Navigation Links
Study: Deforestation could intensify climate change in Congo Basin by half
Date:4/15/2014

By 2050, deforestation could cause temperatures in the Congo Basin to increase by 0.7 C. The increase would intensify warming caused by greenhouse gases by half, according to a study by researchers at the University of Leuven, Belgium.

Explosive population growth and inefficient agricultural practices are causing large-scale destruction of tropical rainforests in Central Africa. A team of researchers from the University of Leuven examined how these practices will affect longer-term temperatures in the region. Using a sophisticated computer model, they forecasted Congo Basin temperatures anno 2050.

Their findings: Central Africa of 2050 will be an average of 1.4 C hotter than today as a result of global greenhouse gas emissions. Deforestation will add an extra 0.7 C to that figure.

The results also show a strong spatial correlation between deforestation and global warming. In certain deforestation 'hot spots', increases caused by deforestation could rise to 1.25 C, in addition to the warming caused by greenhouse gases. Such drastic temperature increases will drive off plant and animal species and may even threaten some with extinction, warn the researchers.

Energy balance disturbed

The researchers used an advanced computer model based on realistic projections of the speed and the spatial pattern of deforestation to forecast changes in the Congo Basin climate. The study also maps the region's vegetation mix which has largely replaced felled forest in much of the region for the first time.

The deforestation-induced warming forecasted by the model can be attributed in large part to reduced evaporation, say the researchers. Once deforestation has occurred, the solar energy that rainforests would otherwise use to evaporate water accumulates near the Earth's surface, causing the atmosphere to warm.

This reduced evaporation also threatens precipitation levels in the region, the study predicts. However, because of the complexities of air circulation and cloud formation, the link between the spatial pattern of change and the deforestation pattern is less pronounced.

Addressing the causes of deforestation

The researchers used an average forecast of future emissions of CO2 and other greenhouse gases to arrive at their calculations. Their deforestation scenario is far from extreme. "The results point to the need to address the causes of deforestation in the Congo Basin," says Tom Akkermans of the Regional Climate Studies research group at the University of Leuven, and lead author of the study. "Not only does deforestation in this region contribute to the global rise in temperature through CO2 emissions from wood burning, it also has a direct impact on the climate of Central Africa."


'/>"/>

Contact: Wim Thiery
wim.thiery@ees.kuleuven.be
32-485-708-018
KU Leuven
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. BYU study: Using a gun in bear encounters doesnt make you safer
2. 15-year study: When it comes to creating wetlands, Mother Nature is in charge
3. Study: Exercise can lead to female orgasm, sexual pleasure
4. U of I study: Lose body weight before gaining baby weight
5. Study: Men who do load-bearing exercise in early 20s may be shielded from osteoporosis
6. USF study: Common fungicide wreaks havoc on freshwater ecosystems
7. Army study: DNA vaccine and duck eggs protect against hantavirus disease
8. Study: In-patient, out-patient stroke rehab might benefit from yoga
9. Study: Seeking Arctic methane has serious implications for Florida coastline
10. Study: Seeping Arctic methane has serious implications for Florida coastline
11. Study: No-fat, low-fat dressings dont get most nutrients out of salads
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Study: Deforestation could intensify climate change in Congo Basin by half
(Date:3/21/2016)... Massachusetts , March 22, 2016 ... facial recognition with passcodes for superior security   ... ), a leading provider of secure digital communications services, ... their biometric technology and offer enterprise customers, particularly those ... secure facial recognition and voice authentication within a mobile ...
(Date:3/15/2016)... , March 15, 2016 Yissum Research ... the technology-transfer company of the Hebrew University, announced today ... remote sensing technology of various human biological indicators. Neteera ... $2.0 million from private investors. ... on the detection of electromagnetic emissions from sweat ducts, ...
(Date:3/11/2016)... PUNE, India , March 11, 2016 ... to a new market research report "Image Recognition Market ... by Application (Marketing and Advertising), by Deployment Type (On-Premises ... Global Forecast To 2022", published by MarketsandMarkets, the global ... in 2015 to USD 29.98 Billion by 2020, at ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/27/2016)... , May 27, 2016 At present, ... playing in this space know that volatility is what makes ... companies on ActiveWallSt.com: Synta Pharmaceuticals Corp. (NASDAQ: SNTA ... Inc. (NASDAQ: LPTN ), and Heat Biologics Inc. ... access to the technical alerts for these stocks at: ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2016 , ... ... developed by Medistem Panama Inc. at the City of Knowledge in ... tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells in the US earlier this year following FDA approval ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 25, 2016 , ... ... features a variety of fracture-specific plating options designed to address fractures of the ... fracture fixation solutions. , The Acumed Ankle Plating System 3 is composed of ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... FL (PRWEB) , ... May 25, 2016 , ... Lady ... eight she tore her cruciate ligament in her left knee. Lady’s owner Hannah sought ... a central Florida board-certified veterinary surgeon, to repair her cruciate ligament and help with ...
Breaking Biology Technology: