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Sound research at acoustical society meeting
Date:10/18/2011

nts, though the negative effect was not observed among the third-grade students. The presentation 1aAA9, "Impacts of classroom acoustics on elementary student achievement," will be presented in the morning session on Monday, Oct. 31.

Abstract: http://asa.aip.org/web2/asa/abstracts/search.oct11/asa9.html

Highlights: Tuesday, November 1

Chimpanzee studies suggest speech perception ability not a uniquely human trait: Experience is a powerful teaching tool: practice remodels neural connections and leads to mastery. Now scientists suggest that it is early experience with language and not special innate cognitive ability that allows humans to process and perceive speech while their closest evolutionary relatives, chimpanzees, do not. Traditionally, the human brain has been thought to be uniquely adapted to perceive and process speech patterns, a trait widely regarded as an evolutionary phenomenon separating humans from other primates. However, a 25-year-old language-trained chimp named Panzee has recently demonstrated the ability to interpret highly distorted speech sounds in a similar manner to humans. These data provide evidence that the capacity for speech perception may have existed in a common ancestor. "I think our results just reinforce the fact that experience matters. Humans maybe do not perceive speech because they are human, but instead because of the tremendous amount of experience they have with it from birth," explains Lisa Heimbauer, a Ph.D. candidate and researcher at Georgia State University's Language Research Center. Heimbauer and her colleagues, Drs. Michael Owren and Michael Beran, also of Georgia State University, hope to better understand the mechanisms used by young children to process and produce speech. The presentation 2aAB9, "A chimpanzee responds best to sine-wave speech with formant tones 1 and 2 present," will be in the morning session o
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Contact: Charles E. Blue
cblue@aip.org
301-209-3091
American Institute of Physics
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

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