Navigation Links
Significant weight-loss from surgery decreases risk for cardiovascular disease in women
Date:9/16/2010

Significant weight loss not only improves daily life of morbidly obese woman but also decreases the risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, many people can not lose weight or can not maintain weight loss without help. Bariatric surgery is emerging as a valuable procedure to help morbidly obese individuals lose weight, as studies have shown; it can improve many health profiles and lower mortality. Now, researchers have found another positive impact of significant weight loss after bariatric surgery: it can significantly improve the lipoprotein profiles of women within a year following surgery. This study, conducted by a team of scientists from Tufts University, the University of California-Davis and Oregon Health and Sciences Center, appears in the August Journal of Lipid Research.

Bariatric surgical procedures, such as gastric bypass surgery, have been shown to be an effective intervention to help individuals with morbid obesity lose weight and maintain the loss. Studies on people who have undergone the procedure have found that in addition to facilitating physical weight loss and lowering body fat, bariatric surgery also improves other health parameters, including heart rate, hypertension, and insulin sensitivity, and often result in resolution of type 2 diabetes.

Another area that is correlated with obesity and is a significant heart disease risk is the concentration of lipoproteins the cholesterol-containing LDL/HDL and related moleculesin the blood.

However, the effect of bariatric surgery on key lipoprotein markers for CVD has not been thoroughly investigated.

So, Bela Asztalos at Tufts' Human Nutrition Research Center and his colleagues analyzed the plasma samples for a number of lipids and lipoproteins and other markers for CVD in 19 obese female volunteers who underwent gastric bypass surgery prior to and after one year following surgery, as well as in samples from19 age-matched lean female control subjects. As expected, the baseline concentrations of triglycerides, glucose and insulin were significantly higher in obese than in normal-weight women, whereas HDL-cholesterol and apolipoprotein A-I levels were significantly lower.

Following an initial reduction of HDL at one month post surgery, most likely resulting from an early marked negative energy balance, plasma lipids and lipoproteins changed beneficially over the course of the year. Eventually they showed significant improvements comparable to individuals taking statin drugs (concentration of total HDL C increased by nearly 25% while the large, cholesterol-rich α-1 HDL particles, inversely associated with risk for CVD in previous studies, increased by as much as 177% over baseline levels). These increases coincided with reductions in body mass index, body adiposity, plasma triglycerides, and the LDL/HDL ratio. It is worth noting that the improvements of the HDL profile were significantly correlated with the improvements in glucose homeostasis indicating that lipid and glucose metabolisms are closely linked.

The authors note this initial investigation into the effects of weight loss/bariatric surgery on HDL remodeling does have some limitations, including that the observed improvements may not be applicable to men without further studies in male patients. Neither did the study track post-surgery diet, exercise and alcohol intake. However, this study does seem to indicate that beyond the decreases of body weight and fat mass, and the known beneficial effects on insulin sensitivity and glucose metabolism, weight loss/bariatric surgery can improve a number of lipid parameters associated with cardiovascular health and decreased risk for CVD in these weight-reduced patients.


'/>"/>

Contact: Nick Zagorski
nzagorski@asbmb.org
301-634-7366
American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. New studies find global warming will have significant economic impacts on Florida coasts
2. Greenhouse gas auction revenues can help cut Md. electric use significantly, says study
3. Annual Bibliography of Significant Advances in Dietary Supplement Research 2007
4. Men with wives, significant others more likely to be screened for prostate cancer
5. Long-term use of diabetes drugs by women significantly increases risk of fractures
6. More accurate FEMA flood maps could help avoid significant damages and losses
7. New data suggest jumping genes play a significant role in gene regulatory networks
8. Rett Syndrome Research Trust advisor makes significant discovery
9. Salient Stills Notches Significant Advances in Profitability, Diversity of Sales and Customers, and Video Forensics Technology in 2008
10. In the warming West, climate most significant factor in fanning wildfires flames
11. Brain malformations significantly associated with preterm birth, Wake Forest research shows
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/1/2016)... Feb. 1, 2016  Today, the first day of ... plans to develop a first of its kind workplace ... IBM Watson. In the first application of ... IBM ), and Welltok will create a new ... with cognitive analytics, delivered on Welltok,s health optimization platform. ...
(Date:1/25/2016)... Software, the world-leading supplier of image data management solutions ... data management solution OMERO Plus for the newly established ... Photo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160125/325328LOGO ... analysis measures the characteristics and behavior of cells, tissues ... as health and disease, the presence or absence of ...
(Date:1/20/2016)... 20, 2016   MedNet Solutions , an innovative ... of clinical research, is pleased to announce the attainment ... are the result of the company,s laser focus on ... , it,s comprehensive, easy-to-use and highly affordable cloud-based ... Key MedNet growth achievements in 2015 include: ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/5/2016)... , February 5, 2016 ... a biotechnology company focused on developing products for Regenerative ... requested Rare Pediatric Disease Designation (RPDD) from the US ... (RP) with MANF. MANF was previously granted orphan drug ... --> Amarantus BioScience Holdings, Inc. ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... 2016 - New FDA action date of ... FDA action date of July 22, 2016   ... 22, 2016   - Lifitegrast has ... indicated for the treatment of signs and symptoms of dry eye ... potential to be the only product approved in the U.S. in the past decade indicated ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... ... February 04, 2016 , ... ... University’s Digital Forensics Club, takes place February 5-6 at the University’s student ... speakers and activities such as workshops and competitions for ample networking, learning ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... VANCOUVER, British Columbia and MENLO PARK, ... Inc. (OTCQX: DMPI) ("DelMar" and the "Company"), a biopharmaceutical ... therapies, today announced that it will present at the ... on Monday, February 8, 2016 at 10:00 a.m. EST in ... Jeffrey Bacha , DelMar,s president and CEO, will provide an ...
Breaking Biology Technology: