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Stimulus-funded university research addressing issues from climate change to cancer, creating jobs and training a new generation of scientists
Date:9/29/2009

is a common strategy for gaining insight into human processes. Learn more

Understanding Resistance to Infectious Disease

Why are some individuals of a species more adept at fighting infection than others, and what evolutionary forces maintain this variation? How is the immune system interconnected with other components of host physiology? Cornell University Associate Professor of Entomology Brian Lazzaro is trying to find the answers to these questions. Lazarro began work Aug. 1 on stimulus-funded research of infectious disease resistance. Using fruit flies as a model, he will study connections between the immune system and other physiological processes in determining resistance to infectious disease.

His two-year study is funded by a stimulus grant from the National Institutes of Health and has allowed Lazzaro to hire a full-time technician and add a graduate student to help conduct the research. Learn more

Fighting Lung Disease Caused by Smoking

Emily Scott has always worried about smokers' health. As a young girl, the assistant professor of medicinal chemistry at the University of Kansas would hide her grandfather's cigarettes from him fearful that his smoking could cut his life short.

Today, Scott uses advanced research to continue her fight against disease caused by smoking. Her research is directed at understanding how a particular lung enzyme works the cytochrome P450 enzyme that breaks down nicotine. Ultimately, she hopes to detect ways to stop the enzyme from producing a carcinogen during its nicotine processing. With that knowledge, she might be able to design

a drug to halt DNA damage that smokers inflict on their lungs harm that often develops into lung cancer.

Scott's research is being supported by stimulus funding from the National Institutes of Health. This new award builds on nearly $1.4 million she had earned previously from the National Institutes of Health for t
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Contact: Ashley Prime
aprime@qga.com
202-429-4002
The Science Coalition
Source:Eurekalert

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