Navigation Links
Small streams mitigate human influence on coastal ecosystems
Date:3/12/2008

Healthy streams play a major role in minimizing the amount of human-generated pollutants, such as nitrogen, that are delivered downstream. This ecosystem service is valuable; excess nitrogen degrades lakes and coastal oceans by stimulating algal blooms and depleting the water of oxygen. This phenomenon, also known as eutrophication, threatens fisheries around the world.

This week, a team of scientists that included Cary Institute ecologists Dr. Stuart E.G. Findlay and Dr. Amy Burgin published a Nature paper cautioning against policies and practices that result in intensive nitrogen loading to streams. Thirty-one researchers participated in the effort, which was headed by Dr. Patrick Mulholland of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Their recommendation is based on findings that stream networks are effective nitrogen filters, but they cannot keep pace when they are directly overloaded by nitrogen from fertilizer or human waste.

Using a non-radioactive nitrogen isotope (N-15), the research team traced the fate of nitrate additions in 72 streams across multiple land use conditions (e.g., urban, agricultural, natural conditions) in the continental U.S. and Puerto Rico. The tracer let scientists measure how far the nitrate traveled and what processes removed it from the water. At low-to-moderate addition levels, streams were effective at minimizing nitrate export downstream; under high-loading rates this efficiency collapsed.

Within the streams, nitrate was removed by two pathways. It was taken from the stream water by tiny aquatic organisms, such as algae, fungi, and bacteria. Or it was permanently removed by a bacterial process called denitrification. This occurs when microbes in the stream bed convert nitrate to nitrogen gas (N2), allowing it to return in an inert form to the atmosphere

The researchers also developed a model that predicts nitrate removal as water flows from small streams to larger rivers, and ultimately the ocean. The model showed that removal was most effective when nitrate entered small healthy streams and traveled through a stream network before reaching larger water bodies. Participants concluded that, by minimizing the amount of nitrogen pollution exported downstream, streams play a key role in reducing eutrophication in lakes and coastal waters.

By protecting and restoring stream ecosystems, we can maintain or enhance their nitrogen removal capabilities. But, as with any service, overuse can lead to failure. Findlay notes, We should be cautious about using a streams cleansing ability to solve human-generated water quality problems. It is akin to treating the symptoms of a problem rather than the underlying cause, which includes intense agricultural practices and poorly planned development. Our results show streams can help us use natural resources, but this capacity has its limits.


'/>"/>

Contact: Lori Quillen
Quillenl@ecostudies.org
845-677-7600
Institute of Ecosystem Studies
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Penn engineers create carbon nanopipettes that are smaller than cells and measure electric current
2. Iowa State researchers look for smaller, cheaper, 1-dose vaccines
3. Small RNA plays parallel roles in bacterial metabolism
4. Identification of a novel class of (not-so) small RNAs
5. Sweet potato shines as new promise for small enterprise and hunger relief in developing countries
6. Small-scale fishing in Mexico rivals industrial fisheries in accidental turtle deaths
7. Research shows loggerhead sea turtles threatened by small-scale fishing operations
8. Cilia: small organelles, big decisions
9. 2007 ozone hole smaller than usual
10. New molecular clock from LLNL and CDC indicates smallpox evolved earlier than believed
11. Handbook of small grain insects available now
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Small streams mitigate human influence on coastal ecosystems
(Date:6/2/2016)... Perimeter Surveillance & Detection Systems, ... Infrastructure, Support & Other Service  The latest ... comprehensive analysis of the global Border Security market ... of $17.98 billion in 2016. Now: In ... in software and hardware technologies for advanced video surveillance. ...
(Date:5/16/2016)... 2016   EyeLock LLC , a market leader ... of an IoT Center of Excellence in ... development of embedded iris biometric applications. EyeLock,s ... and security with unmatched biometric accuracy, making it the ... DNA. EyeLock,s platform uses video technology to deliver a ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... BANGALORE, India , April 28, 2016 ... subsidiary of Infosys (NYSE: INFY ), and Samsung ... global partnership that will provide end customers with a ... and payment services.      (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20130122/589162 ... for financial services, but it also plays a fundamental part ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June 23, 2016   Boston ... of novel compounds designed to target cancer stemness ... has been granted Orphan Drug Designation from the ... treatment of gastric cancer, including gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) ... inhibitor designed to inhibit cancer stemness pathways by ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June 23, 2016 Houston Methodist ... the Cy-Fair Sports Association to serve as their ... agreement, Houston Methodist Willowbrook will provide sponsorship support, ... connectivity with association coaches, volunteers, athletes and families. ... the Cy-Fair Sports Association and to bring Houston ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June, 23, 2016  The Biodesign Challenge (BDC), ... new ways to harness living systems and biotechnology, announced ... (MoMA) in New York City . ... participating students, showcased projects at MoMA,s Celeste Bartos Theater ... Antonelli , MoMA,s senior curator of architecture and design, ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... OTTAWA, ON (PRWEB) , ... June 23, 2016 , ... ... former DNA Technical Leader at the Arkansas State Crime Laboratory, has joined STACS DNA ... joining the STACS DNA team,” said Jocelyn Tremblay, President and COO of STACS DNA. ...
Breaking Biology Technology: