Navigation Links
Small molecules shed light on cancer therapies
Date:8/22/2011

Patients suffering from an aggressive brain cancer will benefit from the results of a University of Illinois study that could advance the development of targeted gene therapies and improve prognosis.

"We have advanced the understanding of the role of microRNAs on glioblastoma multiforme, a deadly brain cancer, by studying the networks between the microRNAs and their target genes associated with different stages of cancer development and progression," said Kristin Delfino, a U of I doctoral candidate in animal science with a focus in genetics and bioinformatics.

What exactly are microRNAs? microRNAs are small, non-coding RNA molecules that regulate the expression of genes such as oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes. U of I researchers used a novel approach to identify the simultaneous association between tens of thousands of microRNAs, target genes, and glioblastoma progression and survival.

Delfino integrated clinical information such as race, gender, therapy, survival, and cancer stage from 253 patients together with genome-wide microRNA and gene expression data.

"We looked at the big picture and how microRNAs work together," Delfino said. "When you look at a single microRNA alone, it can seem significant. But when you evaluate it in the context of all other microRNAs, some turn out to be more significant and others may not be as significant as they appear on their own. The systems biology approach that we implemented is critical for understanding the gene pathways influencing cancer."

The study evaluated 534 microRNAs together, unlike the typical method of studying one at a time. They confirmed 25 microRNAs previously associated with glioblastoma survival and identified 20 other microRNAs associated with initiation or growth of other cancer types such as breast cancer, ovarian cancer and gastric adenocarcinoma.

"These findings suggest common pathways that can be targeted with similar drugs already developed and tested for other cancers," said Sandra Rodriguez Zas, co-researcher and U of I professor of animal science and bioinformatics.

In addition, researchers found that some of the microRNA biomarkers of survival are personalized, Rodriguez Zas said. This means that they are particularly useful for patients of a specific race, gender or therapy. Other microRNAs are equally effective regardless of the clinical conditions of the patient.

"These biomarkers can serve as the basis to dig deeper into cancer studies," Delfino said. "Cancer affects us all in one way or another. Unfortunately, we still don't know how it's caused, what takes place when it is caused and how to cure it. But these biomarkers give us guidance into developing specific gene therapies to target glioblastoma."

Today patients can easily and cheaply be screened for microRNA and target gene levels, Rodriguez Zas said.

"Based on our research, that information can be used to select the most effective therapy and develop prognosis strategies," Rodriguez-Zas said.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jennifer Shike
jshike@illinois.edu
217-244-0888
University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Disordered networks synchronise faster than small world networks
2. Sneaky squid: Why small males have big sperm
3. TREW Marketing Introduces Smart Marketing for Engineers, a Free Guidebook for Small Businesses Targeting Technical Audiences
4. Study shows small-scale fisheries impact on marine life
5. Being small has its advantages, if you are a leaf
6. Researchers engineer functioning small intestine in laboratory experiments
7. Treatment approach to human Usher syndrome: Small molecules ignore stop signals
8. Transport Phenomena and Membrane Digestion in Small Intestinal Mucosa by Pensoft
9. Oceans harmful low-oxygen zones growing, are sensitive to small changes in climate
10. Wired for sound: A small fishs brain illustrates how people and other vertebrates produce sounds
11. Small change makes a big difference for ion channels
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/20/2017)... 2017 At this year,s CeBIT Chancellor Dr. ... DERMALOG. The Chancellor came to the DERMALOG stand together with the Japanese ... CeBIT partner country. At the largest German biometrics company the two government ... and iris recognition as well as DERMALOG´s multi-biometrics system.   ... ...
(Date:3/9/2017)... and MOUNTAIN VIEW, Calif. ... "Eating Well Made Simple," and 23andMe , the ... guide better food choices.  Zipongo can now provide customers ... food preferences, health goals and biometrics, but also genetic ... food choices. Zipongo,s personalized food decision support ...
(Date:3/2/2017)... 2017 Summary This report provides ... KGaA and its partnering interests and activities since 2010. ... Description The Partnering Deals and Alliance since 2010 report ... one of the world,s leading life sciences companies. ... to ensure inclusion of the most up to date ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:3/29/2017)... and PETACH TIKVAH, ... -- BrainStorm Cell Therapeutics Inc. (NASDAQ: BCLI), a ... for neurodegenerative diseases, announced financial results for ... "2016 was a highly successful and ... achievements and significant progress made on clinical, ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... , March 29, 2017  Halozyme Therapeutics, Inc. ... and drug-delivery therapies, today announced that an Oncologic ... Drug Administration voted 11 to 0 that the ... injection was favorable for patients in the proposed ... and chronic lymphocytic leukemia. The FDA action date ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... CT (PRWEB) , ... March 29, 2017 , ... Bactana ... and hormones in the world’s food supply through enhancement of the gut microbiota, today ... round included Connecticut Innovations , New York-based Sustainable Income Capital Management, LLC and ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... March 29, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -  GeneNews Limited (TSX:GEN) ("GeneNews" ... , a new risk stratification test for breast cancer, via ... Diagnostics Laboratory ("IDL"). BreastSentry incorporates a blood-based biomarker test with ... risk for developing breast cancer.   ... BreastSentry measures the fasting plasma ...
Breaking Biology Technology: