Navigation Links
Study sheds new light on importance of human breast milk ingredient
Date:5/14/2012

URBANA A new University of Illinois study shows that human milk oligosaccharides, or HMO, produce short-chain fatty acids that feed a beneficial microbial population in the infant gut. Not only that, the bacterial composition adjusts as the baby grows older and its needs change.

Even though HMO are a major component of human milk, present in higher concentration than protein, many of their actions in the infant are not well understood. Furthermore, they're virtually absent from infant formula. The scientists wanted to find out what formula-fed babies were missing.

"We refer to HMO as the fiber of human milk because we don't have the enzymes to break down these compounds. They pass into the large intestine where the bacteria digest them.

"We're curious about the role they play in the development of the breast-fed infant's gut bacteria because the bacteria found in the guts of formula-fed infants is different," said Sharon Donovan, the U of I's Melissa M. Noel Endowed Professor in Nutrition and Health.

With this study, Donovan is gaining insight into the mystery. For the first time, scientists have shown that a complex mixture of HMO and a single HMO component produce patterns of short-chain fatty acids that change as the infant gets older.

A healthy microbiome has both short- and long-term effects on an infant's health. In the short term, beneficial bacteria protect the infant from infection by harmful bacteria. In the long term, beneficial bacteria strengthen the immune system so that it can fend off chronic health problems like food allergies and asthma, she said.

In the study, breast milk was obtained from mothers of preterm infants at Chicago's Rush University Medical Center, and the HMO were isolated and analyzed. The scientists tested bacteria from 9- and 17-day-old sow-reared and formula-fed piglets. Because piglets grow so rapidly, these ages reflect approximately three- and six-month-old human i
'/>"/>

Contact: Phyllis Picklesimer
p-pickle@illinois.edu
217-244-2827
University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Wasted milk is a real drain on our resources, study shows
2. New study discovers powerful function of single protein that controls neurotransmission
3. Plastic trash altering ocean habitats, Scripps study shows
4. Study raises questions about use of anti-epilepsy drugs in newborns
5. First satellite tag study for manta rays reveals habits and hidden journeys of ocean giants
6. Successful stem cell differentiation requires DNA compaction, study finds
7. UGA study finds theres not always safety in numbers when it comes to extinction risk
8. New study published on fertility awareness among American university students
9. Study: Men who do load-bearing exercise in early 20s may be shielded from osteoporosis
10. Radiologists study necessity of additional imaging recommendations in PET/CT oncologic reports
11. Plant diversity is key to maintaining productive vegetation, U of M study shows
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/3/2014)... Ariz. , Dec. 2, 2014 As ... hand readers, Inception Technologies is pleased to announce the ... easier for customers to collect the workforce data that ... problems that have been left by existing readers. Many ... user interface, connectivity and modern technology. Older models force ...
(Date:11/21/2014)... Nov. 20, 2014 Strict laws against distracted ... piloting the North American and European automotive sector towards ... gesture recognition systems that are intuitive and able to ... the industry. New analysis from Frost ... Market in Europe and ...
(Date:11/18/2014)... 2014  The Secure Identity & Biometrics Association ... announce the formation of The Airport Entry and ... Identity and Biometric Entry and Exit Solutions Framework ... support from BORDERPOL, the international non-profit organization that ... expertise regarding border security, traveler and migration systems. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Inception Technologies to Release New Biometric Reader 2Gesture Recognition Intensifies with the Rise of In-car Smartphone Integration, Says Frost & Sullivan 2Gesture Recognition Intensifies with the Rise of In-car Smartphone Integration, Says Frost & Sullivan 3Gesture Recognition Intensifies with the Rise of In-car Smartphone Integration, Says Frost & Sullivan 4Identity Management, Document Authentication and Biometric Companies Form "The Airport Entry and Exit Working Group", Releasing the Framework to Help Guide the Department of Homeland Security and Congress Towards Solutions 2Identity Management, Document Authentication and Biometric Companies Form "The Airport Entry and Exit Working Group", Releasing the Framework to Help Guide the Department of Homeland Security and Congress Towards Solutions 3
... fluxes in carbon sequestration, and other forest ecosystem functions. ... collected woody plant traits. Yet, the traditional method to ... have developed a new, resourceful way to take repeated ... are metal straps that wrap around a tree trunk ...
... Research Careers) Program has announced the travel award recipients ... at the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole, MA ... students, postdocs and new assistant professors who aspire to ... application. This year MARC conferred 15 awards totaling $15,000. ...
... Michigan researchers and their University of Hawaii colleagues say ... into open-ocean fish, and their findings suggest that levels ... rise in coming decades. Using isotopic measurement techniques ... 80 percent of the toxic form of mercury, called ...
Cached Biology News:New technique for measuring tree growth cuts down on research time 2New technique for measuring tree growth cuts down on research time 3Mercury levels in Pacific fish likely to rise in coming decades 2Mercury levels in Pacific fish likely to rise in coming decades 3Mercury levels in Pacific fish likely to rise in coming decades 4
(Date:12/24/2014)... Md. , Dec. 24, 2014  United ... today that Medtronic, Inc. (NYSE: MDT ... the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for ... implantable drug infusion system (including a newly developed ... (treprostinil) Injection delivered intravenously to patients with ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... 2014   BioLife Solutions , Inc. (NASDAQ: ... of proprietary clinical grade hypothermic storage and ... shipping products for cells and tissues  ("BioLife" or ... 2015 Annual Meeting of Stockholders on May 4, 2015 ... for the Annual Meeting represents a change of more ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... MA (PRWEB) December 23, 2014 Earlier ... Dr. James L. Sherley, director of the Adult Stem ... on an often overlooked and under appreciated unique property ... Self-Renewal by Distributed Stem Cells: Misunderstood in the Past, ... message to congress participants. He gave the address ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... According to Ross Selinger, President of Selinger ... the national office market continues to be strong, driven by ... by the third quarter’s surprising 3.9% GDP, unemployment decreasing to ... have held inflation down and the Fed is keeping interest ... remaining soft. , This solid economic news is having a ...
Breaking Biology Technology:United Therapeutics Announces Submission Of Pre-Market Approval Application For Implantable Drug Infusion System To Deliver Remodulin 2United Therapeutics Announces Submission Of Pre-Market Approval Application For Implantable Drug Infusion System To Deliver Remodulin 3United Therapeutics Announces Submission Of Pre-Market Approval Application For Implantable Drug Infusion System To Deliver Remodulin 4BioLife Solutions Sets Date for Annual Meeting of Stockholders 2Adult Stem Cell Technology Center, LLC’s Director Sherley's Address on What’s Holding Back Regenerative Medicine Featured on Omics Group Website 2Adult Stem Cell Technology Center, LLC’s Director Sherley's Address on What’s Holding Back Regenerative Medicine Featured on Omics Group Website 3Adult Stem Cell Technology Center, LLC’s Director Sherley's Address on What’s Holding Back Regenerative Medicine Featured on Omics Group Website 4ITRA Global Reports Long Island Is Out of Sync With The National Office Market 2ITRA Global Reports Long Island Is Out of Sync With The National Office Market 3
... Pearl Therapeutics was named by FierceBiotech today as one ... of the most promising private biotechnology companies in the industry. ... "Pearl,s veteran team has done a super job of raising ... an inhaled LAMA/LABA combination therapy – toward the market," says ...
... 6, 2011 The anonymity of egg donors is a ... but a spot survey of some donors suggests its removal ... In a survey of its egg donor base ... and gestational surrogacy recruitment firm, over 90 percent of respondents ...
... Calif., Sept. 6, 2011 /PRNewswire-Asia/ -- The Journal of ... 30 patients with Hereditary Ataxia showed statistically significant improvements ... with a combination of cord blood-derived stem cell treatments ... conducted at the Nanshan Affiliated Hospital of Guangdong Medical ...
Cached Biology Technology:FierceBiotech Names Pearl Therapeutics a 2011 Fierce 15 Biotech 2FierceBiotech Names Pearl Therapeutics a 2011 Fierce 15 Biotech 3Egg Donor Anonymity Not Critical, Spot Survey by Agency Suggests 2New Study Finds Cord Blood-derived Stem Cell Treatments Improve Ataxia Patients' Functionality and Quality of Life 2
Human IL-29/IFN-lambda 1 Biotinylated Affinity Purified PAb...
Anti-Potassium Channel EAG-1 Immunogen: Synthetic peptide from the C-terminus of rat Kv10.1 (Accession Q63472). The immunogen sequence is identical in mouse and 14/16 residues identical in human...
WIF-1 (N-20)...
VEGF Receptor-2, phospho-specific (Tyr996)...
Biology Products: