Navigation Links
Study finds an increase of children accidentally poisoned with pharmaceuticals
Date:9/15/2011

Cincinnati, OH, September 16, 2011 -- Pharmaceutical poisoning remains a common childhood injury, despite years of concerted prevention efforts, such as improved safe guards on packaging. Over half a million children are exposed to pharmaceuticals each year. A new study soon to be published in The Journal of Pediatrics attempts to understand this growing problem to aid in the progress of reducing the number of childhood injuries due to pharmaceutical poisoning.

Dr. Randall Bond and colleagues from Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center and the University of Cincinnati gathered information about 544,133 children 5 years of age and younger who had visited the emergency department (ED) because they may have been poisoned by medication. The data was gathered from all cases reported to the American Association of Poison Control Centers between 2001 and 2008. In an attempt to find a focus for continued poison prevention methods, the authors organized the data according to medication type and whether the exposure was caused by the child self-ingesting the medication or by a dosing error.

"We need to know the medications and ingestion circumstances that contribute most to ED visits, hospitalization, and harm," Dr. Bond explains. The authors found that 95% of ED visits resulted from self-ingestion. Prescription drugs accounted for 55% of the ED visits, 76% of hospital admissions, and 71% of significant injuries. The biggest impact came from opioid-containing pain medications (eg, oxycodone, morphine, codeine), sedative hypnotics (eg, muscle relaxants, sleep aids), and cardiovascular medications. "The problem of pediatric poisoning in the U.S. is getting worse, not better," Dr. Bond asserts. Overall, there was a 22% increase in the exposure for this age group, although the number of children in the U.S. under the age of 5 years increased only 8% during the study period.

The authors attribute this increase to a greater availability of, and access to, medications in the child's home. They also note that effective "poison proofing" may have plateaued or declined in recent years. "Prevention efforts of parents and caregivers to store medicines in locked cabinets or up and away from children continue to be crucial. However, the largest potential benefit would come from packaging design changes that reduce the quantity a child could quickly and easily access in a self-ingestion episode, like flow restrictors on liquids and one-at-a-time tablet dispensing containers," Dr. Bond suggests. He goes on to recommend that such changes should be applied to both adult and pediatric products and to over-the-counter and prescription products.


'/>"/>

Contact: Brigid Huey
journal.pediatrics@cchmc.org
513-636-7140
Elsevier Health Sciences
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. UF-led study: Invasive amphibians, reptiles in Florida outnumber world
2. Voting causes stress according to Ben-Gurion University of the Negev study
3. Gene flux can foretell survival for trauma patients, Princeton study finds
4. SDSC-developed software used in first global camera trap mammal study
5. Study finds chronic abnormal brain blood flow in Gulf War veterans
6. Study reveals critical similarity between two types of do-it-all stem cells
7. International study identifies new gene targets for hypertension treatment
8. BMC awarded NIH grant to study brain abnormalities in former ELGANS patients
9. Study in Tanzania finds fishery improvements outweigh fuelwood losses
10. University of Tennessee chosen to join national network to study climate change
11. Endangered horse has ancient origins and high genetic diversity, new study finds
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/12/2016)... 2016 WearablesResearch.com , a brand of ... results from the Q1 wave of its quarterly wearables ... consumers, receptivity to a program where they would receive ... insurance company. "We were surprised to see ... Michael LaColla , CEO of Troubadour Research, "primarily because ...
(Date:4/26/2016)... India and LONDON ... Infosys Finacle, part of EdgeVerve Systems, a product ... and Onegini today announced a partnership to integrate ... solutions.      (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20151104/283829LOGO ... to provide their customers enhanced security to access ...
(Date:4/14/2016)... , April 14, 2016 ... and Malware Detection, today announced the appointment of ... the new role. Goldwerger,s leadership appointment comes ... the heels of the deployment of its platform at ... behavioral biometric technology, which discerns unique cognitive and physiological ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/25/2016)... ... May 25, 2016 , ... Scientists at the University ... being tried for mesothelioma may be hampering the research that could lead to one ... Click here to read it now. , The team evaluated 98 mesothelioma ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... ... May 24, 2016 , ... ... and traumatic injuries, will be accelerated by research at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) ... of wound healing and tissue regeneration. , The novel method, developed by WPI ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... ... May 23, 2016 , ... The need for blood donations in South Texas and across the ... Texas Blood & Tissue Center, blood donations are on the decline. In fact, donations across ... down 21 percent in South Texas in the last four years alone. , There is ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... BOSTON and LONDON , May 23, ... 10 Could See Frontage Boost Efficiency by 40% - ... - Frontage Enforce Quality, Compliance and Traceability Within the ... (CRO) with labs in the United States ... 10 to be deployed across its laboratory facilities. In addition ...
Breaking Biology Technology: