Navigation Links
Study offers new clues about hereditary spastic paraplegia
Date:7/8/2011

HOUSTON -- (July 8, 2011) -- New research from Rice University and Italy's Eugenio Medea Scientific Institute is yielding clues about hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP), a group of inherited neurological disorders that affect about 20,000 people in the United States. A study in the July 5 issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences offers the first detailed account of the biochemical workings of atlastin, a protein produced by one of the genes linked to HSP.

The primary symptoms of HSP are progressive spasticity and weakness of the leg and hip muscles. This results from the slow degeneration of the nerves that carry signals from the spinal column to the legs, feet and toes. While scientists know that HSP can result from more than two dozen different genetic mutations, they don't know how the mutations cause nerve degeneration.

"We discovered a couple of years ago that atlastin plays a key role in building and maintaining an important internal compartment of healthy cells called the endoplasmic reticulum," said Rice biochemist James McNew, lead co-author of the new study. "HSP is known to primarily affect long nerve cells that can stretch from the lower back all the way to the base of the leg. It appears that atlastin plays a particularly crucial role in maintaining the health of these cells, and we want to know why."

McNew, associate professor of biochemistry and cell biology at Rice, and Andrea Daga, a scientist at the Medea Institute, determined in 2009 that atlastin was one of the rare breed of proteins that can cause membrane fusion.

"Membrane fusion is a fundamental process involved in many cell functions, but only a few proteins can initiate it," McNew said. "Until 2009, we thought all membrane fusion proteins operated in the same basic way. Atlastin was completely different because it's an enzyme that utilizes chemical energy to drive fusion. We really had to start from scratch to determine h
'/>"/>

Contact: Jade Boyd
jadeboyd@rice.edu
713-348-6778
Rice University
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Study suggests new strategy to prevent infertility, birth defects
2. UTMB-led researchers awarded $7.8 million for Gulf spill study
3. LSUHSC conducts landmark study of mid, long-term health effects of oil exposure
4. Nordic study shows marginally higher but overall low risk of stillbirth in ART children
5. First whole-genome lung cancer study by TGen and Virginia G. Piper Cancer Center set for conference
6. Twin study shows lifestyle, diet can significantly influence course of macular degeneration
7. Study: Preventive use of one form of natural vitamin E may reduce stroke damage
8. Behavioral treatment for migraines a cost-effective alternative to meds, study finds
9. ARS and cooperators study cotton gin dust emissions
10. Study finds pregnancy and birth environment may affect development of autism in twins
11. Study shows answers for treating obesity-related diseases may reside in fat tissue
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Study offers new clues about hereditary spastic paraplegia
(Date:10/16/2014)... , October 16, 2014 NXT-ID, Inc. ... the "Company"), a biometric authentication company focused on the ... leading edge technologies including Wocket™, the Smart Wallet, at ... Conferenece. FiRe is a leading global conference on the ... Hosted by Mark Anderson , founder and publisher ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... to an unexpected extent. The outbreak does not follow ... shows a new disease dynamic in regions, where it ... German National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina, acatech – the ... of the German Academies of Sciences and Humanities have ... In the statement the academies call for the following ...
(Date:10/14/2014)... prostate cancer tumors scavenge and hoard copper that is ... may be a fatal weakness. , Researchers at ... cancer cells by delivering a trove of copper along ... brimming with the mineral, leaving non-cancer cells healthy. , ... available for other uses, could soon be tested in ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):NXT-ID Inc. to Present at 13th Annual FiRe Conference 2NXT-ID Inc. to Present at 13th Annual FiRe Conference 3Academies call for consequences from the Ebola virus epidemic 2Academies call for consequences from the Ebola virus epidemic 3Academies call for consequences from the Ebola virus epidemic 4Academies call for consequences from the Ebola virus epidemic 5Prostate cancer's penchant for copper may be a fatal flaw 2
... characterise their Zap-It! product, which uses the tiny electric ... itching caused by insect bites - such as those from ... that is based around a similar piezoelectric mechanism to that ... a medical device, currently available to buy in high street ...
... Molecular biologist Ichiro Matsumoto, Ph.D., of the Monell Center, ... Young Investigators in Gustation, awarded annually by the Association ... who is an emerging leader in the field of ... the understanding of the organization, relationships and connectivity of ...
... of the potentially deadly antibiotic-resistant bacterium known as MRSA ... a new study involving two Northern Arizona University researchers., ... for Microbial Genetics and Genomics, and Lance Price, NAU ... Microbiology and Environmental Health at the Translational Genomics Research ...
Cached Biology News:Zapping mosquito bites 2Evolution of staph 'superbug' traced between humans and food animals 2
(Date:10/22/2014)... - iCo Therapeutics ("iCo" or "the Company") (TSX-V: ICO) ... Oral Amphotericin B program.  The company recently announced ... work involving samples from HIV/AIDS patients exposed to ... clinical studies and regulatory filings to move forward ... approximately $700,000 of funding and technological advice from ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... , Oct. 22, 2014 Research and ... Electronics Market by Material, by Application, Geography - Global ... their offering. Organic electronics, also called ... of material science which deals with small conductive molecules ... because small molecules and polymers are carbon based, made ...
(Date:10/20/2014)... The report “Pharmacy Automation Systems Market ... Labeling Systems, Table-top Counters) by End-user (Inpatient Pharmacy ... Trends to 2019” analyzes and studies the major ... Europe, Asia-Pacific, and the Rest of the World ... figures spread through 300 pages and in-depth TOC ...
(Date:10/20/2014)... (PRWEB) October 20, 2014 Convey ... that a team from Iowa State University won first ... contest. Using a Convey HC-2ex, the team’s solution achieved ... times faster than the second place finisher. , Experts ... embarked upon the month long challenge, using a variety ...
Breaking Biology Technology:iCo Therapeutics Announces Advancement of Oral Amphotericin B Program 2iCo Therapeutics Announces Advancement of Oral Amphotericin B Program 3Global Organic Electronics (Semiconductor, Conductive, Dielectric and Substrate) Market - Analysis and Forecast (2014 - 2020) 2Global Organic Electronics (Semiconductor, Conductive, Dielectric and Substrate) Market - Analysis and Forecast (2014 - 2020) 3Pharmacy Automation Systems Market worth $4,566.2 Million by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 2Pharmacy Automation Systems Market worth $4,566.2 Million by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 3Pharmacy Automation Systems Market worth $4,566.2 Million by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 4Team from Iowa State Wins 2014 MemoCODE Design Contest Using Convey HC-2ex 2Team from Iowa State Wins 2014 MemoCODE Design Contest Using Convey HC-2ex 3
... ... Intellectual Property, FULLERTON, Calif., Nov. 28 Beckman Coulter,Inc. ... and,automate complex biomedical testing announced today that it has entered,into an ... spin out of Lumigen, Inc., effected prior to Beckman,Coulter,s acquisition of ...
... Cambridge Research &,Instrumentation (CRi) announced today that ... of allowance for their patent application number,10/669,101, for ... patent covers the use of multispectral imaging combined,with ... of,fluorophores in a living mammal. The unmixing of ...
... 1-41 has significant ... and anti-amnesic benefits, GENEVA, Nov. 28 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ - ... announce promising developments with,ANAVEX 1-41, the company,s lead drug ... 1-41 prevented oxidative stress,which damages and destroys cells and ...
Cached Biology Technology:Beckman Coulter to Acquire Exclusive Rights to Break-Through Technologies 2US Patent and Trademark Office Allows CRi's Patent Application for Spectral Imaging of Deep Tissue 2Anavex advances drug candidate for treatment of Alzheimer's disease 2Anavex advances drug candidate for treatment of Alzheimer's disease 3Anavex advances drug candidate for treatment of Alzheimer's disease 4Anavex advances drug candidate for treatment of Alzheimer's disease 5
...
...
Immunogen: Peptide corresponding to amino acid residues from the N-terminal region of human thyroid hormone receptor, alpha1/alpha2-isotype. Storage: -20 C, Avoid Freeze/Thaw Cycles...
Antibodies were affinity purified using epitopes specific to QKI immobilized on solid support....
Biology Products: