Navigation Links
Study finds Europe's habitat and wildlife is vulnerable to climate change
Date:7/28/2014

New research has identified areas of the Earth that are high priorities for conservation in the face of climate change.

Europe is particularly vulnerable, as it has the lowest fraction of its land area, only four per cent, of any continent in 'refugia' areas of biological diversity that support many species where natural environmental conditions remain relatively constant during times of great environmental change. The refugia that do exist in Europe are mostly in Scandinavia and Scotland.

The biggest refugia are in the Amazon, the Congo basin, the boreal forests of Russia, the Artic and the Australian outback.

The study identifies such climate change refugia based on the amount of natural habitat present and the risk that regions shift to a different type of natural vegetation due to climate change a phenomenon known as 'biome shift'.

The research was led by University of Southampton biologist Dr Felix Eigenbrod working in collaboration with Dr Patrick Gonzalez, Climate Change Scientist at the U.S. National Park Service, and two other Southampton scientists Dr Jadu Dash and Dr Ilse Steyl. They found that 10 to 28 per cent of the world is located in potential refugia or areas less vulnerable to future climate change and biome shift.

In addition, only one to two per cent of the world's vegetated area, however, is classified as refugia and protected by a national park or other protected area.

The results suggest that, in regions where relatively large, intact wilderness areas remain (for example, Africa, Australia and South America), conservation of the remaining large-scale refugia is the priority. In human-dominated landscapes, (most of Europe, much of North America and Southeast Asia), focusing on finer scale refugia is a priority because large-scale wilderness refugia simply no longer exist.

Dr Felix Eigenbrod: says: "Our research will help governments to better understand where to invest resources to safeguard wild plants and animals in the face of the combined threats of habitat destruction and climate change."

The findings, published in the journal Global Change Biology, are based on spatial and statistical analyses of historical climate data, satellite data on current vegetation, and projections of potential vegetation under climate change.

Past field research has shown that human climate change has already shifted vegetation at the biome level upslope and towards the Poles or the Equator. A biome is the highest level of ecological system rainforests, woodlands, grasslands, temperate forest, alpine and tundra so a change in climate that can shift the location of a biome is a very substantial force. When a biome shifts, plants and wildlife that cannot cope may shift or disappear locally. When a road, town, or clear-cutting then destroys parts of the natural habitat, the ecosystem becomes even more vulnerable.


'/>"/>
Contact: Glenn Harris
G.Harris@soton.ac.uk
44-023-805-93212
University of Southampton
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Dinosaurs fell victim to perfect storm of events, study shows
2. Study: Climate change and air pollution will combine to curb food supplies
3. First national study finds trees saving lives, reducing respiratory problems
4. New study draws links between wildlife loss and social conflicts
5. Zerenex™ (ferric citrate) long-term Phase 3 study results published in JASN
6. Study indicates large raptors in Africa used for bushmeat
7. Stanford study shows how to power California with wind, water and sun
8. Study gives new perspective on agricultural plastic, debris burning, and air quality
9. Rutgers study explores attitudes, preferences toward post-Sandy rebuilding
10. Studying impacts of indoor air pollution on tribal communities
11. Genetic study shows major impact of climate change on Antarctic fur seals
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Study finds Europe's habitat and wildlife is vulnerable to climate change
(Date:1/4/2017)... LAS VEGAS , Jan. 4, 2017  For the thousands of ... , a global leader in connected health and biometric measurement devices and ... pressure monitors. On display in A&D Medical,s special CES ... monitors represent the ongoing expansion of the company,s WellnessConnected product ... ...
(Date:1/3/2017)... -- Onitor, provider of digital health technology for consumers, ... biometric data-driven program designed to aid weight loss for ... Consumer Electronics Show (CES) in Las Vegas ... World Health Organization (WHO), have identified lifestyle risks that ... overweight or obese. WHO also states that more people ...
(Date:12/22/2016)... SuperCom (NASDAQ:   SPCB ), ... HealthCare, and Finance sectors announced today that Leaders in Community Alternatives ... deploy a community-based supportive services program to reduce recidivism in a ... its presence in the state. ... This new program, which is expected to commence in ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/19/2017)...  ArmaGen, Inc., today announced that it has ... executive officer, as well as a member of ... more than 17 years of executive management experience ... and pharmaceuticals. "Mathias is a ... skillset necessary to lead ArmaGen to its next ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... January 18, 2017 , ... ... innovators, engineers, and scientists from around the world, was today awarded the "Best ... program is based entirely on merit and decided upon by a dedicated team ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... , Jan. 18, 2017 The ... reach USD 92.9 billion by 2025, according to ... Pharmaceutical industry has been adaptive of the function ... early as 2002. Among the services outsourced, clinical ... For instance, Johnson & Johnson was the first ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... LAKES, N.J. , Jan. 18, 2017 BD (Becton, ... technology company, announced today that it will host a live webcast ... at 1 p.m. (ET). The webcast can be ... be available for replay through Tuesday, January 31, 2017. ... About BD BD ...
Breaking Biology Technology: