The study is the second major publication resulting from JDRF's groundbreaking CGM trials, established to clinically document the benefits of CGM devices in helping people with type 1 diabetes manage their disease more effectively. In results published last fall in The New England Journal of Medicine, the JDRF Continuous Glucose Monitoring Study Group reported that CGM substantially improved blood sugar levels without increasing the frequency of hypoglycemia in adults over 25 years of age in a randomized trial of 322 adults and children with type 1 diabetes and HbA1c levels above 7 percent. (Like virtually every other study of a new drug or device in the treatment of type 1 diabetes, because lowering of HbA1c was the primary outcome of interest, that study excluded individuals already reaching target HbA1c levels lower than 7 percent. As a result, the study group also conducted a separate, concurrent randomized trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of CGM in adults and children with type 1 diabetes who already had successfully achieved HbA1c levels less than 7 percent with intensive insulin therapy.) More information on the initial results of JDRF's CGM trials and on the Artificial Pancreas Project is available online at http://www.artificialpancreas.org.
Dr. Kowalski noted that over the past 15 years, the use of rapid and long-acting insulin analogs, improvements in insulin pumps, and more frequent home blood glucose monitoring have had a positive impact on the ability of people with type 1 diabetes to achieve blood sugar control targets. However, the rates of severe hypoglycemia remain too high and the occurrence of such events is often followed by a decline in glycemic control due to fears of further hypoglycemic episodes. Hypoglycemia remains the major limiting factor for people with type 1 diabetes i
|Contact: Jillian Lubarsky|
Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation International