marking Capability to Strengthen Microcircuit Supply Chain 2Defense Logistics Agency Launches DNA Marking Capability to Strengthen Microcircuit Supply Chain 3Global Chemical Sensor Market 2015-2019: Key Vendors are Abbott Laboratories, Bayer, Hoffmann La-Roche, Johnson & Johnson, NGK Spark Plugs and Robert Bosch 2
... -- Look out, Indiana Jones. Dan Shain ... to frozen glaciers and the steamy Amazon planned, all ... cinematic icon, Shain, an associate professor of biology at ... returns home with treasure. He,s mined for ice ...
... Western Reserve University have developed a technique that has ... within hours, as opposed to the two days it ... mice, drug delivery time from injection to the cancer ... Using this as a model for potential human use, ...
... is a significant challenge for researchers. That challenge is prompting ... that data and to make it readily available. The ... Disease has created a new collaboration tool, WikiPathways to focus ... "Biological pathways connect genes and proteins in systems that ...
Cached Biology News:Rutgers biologist to study worms in Amazon, glaciers 2Cancer drug delivery research at Case Western Reserve University cuts time from days to hours 2Cancer drug delivery research at Case Western Reserve University cuts time from days to hours 3Gladstone scientists create Wikipathways to foster research collaboration 2
(Date:12/19/2014)... (PRWEB) December 18, 2014 iLab Solutions, ... the appointment of Siri Bryant as the new Director ... Director of Core Implementations. These two new leadership positions ... customer service by ensuring that iLab continues to meet ... the last four years, iLab has been deployed at ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... The empty capsules market is experiencing ... and technological innovations in the empty capsules market. ... the growth of the empty capsules market. , ... Scope of Report , The report will enrich ... firms to gauge the pulse of the market ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... 2014  Decision Resources Group finds that the ... grow moderately through 2023 as the aging population, increasing ... dental biomaterials all spur procedure volumes. Growth will be ... China and India , ... reach for a larger proportion of the population. ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... 2014   ISN has released its third ... publication series. With data aggregated from over ... 2013 within its online contractor management platform, ISNetworld, this ... indicator (KPI) statistics. The ... publication is available in two industry specific volumes: ...
Breaking Biology Technology:iLab Solutions Announces Two New Leadership Positions to Meet the Needs of Its Growing Customer Base 2Empty Capsules Market Hit to Reach $1,820 Million by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 2Empty Capsules Market Hit to Reach $1,820 Million by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 3Empty Capsules Market Hit to Reach $1,820 Million by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 4Asia Pacific Dental Biomaterial Market Will Grow Strongly Through 2023 2Asia Pacific Dental Biomaterial Market Will Grow Strongly Through 2023 3ISN Releases Third Edition of US Contractor Health & Safety Performance Indicators Publication Series 2ISN Releases Third Edition of US Contractor Health & Safety Performance Indicators Publication Series 3
... FT. LAUDERDALE, Fla., July 30 OmniComm Systems, Inc. ... capture (EDC) solutions for clinical trials announced today that a ... provide eClinical solutions in connection with two of the CRO,s ... 700 subjects. Additional details were not disclosed. Phase IV studies ...
... , RALEIGH, N.C. , July 30 SmartGene, ... of genetic data, today announced that it has entered into an ... technology and integrated Web-based services to support more rapid and precise ... , Some bacteria and fungi do not grow quickly ...
... 30 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ - Medicago Inc. (TSX-V: MDG) a biotechnology ... based on proprietary manufacturing technologies and Virus-Like Particles (VLPs), ... with its vaccine candidate for the Influenza A (H1N1) ... a single dose of 5 micrograms induced a positive ...
Cached Biology Technology:Growing Midwestern Clinical Research Organization Selects OmniComm Systems to Provide eClinical Solutions for Phase IV Studies 2SmartGene's Services for Faster, More Precise Identification of Bacteria and Fungi to be Used by The Johns Hopkins Hospital 2Medicago's H1N1 pandemic vaccine candidate shows positive response in 100% of vaccinated animals after a single dose 2Medicago's H1N1 pandemic vaccine candidate shows positive response in 100% of vaccinated animals after a single dose 3
... This antibody is generated from rabbits immunized ... within aa 50~150 of human PLAU. Purified ... 0.09% (W/V) sodium azide. This antibody is ... eluted out with both high and low ...
... is a compact, lightweight, high current power supply ... 2500 milliamps. It is an excellent choice for ... It is also ideal for all types of ... set to automatically end a run and wil ...
... For use in Refrigerated Vapor Trap ... Vacuum Source (UVS) Models UVS400, UVS400A and ... polymer suitable for use for temperatures ranging ... has excellent thermal stability and does not ...
... proteomics demands the detection of very small ... the AXIMA-CFRplus with improved resolution (20,000) and ... increased confidence in protein identification. The AXIMA-CFRplus ... automated sample target handling and the ability ...
Biology Products: