Navigation Links
'Smart growth' strategies curb car use, greenhouse gas emissions, SF State study suggests
Date:9/13/2012

A new study finds that smart growth approaches to urban planning could substantially reduce the number of miles that residents drive in a year. The research was published this week in The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy.

Smart growth focuses on the development of compact, walkable cities with houses and jobs located close together. By shortening residents' commutes, this form of urban design aims to cut transportation-related energy use and greenhouse gas emissions. California is already pursuing smart growth in order to meet emissions reductions set by the state's Global Warming Solutions Act (AB 32).

In a behavioral economics study, researchers at San Francisco State University found that a 10 percent increase in a city's smart growth features -- including housing density, jobs per capita and public transit infrastructure -- would lead to a 20 percent decrease in the number of vehicle miles traveled per household, per year.

"We found that changing the way cities are designed would significantly reduce travel demand," said Sudip Chattopadhyay, professor and chair of economics at SF State. "People's travel habits would change, and they would drive less."

These latest results stand in contrast to previous studies that have suggested that smart growth only has a small impact on transport demand. Chattopadhyay says that in the past economists have struggled to find the right methodologies to understand how people's behavior changes in response to urban planning.

For the present study, Chattopadhyay developed an innovative way to predict people's behavior, particularly how people make decisions about where to live. The study focused on 18 urban areas across the United States and used census data and information from the 2001 National Household Travel Survey and the National Transit Database.

The study found that smart growth strategies yield greater reductions in car use compared to the use of fuel tax increases. It suggests that a 10 percent increase in the dollar cost of driving one mile would result in an 18 percent decrease in annual vehicle miles traveled per household, compared to a 20 percent decrease from smart growth strategies.

"It's only a few percent points but it is a significant difference," Chattopadhyay said. "Smart growth is a more gradual, long-lasting change and it generates employment. Tax increases can be implemented more quickly but they are subject to change depending on the political situation."

Chattopadhyay notes that there are other benefits of smart growth not measured in his study. Neighborhood design that encourages walking, for example, may improve residents' health, and the development of compact cities might prevent urban sprawl and help preserve open space.


'/>"/>

Contact: Elaine Bible
ebible@sfsu.edu
415-405-3606
San Francisco State University
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. A smart fabric sets off the alarm
2. Project MICREAgents: Self-assembling smart microscopic reagents to pioneer pourable electronics
3. WaterSMART funds $1.7 million for science projects in desert and southern Rockies LCCs
4. New genomic sequencing method enables smarter anaysis of individual cells
5. Harvards Wyss Institute to develop smart suit that improves soldiers physical endurance
6. Pioneering self-contained smart village offers world model for rural poverty relief
7. F1000 Research partners with figshare to provide smart ways of accessing data
8. Real smart: Protective clothing with built-in A/C
9. Hulk protein, Grb10, controls muscle growth
10. Breast milk promotes a different gut flora growth than infant formulas
11. Common antifungal drug decreases tumor growth and shows promise as cancer therapy
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/16/2016)... , Dec 16, 2016 Research and ... System Market - Global Forecast to 2021" report to their ... The ... to grow at a CAGR of 14.06% from 2016 to 2021. ... and is projected to reach 854.8 Million by 2021. The growth ...
(Date:12/15/2016)... Germany , December 15, 2016 ... provider, today announced an agreement with NuData Security, an ... forces. The partnership will enable clients to focus on good ... local data protection regulation. ... In order to provide a one-stop fraud ...
(Date:12/15/2016)... Dec 15, 2016 ... Research and Markets has announced the addition of ... The report forecasts the global military biometrics market to ... The report has been prepared based on an in-depth market analysis ... its growth prospects over the coming years. The report also includes a ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... January 19, 2017 , ... ... services spanning the full spectrum of drug and device development, and Prism ... pharma/device companies and clinicians, today announced Verified Clinical Trials (VCT) has ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... , Jan. 18, 2017  Northwest Biotherapeutics, Inc. (OTCQB: ... personalized immune therapies for operable and inoperable solid tumor ... Chief Technical Officer of NW Bio, will present at ... 2017, at the Hyatt Regency Hotel in ... chair the session entitled "New Therapeutic Approaches – Expanding ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... 2017 BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company) (NYSE: ... will host a live webcast of its Annual Meeting of Shareholders ... The webcast can be accessed from the BD corporate website ... January 31, 2017. ... About BD BD is a global medical technology company ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... January 18, 2017 According to a new market research ... Cytology, Infectious Disease), & End User (Molecular Diagnostic Laboratories, Academic and Research Institutions) ... reach USD 739.9 Million by 2021 from USD 557.1 Million in 2016, growing ... ... MarketsandMarkets Logo ...
Breaking Biology Technology: