Navigation Links
Study of protein structures reveals key events in evolutionary history
Date:3/10/2009

A new study of proteins, the molecular machines that drive all life, also sheds light on the history of living organisms.

The study, in the journal Structure, reveals that after eons of gradual evolution, proteins suddenly experienced a "big bang" of innovation. The active regions of many proteins, called domains, combined with each other or split apart to produce a host of structures that had never been seen before. This explosion of new forms coincided with the rapidly increasing diversity of the three superkingdoms of life (bacteria; the microbes known as archaea; and eucarya, the group that includes animals, plants, fungi and many other organisms).

Lead author Gustavo Caetano-Anolls, a professor of bioinformatics in the department of crop sciences at the University of Illinois and an affiliate of the Institute for Genomic Biology, has spent years studying protein structures he calls them "architectures" which he suggests offer a reliable record of evolutionary events.

All proteins contain domains that can be identified by their structural and functional similarities to one another. These domains are the gears and motors that allow the protein machinery to work. Every protein has one or more of them, and very different proteins can contain the same, or similar, domains.

By conducting a census of all the domains that appear in different groups of organisms and comparing the protein repertoires of hundreds of different groups, the researchers were able to construct a timeline of protein evolution that relates directly to the history of life.

"The history of the protein repertoire should match the history of the entire organism because the organism is made up of all those pieces," Caetano-Anolls said.

He and his co-author, postdoctoral researcher Minglei Wang, were interested in tracing how proteins make use of their domains, or groups of domains, to accomplish various tasks. These domains or d
'/>"/>

Contact: Diana Yates, Life Sciences Editor
diya@illinois.edu
217-333-5802
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. American carnivores evolved to avoid each other, new study suggests
2. Sea Grant awards $820,000 for research under EPAs Long Island Sound study
3. Study offers clues to beating hearing loss
4. Genetic study finds treasure trove of new lizards
5. Cellulosic biofuel technology will generate low-cost green fuel, says major study
6. Study critiques corn-for-ethanols carbon footprint
7. Study predicts when invasive species can travel more readily by air
8. Study to evaluate success of parental involvement in early childhood education
9. Building strong bones: Running may provide more benefits than resistance training, MU study finds
10. Organizational Change Management for Sustainability: The Harvard Case Study
11. Long-term study of orchard ground cover management systems
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Study of protein structures reveals key events in evolutionary history
(Date:7/10/2014)... NEW YORK , June 27, 2014 /PRNewswire/ ... against Provectus Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. ("Provectus" or the "Company")(NYSE-MKT: ... action, filed in United States District Court, Middle ... Division, is on behalf of a class consisting ... otherwise acquired Provectus securities between December 17, 2013 ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... -- NXT-ID, Inc., (OTCQB: NXTD) a biometric authentication company focused on the ... was interviewed on July 1 st on the ... . Mr. Pereira discusses the company,s next generation smart wallet ... the Wocket™ aims to replace a traditional wallet with a ... tells Gino he has never heard of the Wocket ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... GOTHENBURG, Sweden , July 8, 2014 ... FPC1021 has won a new design win (DW). An Asian ... targeted date for mass production start in August 2014.   ... an Asian smartphone OEM, which has a planned date for ... received an initial ramp order of SEK 5M, for delivery ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):SHAREHOLDER ALERT: Pomerantz Law Firm Announces the Filing of a Class Action against Provectus Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. and Certain Officers - PVCT 2SHAREHOLDER ALERT: Pomerantz Law Firm Announces the Filing of a Class Action against Provectus Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. and Certain Officers - PVCT 3Security and Your Money: Tampa Bay Radio Host Cedric Harris Talks to NXT-ID CEO Mr. Gino Pereira about the Wocket Smart Wallet 2Security and Your Money: Tampa Bay Radio Host Cedric Harris Talks to NXT-ID CEO Mr. Gino Pereira about the Wocket Smart Wallet 3Security and Your Money: Tampa Bay Radio Host Cedric Harris Talks to NXT-ID CEO Mr. Gino Pereira about the Wocket Smart Wallet 4FPC Wins DW and Initial Ramp Order for FPC1021 Touch Sensor for Flagship Smartphone from Asian OEM 2
... biology textbooks, a single genetic mutation is rarely enough to ... a series of mutations that work together to trigger tumor ... that distinct cancer-causing mutations in neighboring cells can cooperate to ... Cancer biologists have long known that it takes ...
... , CARDIFF, Calif. , Jan. 13 ... Mind, Inc. was in high demand at this year,s Consumer Electronics Show ... many interviews with major media organizations during the 3 day event. Among ... Up TV , with Mark Albertson . Additionally, we have been ...
... Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y. Two scientists from ... international team that has discovered a genetic mutation that ... is a devastating inherited neurological disease that is very ... often among Ashkenazi Jews. The study was ...
Cached Biology News:Mutations in different cells cooperate to set the stage for cancer 2Mutations in different cells cooperate to set the stage for cancer 3Jedi Mind Receives Vast Media Coverage at CES in Las Vegas 2Jedi Mind Receives Vast Media Coverage at CES in Las Vegas 3CSHL scientists use next-gen sequencing to rapidly discover genetic cause of devastating disorder 2
(Date:7/10/2014)... researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ... the interplay of spin and heat at the ... spintronic devices for data storage and information processing. ... as spin-angular momentum. In a typical charge current, ... spin current," explained David Cahill, a professor of ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... approach akin to assembling a club sandwich at ... (NIST) researchers have succeeded in crafting a uniform, ... of foam commonly used in upholstered furniture and ... nanotube-coated polyurethane foam was reduced 35 percent compared ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... JOLIET, Ill. , Jan. 15, 2014  Bill Jacobs Automotive, ... , is teaming up with the Heartland Blood Center ... annual blood drive. The drive takes place Saturday, Jan. 18 ... a.m. - 2 p.m. (Photo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20140115/MN46637 )  ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... FALLS, N.Y., Jan. 15, 2014   Niagara Thermal ... been selected by Buffalo BioBlower Technologies LLC ("B3") as ... SBIR Phase 2 award from the Army Corps of ... system that kills all biological contaminants and destroys VOCs ...
Breaking Biology Technology:University of Illinois study advances limits for ultrafast nano-devices 2Layered security: Carbon nanotubes promise improved flame-resistant coating 2Join the Bill Jacobs Auto blood drive and receive a free oil change 2Niagara Thermal Products LLC Selected as Critical Supplier for Buffalo BioBlower Air Purification Systems 2
... can make a professor lose his cool more than having ... for making a mistake are endless: a DVD made specifically ... skipping around uncontrollably or even an overhead projector falling to ... duty of solving such technical issues and more falls on ...
... Madison, Wis. - If wireless keeps growing at its ... get their work done, says a wireless channel manager for ... at a recent Accelerate Madison program, saying the ... for corporations over the next few years. With costs falling ...
... Eau Claire, Wis . Faculty in the chemistry ... more than $600,000 in grant money from the National ... help them purchase state-of-the-art instrumentation and support faculty-student research. ... a department like ours and it'll have a significant ...
Cached Biology Technology:Interest drives investment of instructional technology 2Interest drives investment of instructional technology 3Interest drives investment of instructional technology 4Cisco manager touts wireless advantages 2UW-Eau Claire chemistry faculty get $600,000 in NSF grants 2UW-Eau Claire chemistry faculty get $600,000 in NSF grants 3
This antibody is specific for human J-chain as defined by ELISA assay using purified human immunoglobulin fragments as solid phase target antigen....
Tissue-Stat ( Tissue Adherent for Mounting Formalin-Fixed and Frozen Tissue Sections.)...
Clarin Mounting Medium (Permanent environmentally safe mounting medium for general histology & cytology use)...
IHC Zinc Fixative - , 1000 ml Consult technical datasheet for details....
Biology Products: