Navigation Links
Straw from oilseed as a new source of biofuels
Date:5/23/2014

The bright yellow fields of oilseed rape are a familiar sight at this time of year, but for scientists what lies beneath is just as exciting.

Researchers at the Institute of Food Research are looking at how to turn straw from oilseed rape into biofuel. Preliminary findings are pointing at ways the process could be made more efficient, as well as how the straw itself could be improved.

Straw from crops such as wheat, barley, oats and oilseed rape is seen as a potential source of biomass for second generation biofuel production. Currently the UK produces around 12 million tonnes of straw. Although much is used for animal bedding, mushroom compost and energy generation, there still exists a vast surplus.

Straw contains a mix of sugars that could be used as a source of biofuels that do not compete with food production but instead represent a sustainable way of utilising waste. However, the sugars are in a form that makes them inaccessible to the enzymes that release them for conversion into biofuels, so pre-treatments are needed. The pre-treatments make the complex carbohydrates more accessible to enzymes that convert them to glucose, in a process called saccharification. This is then fermented by yeast into ethanol.

Using the facilities at the Biorefinery Centre on the Norwich Research Park, Professor Keith Waldron and his team have been looking at the steps needed to unlock the sugars tied up in the tough straw structure. In particular, they have looked at the pre-treatment stage, focusing on steam explosion, which involves 'pressure-cooking' the biomass, to drive a number of chemical reactions. A rapid pressure-release then causes the material to be ripped open, to further improve accessibility.

They varied the temperature and duration of steam explosion and then used a variety of physical and biochemical techniques to characterise what effects varying the pre-treatments had on the different types of sugars before and after saccharificati
'/>"/>

Contact: Andrew Chapple
andrew.chapple@ifr.ac.uk
01-603-251-490
Norwich BioScience Institutes
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Strawberries activate protection protein to prevent cardiovascular disease
2. Silver nanoparticle synthesis using strawberry tree leaf
3. Strawberry extract protects against UVA rays
4. TECNALIA leads research to develop new biocomposites based on wheat straw and recycled paper
5. The potential of straw for the energy mix has been underestimated
6. New research informs California strawberry production practices
7. Strawberries lower cholesterol
8. Researcher awarded $5.08 million to study oilseed camelina as biofuel feedstock
9. Current water resources in Europe and Africa
10. Keck award enables Carnegie Mellon and Stanford to dramatically expand crowdsourced RNA design
11. Gallbladder shown as potential stem cell source for regenerative liver and metabolic disease
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Straw from oilseed as a new source of biofuels
(Date:7/13/2015)... JOSE, Calif. , July 13, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... leading developer of human interface solutions, today announced ... generation touch and display driver integration (TDDI) product ... is the first to combine Synaptics , ... with proven display driver technology developed in the ...
(Date:7/9/2015)... 9, 2015  Synaptics Inc. (NASDAQ: SYNA ), a ... it will report financial results for the fourth quarter ... after the close of market. The company will host ... 2:00 p.m. PT (5:00 p.m. ET), during which management ... on the live call, analysts and investors should dial ...
(Date:7/9/2015)... July 9, 2015  Unchained Labs just can,t ... acquisition of Avid Nano. Avid Nano designs, develops ... systems.    Also today, Unchained Labs ... easiest to use protein sizing system. The pUNk ... protein,s hydrodynamic size, size distribution, aggregation population and ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Synaptics Announces Sampling of Second Generation TDDI Solutions 2Synaptics Announces Sampling of Second Generation TDDI Solutions 3Synaptics to Report Fourth Quarter, Fiscal Year 2015 Results on July 30 2Unchained Labs just can't get enough, acquires Avid Nano, rocks out the new pUNk! 2
... traffic accidents, and terrorist attacks may bring about ... and helplessness for people that have experienced or ... and constant mental disorder caused by psychological trauma ... brain structural damage alter as symptoms improve? As ...
... Green Project Awards acknowledges projects that aim for ... This year, the awards distinguished with honorable mentions ... at the tracks Mobilization Initiative of Sic Notcias ... result of collaborations with MIT Portugal Program, in ...
... CO2 emissions could generate a revenue of 32 trillion ... the 12 trillion US dollars reduction of fossil fuel ... scientists of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research. ... with fossil fuel markets adds key information to the ...
Cached Biology News:MIT Portugal is a partner of 2 projects distinguished by the Green Project Awards 2Emissions pricing revenues could overcompensate profit losses of fossil fuel owners 2
(Date:7/30/2015)... ... July 31, 2015 , ... Ralco is honored to ... the Lyon County Fair to be held August 5-9 in Marshall. The Ralco Enrichment ... meals come from and how agriculture impacts their daily lives. This unique exhibit also ...
(Date:7/30/2015)... 30, 2015   GenoSpace , a leading ... and analysis of genomic and other biomedical data, ... joined the company as Vice President of Sales ... "GenoSpace partners with its ... analyze and explore complex sets of genomic, phenotypic ...
(Date:7/30/2015)... ... , ... The 2015 Market Research Report on the Global Propanol Industry ... Propanol market with a focus on the Chinese situation. Major companies included in the ... Chemical, Sanofi, Royal Dutch Shell, LG Chem and Zhejiang Xinhua Chemical. , The report ...
(Date:7/30/2015)... CA (PRWEB) , ... July 30, 2015 , ... ... successful completion of a field clinical study of its canine osteoarthritis stem cell ... with Aratana Therapeutics (Kansas City, KS) and will be marketed in the US ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Ralco Announces Primary Sponsorship of Ralco Enrichment Center at Lyon County Fair 2GenoSpace Introduces Matthew Fischer as Vice President of Sales and Marketing 2Global Propanol Market Technical Data and Manufacturing Analysis 2020 2Global Propanol Market Technical Data and Manufacturing Analysis 2020 3VetStem Biopharma Successfully Completes Large Milestone Efficacy Study for its Flagship Canine Osteoarthritis Stem Cell Product 2VetStem Biopharma Successfully Completes Large Milestone Efficacy Study for its Flagship Canine Osteoarthritis Stem Cell Product 3
... majestic mountains, fertile valleys, sulfurous lava fields, and breathtaking water ... on airplanes (thank God I was able to fly business ... world. This is definitely not Kansas Frodo; in fact, its ... After dashing through customs, I am back on a plane, ...
... Readers of this column are well acquainted with my dislike of Cingular's ... I lay much of the responsibility for the poor design at the ... what it is - a platform - and in its raw form ... ,So when a rep for Palm called and asked if ...
... luncheon speech to the Chicago Bar Association entitled "Communication Rights-of-Way: ... At that time, many who attended thought it was a ... it. My argument was that the horse-and-buggy taxes that focused ... have to become more creative to seek out revenue streams ...
Cached Biology Technology:An upside down view of the future 2An upside down view of the future 3An upside down view of the future 4An upside down view of the future 5Treo 700w solves my smart phone woes 2Treo 700w solves my smart phone woes 3Creativity, innovation extend to municipalities 2Creativity, innovation extend to municipalities 3Creativity, innovation extend to municipalities 4
IEX-1 S/L (H-20)...
Mouse monoclonal [1.T.4] to WAVE 1 ( Abpromise for all tested applications). Antigen: His6 fusion protein corresponding to full-length rat WAVE1. Entrez Gene ID: 8936...
For the differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells tooligodendrocytes....
VAP-1 (S-13)...
Biology Products: