Navigation Links
Stem cells can repair a damaged cornea
Date:3/5/2012

A new cornea may be the only way to prevent a patient going blind but there is a shortage of donated corneas and the queue for transplantation is long. Scientists at the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, have for the first time successfully cultivated stem cells on human corneas, which may in the long term remove the need for donators.

Approximately 500 corneal transplantations are carried out each year in Sweden, and about 100,000 in the world. The damaged and cloudy cornea that is turning the patient blind is replaced with a healthy, transparent one. But the procedure requires a donated cornea, and there is a severe shortage of donated material. This is particularly the case throughout the world, where religious or political views often hinder the use of donated material.

Replacing donated corneas

Scientists at the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, have taken the first step towards replacing donated corneas with corneas cultivated from stem cells. Scientists Charles Hanson and Ulf Stenevi have used defective corneas obtained from the ophthalmology clinic at Sahlgrenska University Hospital in Mlndal. Their study is now published in the journal Acta Ophthalmologica, and shows how human stem cells can be caused to develop into what are known as "epithelial cells" after 16 days' culture in the laboratory and a further 6 days' culture on a cornea. It is the epithelial cells that maintain the transparency of the cornea.

First time ever on human corneas

"Similar experiments have been carried out on animals, but this is the first time that stem cells have been grown on damaged human corneas. It means that we have taken the first step towards being able to use stem cells to treat damaged corneas", says Charles Hanson. "If we can establish a routine method for this, the availability of material for patients who need a new cornea will be essentially unlimited. Both the surgical procedures and the aftercare will also become much more simple", says Ulf Stenevi.

Few clinics conduct transplants

Only a few clinics are currently able to transplant corneas. Many of the transplantations in Sweden are carried out at the ophthalmology clinic at Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Department of Ophthalmology, Mlndal.


'/>"/>

Contact: Charles Hanson
charles.hanson@obgyn.gu.se
46-313-423-572
University of Gothenburg
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Tortoise and the hare: New drug stops rushing cancer cells, slow and steady healthy cells unharmed
2. New function of a bacterial photoresponsive protein: Resisting adhesion of mammalian cells
3. Breakthrough in designing cheaper, more efficient catalysts for fuel cells
4. How cells brace themselves for starvation
5. Live from the thymus: T-cells on the move
6. Synthetic protein amplifies genes needed for stem cells
7. Exercise triggers stem cells in muscle
8. Human immune cells react sensitively to stress
9. Lungs clothed in fresh cells offer new hope for transplant patients
10. New technology allows scientists to watch cancer cells in action at unprecedented resolution
11. Grape seed extract kills head and neck cancer cells, leaves healthy cells unharmed
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Stem cells can repair a damaged cornea
(Date:3/14/2016)... Allemagne, March 14, 2016 ... - --> - Renvoi : image disponible ... --> --> DERMALOG, ... fournit de nouveaux lecteurs d,empreintes digitales pour l,enregistrement ... DERMALOG sera utilisé pour produire des cartes d,identité ...
(Date:3/10/2016)... 10, 2016   Unisys Corporation (NYSE: UIS ... (CBP) is testing its biometric identity solution at the ... to help identify certain non-U.S. citizens leaving the country. ... designed to help determine the efficiency and accuracy of using ... and will run until May 2016. --> ...
(Date:3/8/2016)... March 8, 2016   Valencell , the ... announced it has secured $11M in Series D ... a new venture fund being launched by UAE-based ... from existing investors TDF Ventures and WSJ Joshua ... continue its triple-digit growth and accelerate its pioneering ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/2/2016)... ... May 02, 2016 , ... Meister ... mind, the fresh look and added functionality give the agricultural world a taste ... a dynamic shift in agriculture – from precision farming via satellites and Unmanned ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... Italy (PRWEB) , ... April 30, 2016 , ... The ... extraordinary textile design, the bioLogic team explored how bacterial properties can be applied to ... of using Natto bacteria, which move in response to humidity change. The team harvested ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... , April 29, 2016 ... Transparency Market Research "Separation Systems for Commercial Biotechnology ... Trends, and Forecast 2015 - 2023", the separation ... US$ 10,665.5 Mn in 2014 and is projected ... 2015 to 2023 to reach US$ 19,227.8 Mn ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... April 29, 2016 , ... Intelligent Implant ... by the FDA via 510(k) for sale in the United States. These components ... posterior thoraco-lumbar fusions. With one-level sales beginning in October of 2015, the company ...
Breaking Biology Technology: