Navigation Links
'Stroke Belt' deaths tied to non-traditional risk factors
Date:1/8/2009

BIRMINGHAM, Ala. Southerners die from stroke more than in any other U.S. region, but exactly why that happens is unknown. A new report by researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) and the University of Vermont underscores that geographic and racial differences are not the sole reasons behind the South's higher stroke death rate.

The data is from UAB's Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study, which has enrolled more than 30,200 U.S. participants. The study confirms a greater-than 40 percent higher stroke death rate in eight southeastern states known as the Stroke Belt Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North and South Carolina and Tennessee.

After factoring in age, race and sex-related factors, the predicted stroke risk was only slightly higher in Stoke Belt states compared to other regions (10.7 percent versus 10.1 percent), said George Howard, Dr.PH., professor of biostatistics in UAB's School of Public Health and a REGARDS principal. That risk was calculated using nine known risk factors common to stroke screening.

"We found geographic and racial differences are useful in predicting stroke risk, but they only explain less than half the picture. Something else is happening," Howard said. "It could be exposure to allergens in the home, it could be micronutrients in drinking water or it could be other factors considered 'non-traditional' because they don't fall into the list of nine factors commonly used to predict stroke risk."

The findings are reported in the Annals of Neurology.

All minority groups, including Native Americans, Hispanics and African-Americans, face a significantly higher risk for stroke and death from stroke compared to whites, and research is focused on exactly why that is, said Mary Cushman, M.D., of the University of Vermont, the study's lead author. Continued analysis of REGARDS data and follow-up study will determine other stroke risk factors and their significance.

One detail that emerged in the Annals of Neurology study is that the prevalence of diabetes and hypertension was up to five percentage points higher in the Southeast. That means interventions to reduce geographic disparities in diabetes and hypertension including boosting diabetes screening rates and follow-up care could also reduce geographic disparities in stroke death, Howard said.


'/>"/>

Contact: Troy Goodman
tdgoodman@uab.edu
205-934-8938
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Blood pressure drug telmisartan shows powerful activity against stroke
2. Stroke victims may benefit from stem cell transplants
3. Blueberry and green tea containing supplement protects against stroke damage
4. Scientists ask whether microscaffolding can help stem cells rebuild brain after stroke damage
5. Can micro-scaffolding help stem cells rebuild the brain after stroke?
6. Tracking stroke
7. New 3-D ultrasound could improve stroke diagnosis, care
8. Study finds possible connection between marijuana abuse and stroke or heart attacks
9. Even low levels of air pollution may pose stroke risk
10. Stroke study reveals key target for improving treatment and suggests that Gleevec may help
11. Stroke and SIDS in Alaska topics of neuroscience conference
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/16/2017)... , May 16, 2017   Bridge Patient ... organizations, and MD EMR Systems , an ... partner for GE, have established a partnership to ... product and the GE Centricity™ products, including Centricity ... These new integrations will allow ...
(Date:4/17/2017)... Florida , April 17, 2017 NXT-ID, ... technology company, announces the filing of its 2016 Annual Report on ... and Exchange Commission. ... on Form 10-K is available in the Investor Relations section of ... as on the SEC,s website at http://www.sec.gov . ...
(Date:4/11/2017)... No two people are believed to ... York University Tandon School of Engineering and Michigan ... partial similarities between prints are common enough that ... and other electronic devices can be more vulnerable ... in the fact that fingerprint-based authentication systems feature ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:9/19/2017)... MI (PRWEB) , ... September 19, 2017 , ... ... laboratory, is pleased to announce the recipients of its 2017 Science Student Award. ... exceptional leadership qualities, and involvement with community service defray the costs of obtaining ...
(Date:9/19/2017)... , ... September 19, 2017 ... ... State Department of Financial Services (NYS DFS) cybersecurity regulations have transitioned ... finance and insurance organizations operating in the state (“Covered Entities”) to conduct ...
(Date:9/18/2017)... ... September 18, 2017 , ... Transportable biomass conversion facilities ... torrefied wood is the topic of a September 27 webinar hosted ... viability of transportable biomass conversion facilities for producing biochar, briquettes, and torrefied wood, ...
(Date:9/18/2017)... , Sept. 18, 2017   Montrium , a growing leader ... exciting new partnership with a groundbreaking non-profit research organization, Multidisciplinary ... ... psychotherapy studies for PTSD ... recently granted Breakthrough Therapy Designation to MDMA for the treatment of ...
Breaking Biology Technology: