Navigation Links
Stressed dad = depressed children? Investigating the paternal transmission of stress
Date:8/31/2011

Philadelphia, PA, August 31, 2011 - Does Dad's stress affect his unborn children? According to the results of a new study in Elsevier's Biological Psychiatry, it seems the answer may be "yes, but it's complicated".

The risk of developing depression, which is significantly increased by exposure to chronic stress, is influenced by both environment and genetics. The interplay of these two factors is quite complex, but in fact, there is even a third factor that most of us know nothing about epigenetics. Epigenetics is the science of changes in genetic expression that are not caused by actual changes in DNA sequencing. It is these mechanisms that have been the recent focus of intergenerational investigations into the transmission of stress vulnerability.

Inheritance is complex. We've all known that mothers and fathers have tremendous influence on their children, but "this study highlights how complicated the relationship between genetic, epigenetic, and environmental contributions can be with regards to the inheritance of important behavioral traits," commented Dr. John Krystal, editor of Biological Psychiatry.

Most work to date has focused on maternal effects. In this fascinating new study, researchers investigated paternal effects instead, and found that male mice exposed to chronic stress pass those stress behaviors along to their offspring. Both their male and female offspring showed increased depression and anxiety-like behaviors, although the effects were stronger in males. Importantly, these behavioral changes were only present in offspring produced through natural reproduction, and not in those offspring that were produced via in vitro fertilization. That interesting twist suggests that most stress-related vulnerabilities are transmitted to subsequent generations behaviorally, rather than epigenetically.

"This type of translational animal work is important to help scientists focus their work in humans", explained lead author Dr. Eric Nestler, from Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York. "These findings in mice raise the possibility that part of an individual's risk for clinical depression or other stress-related disorders may be determined by his or her father's life exposure to stress, a provocative suggestion that now requires direct study in humans."


'/>"/>

Contact: Chris J. Pfister
c.pfister@elsevier.com
215-239-3266
Elsevier
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Children distressed by family fighting have higher stress hormones
2. Help for climate-stressed corals
3. Feeling stressed? So is the poplar
4. Feeling stressed? So is the poplar
5. Distressed damsels stress coral reefs
6. Penn researchers develop technique for measuring stressed molecules in cells
7. New tracking tags are providing fish-eye views of ways to manage depressed fisheries
8. Pre-pregnancy depressed mood may heighten risk for premature birth
9. Depressed mice could aid research on drug-resistant depression in humans
10. Children of depressed mothers have a different brain
11. Investigating the development of mechanosensitivity
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/28/2016)... Sweden , April 28, 2016 First ... M (139.9), up 966% compared with the first quarter of 2015 ... profit totaled SEK 589.1 M (loss: 18.8) and the operating margin ... 7.12 (loss: 0.32) Cash flow from operations was SEK ... The 2016 revenue guidance is unchanged, SEK 7,000-8,500 M. ...
(Date:4/15/2016)...  A new partnership announced today will help ... in a fraction of the time it takes ... life insurance policies to consumers without requiring inconvenient ... Diagnostics, rapid testing (A1C, Cotinine and HIV) and ... weight, pulse, BMI, and activity data) available at ...
(Date:3/31/2016)... March 31, 2016   ... or the "Company") LegacyXChange is excited to ... its soon to be launched online site for trading ... ) will also provide potential shareholders a sense ... technology to an industry that is notorious for fraud. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/29/2016)... and San Diego, CA (PRWEB) , ... April 29, 2016 , ... ... Stem Cell Foundation (NSCF) to support the development of a patient-specific stem cell therapy ... Andrés Bratt-Leal in the lab of Dr. Jeanne Loring at The Scripps Research Institute ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... 2016 Q BioMed Inc. ... CEO  was featured in an article he wrote ... Fear To Tread: http://www.lifescienceleader.com/doc/accelerators-enter-when-vcs-fear-to-tread-0001 ... is an essential business journal for life science ... to Big Pharmas. Their content is designed to ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... Windsor, Connecticut (PRWEB) , ... April 28, 2016 ... ... Morris Group, Inc., will hold an open house for regional manufacturers at its ... and displays from Tsugami, Okuma, Hardinge Group, Chiron and Trumpf. Almost 20 ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... ... April 27, 2016 , ... Most consumers engage with biometrics ... for secure access, voice recognition for hands-free communication, and facial recognition to help ... biometrics technology today. But if they asked Joey Pritikin, Vice President of ...
Breaking Biology Technology: