Navigation Links
Some 'healthy' vegetable oils may actually increase risk of heart disease
Date:11/11/2013

Some vegetable oils that claim to be healthy may actually increase the risk of heart disease, and Health Canada should reconsider cholesterol-lowering claims on food labelling, states an analysis in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

Replacing saturated animal fats with polyunsaturated vegetable oils has become common practice because they can reduce serum cholesterol levels and help prevent heart disease. In 2009, Health Canada's Food Directorate, after reviewing published evidence, approved a request from the food industry to apply a heart disease risk reduction claim on vegetable oils and foods containing these oils. The label suggests "a reduced risk of heart disease by lowering blood cholesterol levels."

"Careful evaluation of recent evidence, however, suggests that allowing a health claim for vegetable oils rich in omega-6 linoleic acid but relatively poor in omega-3 α-linolenic acid may not be warranted," write Drs. Richard Bazinet, Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Toronto and Michael Chu, Lawson Health Research Institute and Division of Cardiac Surgery, Western University, London, Ontario.

Corn and safflower oil, which are rich in omega-6 linoleic acid but contain almost no omega-3 α-linolenic acid, are not associated with beneficial effects on heart health according to recent evidence. The authors cite a study published earlier this year in February 2013 " in which the intervention group replaced saturated fat with sources of safflower oil or safflower oil margarine (rich in omega-6 linoleic acid but low in omega-3 α-linoleic acid). They found that the intervention group had serum cholesterol levels that were significantly decreased (by about 8%-13%) relative to baseline and the control group, which is consistent with the health claim." However, rates of death from all causes of cardiovascular disease and coronary artery disease significantly increased in the treatment group.

In Canada, omega-6 linoleic acid is found in corn and safflower oils as well as foods such as mayonnaise, margarine, chips and nuts. Canola and soybean oils, which contain both linoleic and α-linolenic acids, are the most common forms of oil in the Canadian diet. " it is unclear whether oils rich in omega-6 linoleic acid but low in omega-3 α-linolenic acid also reduce this risk. We suggest that the health claim be modified such that foods rich in omega-6 linoleic acid but poor in omega-3 α-linolenic acid be excluded," conclude the authors.


'/>"/>

Contact: Michael Kennedy
m.kennedy@utoronto.ca
416-946-5025
University of Toronto
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Robotic advances promise artificial legs that emulate healthy limbs
2. UAlberta medical researchers discover how immune system kills healthy cells
3. DO-HEALTH a multi-center clinical trial on healthy ageing achieves first milestone
4. Black bears return to Missouri indicates healthy forests
5. Taste rules for kids and healthy food choices
6. Toxic waste sites cause healthy years of life lost
7. Preordering lunch increases healthy entree selection in elementary schools
8. Exercise or make dinner? Study finds adults trade one healthy act for another
9. A hijacking of healthy cellular circuits
10. Unhealthy eating can make a bad mood worse
11. Stronger support needed for healthy beverage practices in child care
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/28/2016)... 28, 2016 First quarter 2016:   ... compared with the first quarter of 2015 The gross ... M (loss: 18.8) and the operating margin was 40% (-13) ... Cash flow from operations was SEK 249.9 M (21.2) , ... is unchanged, SEK 7,000-8,500 M. The operating margin for ...
(Date:4/15/2016)... April 15, 2016 Research ... Gait Biometrics Market 2016-2020,"  report to their offering.  ... ) , ,The global gait biometrics market is ... during the period 2016-2020. Gait analysis ... can be used to compute factors that are ...
(Date:3/29/2016)... LegacyXChange, Inc. (OTC: LEGX ... Protect are pleased to announce our successful effort to ... of writing instruments, ensuring athletes signatures against counterfeiting and ... athletes on LegacyXChange will be assured of ongoing proof ... Bill Bollander , CEO states, "By inserting ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/3/2016)... Los Angeles, Calif (PRWEB) , ... May 03, ... ... network of industry leading fertility clinics and IVF laboratories. A contingency of reproductive ... Fertility™ to treat men and women experiencing infertility and to help them build ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... Como, Italy (PRWEB) , ... April 30, 2016 , ... ... their extraordinary textile design, the bioLogic team explored how bacterial properties can be applied ... ways of using Natto bacteria, which move in response to humidity change. The team ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... April 29, 2016 , ... Summit for ... to support the development of a patient-specific stem cell therapy for the treatment of ... lab of Dr. Jeanne Loring at The Scripps Research Institute in San Diego, CA. ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... ... April 28, 2016 , ... ... for Connecticut's innovative, growing companies, today announced the launch of VentureClash , ... (fintech) companies. , “VentureClash looks to attract the best early-stage companies ...
Breaking Biology Technology: