Navigation Links
'Stroke Belt' deaths tied to non-traditional risk factors
Date:1/8/2009

BIRMINGHAM, Ala. Southerners die from stroke more than in any other U.S. region, but exactly why that happens is unknown. A new report by researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) and the University of Vermont underscores that geographic and racial differences are not the sole reasons behind the South's higher stroke death rate.

The data is from UAB's Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study, which has enrolled more than 30,200 U.S. participants. The study confirms a greater-than 40 percent higher stroke death rate in eight southeastern states known as the Stroke Belt Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North and South Carolina and Tennessee.

After factoring in age, race and sex-related factors, the predicted stroke risk was only slightly higher in Stoke Belt states compared to other regions (10.7 percent versus 10.1 percent), said George Howard, Dr.PH., professor of biostatistics in UAB's School of Public Health and a REGARDS principal. That risk was calculated using nine known risk factors common to stroke screening.

"We found geographic and racial differences are useful in predicting stroke risk, but they only explain less than half the picture. Something else is happening," Howard said. "It could be exposure to allergens in the home, it could be micronutrients in drinking water or it could be other factors considered 'non-traditional' because they don't fall into the list of nine factors commonly used to predict stroke risk."

The findings are reported in the Annals of Neurology.

All minority groups, including Native Americans, Hispanics and African-Americans, face a significantly higher risk for stroke and death from stroke compared to whites, and research is focused on exactly why that is, said Mary Cushman, M.D., of the University of Vermont, the study's lead author. Continued analysis of REGARDS data and follow-up study will determine other stroke risk factors and their significance.

One detail that emerged in the Annals of Neurology study is that the prevalence of diabetes and hypertension was up to five percentage points higher in the Southeast. That means interventions to reduce geographic disparities in diabetes and hypertension including boosting diabetes screening rates and follow-up care could also reduce geographic disparities in stroke death, Howard said.


'/>"/>

Contact: Troy Goodman
tdgoodman@uab.edu
205-934-8938
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Blood pressure drug telmisartan shows powerful activity against stroke
2. Stroke victims may benefit from stem cell transplants
3. Blueberry and green tea containing supplement protects against stroke damage
4. Scientists ask whether microscaffolding can help stem cells rebuild brain after stroke damage
5. Can micro-scaffolding help stem cells rebuild the brain after stroke?
6. Tracking stroke
7. New 3-D ultrasound could improve stroke diagnosis, care
8. Study finds possible connection between marijuana abuse and stroke or heart attacks
9. Even low levels of air pollution may pose stroke risk
10. Stroke study reveals key target for improving treatment and suggests that Gleevec may help
11. Stroke and SIDS in Alaska topics of neuroscience conference
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/22/2016)...  As part of its longstanding mission to improve genetic ... recently released its latest children,s book, titled The ... the topics of inheritance and variation of traits that are ... elementary school classrooms in the US. The ... Ariana Killoran , whose previous book with 23andMe, ...
(Date:12/20/2016)... The rising popularity of mobility services ... stoking significant interest in keyless access systems. Following ... energy (BLE), biometrics and near-field communication (NFC) are ... wireless technologies in the automotive industry. This evolution ... systems opens the market to specialist companies such ...
(Date:12/19/2016)... y TORONTO , 19 de diciembre de 2016 ... Inc. que permitirá el desarrollo acelerado de MSC-1, un anticuerpo humanizado ... tipos de tumor en 2017, con múltiples sitios previstos a lo ... ... objetivo en el factor inhibidor de leucemia (LIF), una citoquina pleiotrópica ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/16/2017)... MANHASSET, N.Y. , Jan. 16, 2017   ... Kevin J. Tracey, MD , president and CEO of ... Northwell Health, completed an analysis of how the nervous ... further identify and develop bioelectronic medicine devices ... today in Nature Neuroscience . The ...
(Date:1/16/2017)... , Jan. 16, 2017  Eurofins Genomics today ... will allow more customers to receive their primers in ... or compromise in quality found with other providers. Express ... United States at no additional fee. ... routine genetic studies, including DNA sequencing, genotyping, site-directed mutagenesis, ...
(Date:1/14/2017)... , Jan. 13, 2017  The Alliance for Safe ... response to FDA final guidance on biologic ... continued leadership in emphasizing the importance of distinct naming ... aware of the benefits biosimilars will bring to patients, ... Yet the portion of the Guidance dealing with ...
(Date:1/13/2017)... , Jan 13, 2017 Research and Markets has ... to their offering. ... global biopolymers market to grow at a CAGR of 16.83% during the ... the growth prospects of the global biopolymers market for 2017-2021. To calculate ... of sales of biopolymer products. The report also includes a a discussion ...
Breaking Biology Technology: