Navigation Links
Stable climate and plant domestication linked
Date:1/12/2010

Sustainable farming and the introduction of new crops relies on a relatively stable climate, not dramatic conditions attributable to climate change. Basing their argument on evolutionary, ecological, genetic and agronomic considerations, Dr. Shahal Abbo, from the Levi Eshkol School of Agriculture at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel, and colleagues, demonstrate why climate change is not the likely cause of plant domestication in the Near East. Rather, the variety of crops in the Near East was chosen to function within the normal east Mediterranean rainfall pattern, in which good rainy years create enough surplus to sustain farming communities during drought years. In the authors' view, climate change is unlikely to induce major cultural changes. Their thesis is published online in Springer's journal Vegetation History and Archaeobotany.

Climate-based explanations for the beginning of new agricultural practices give environmental factors a central role, as prime movers for the cultural-economic change known as the Near Eastern Neolithic or Agricultural Revolution (about 8500 B.C., 10500 cal. B.P.*). Dr. Abbo and team studied the traditional farming systems which existed until the early twentieth century in the Near East, looking for insights into the agronomic basis of the early days of Near Eastern farming, and to shed light on the possible role of climatic factors as stimuli for the Agricultural Revolution.

Their detailed analysis demonstrates that climate change could not have been the reason for the emergence of grain farming in the Near East. They find that farming requires a relatively stable climate to function as a sustainable economy and therefore is not a sustainable option in times of climatic deterioration.

The authors conclude, "We argue against climate change being at the origin of Near Eastern agriculture and believe that a slow but real climatic change is unlikely to induce revolutionary cultural changes."


'/>"/>

Contact: Joan Robinson
joan.robinson@springer.com
49-622-148-78130
Springer
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Lifelong memories linked to stable nerve connections
2. Stable plaque or heart attack plaque? USC researcher builds new sensor to tell which is which
3. Evolution still scientifically stable
4. Trading energy for safety, bees extend legs to stay stable in wind
5. Dr. Andrew Constable awarded 2008 Pew Fellowship in marine conservation
6. Coral can recover from climate change damage
7. Climate debate: Whats warming us up? Human activity or Mother Nature?
8. Innovation boost to tackle climate change
9. Bowman creates graphic translation of climate change data
10. New discoveries could improve climate projections
11. Space agencies join forces to systematically observe climate variables
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/2/2017)... 2017  Central to its deep commitment to ... The Japan Prize Foundation today announced the laureates ... the envelope in their respective fields of Life ... are being recognized with the 2017 Japan Prize ... contribute to the advancement of science and technology, ...
(Date:1/26/2017)... -- Acuity Market Intelligence today released the 2017 "Ten ... characterizes 2017 as a "breakout" year for biometrics ... new understanding of the potential benefits these technologies ... are often perceived as threats to privacy and ... Acuity Market intelligence. "However, taken together these technologies ...
(Date:1/21/2017)... 20, 2017 Research and Markets has announced ... report to their offering. ... The global voice recognition biometrics market to grow ... The report covers the present scenario and the growth prospects ... the market size, the report considers the revenue generated from the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/17/2017)... 17, 2017  BioGenex, a global leader in ... a novel system for quantitative immunohistochemistry (IHC). The ... of Rochester (NY, USA) and Konica-Minolta Inc. ( ... is able to accurately quantify the expression of ... growth factor receptor-2) in clinical samples. Quantitative IHC ...
(Date:2/16/2017)... ... February 16, 2017 , ... Avomeen & MichBio will be ... will be held at Avomeen Analytical Services (4840 Venture Dr., Ann Arbor, Michigan 48108). ... They provide an opportunity to interact with peers, make new connections and talk bio ...
(Date:2/16/2017)... 16, 2017 Research and Markets ... Global Markets" report to their offering. ... ... biobrick parts, delivery plasmids, chassis organisms, synthetic cells, production ... genome editing, bioinformatics and specialty media) and enabled technologies ...
(Date:2/16/2017)... Feb. 16, 2017  Dermata Therapeutics, LLC, a ... treat a variety of dermatological diseases, today announced ... financing and entered into a $5 million credit ... to use the capital for general corporate purposes ... in the treatment of serious diseases treated by ...
Breaking Biology Technology: