Navigation Links
Signal like you mean it
Date:6/17/2010

Great ape gestures have intentional meaning and are made with the expectation of specific behavioral responses, according to Erica Cartmill and Richard Byrne from the University of St. Andrews in the UK. The study[1] of meaning in animal communication takes a significant step forward with the authors' new systematic approach to assessing intentional meaning in the gestural communication of non-humans, applied here to a group of orangutan gestures. Their work is published in Springer's journal Animal Cognition.

The first section of this paper sets out their proposed method (goal-outcome matching) which takes into account the apparent aim of the gesturing individual as well as the reaction of the recipient that apparently satisfies the signaller. Where the two match consistently, across examples of a particular gesture, an intentional meaning is identified for that gesture.

The authors then applied this approach to a sample of orangutan gestures to identify gestures that are used predictably to induce specific reactions and to begin a lexicon of orangutan gestures and their intentional meanings.

The researchers observed 28 orangutans in three European zoos Twycross Zoo in the UK, Apenheul Primate Park in the Netherlands and Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust in Jersey for nine months. They identified 64 gesture types, 40 used frequently enough to be analyzed for meaning. These 40 gestures were used predictably to achieve one of six social goals: to initiate an interaction (contact, grooming or play), request objects, share objects, instigate joint movement (co-locomotion), cause a partner to move back, or stop an action.

The researchers then tested their analysis by examining what the gesturing ape did when the response to its gesture did not match the gesture's meaning, as deduced by the goal-outcome matching method. They found that the apes were more persistent with their gestures when their partner did not respond in the intended way.

The authors conclude: "Orangutan gestures are made with the expectation of specific behavioral responses and thus have intentional meaning as well as functional consequences. The level of specificity we were able to identify in the intentional meanings of orangutan gestures resulted from our novel use of goal-outcome matching as a means of incorporating signaler intentions into the analysis of signal meaning. When paired with a high frequency of intentional use, goal-outcome matching is a strong tool for identifying intentional meaning."


'/>"/>

Contact: Corinna Schaefer
corinna.schaefer@springer.com
49-622-148-78414
Springer
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. New bacterial signaling molecule could lead to improved vaccines
2. Using a pests chemical signals to control it
3. Size matters: Eavesdropping on sexual signals
4. Schizophrenia drugs raise the volume of a key signaling system in the brain
5. New tool helps scientists see molecular signals of eye disease before symptoms arise
6. Scientists sever molecular signals that prolific parasite uses to puppeteer cells
7. Depression associated with sustained brain signals
8. Montana State researcher discovers that bile sends mixed signals to E. coli
9. Insulin-like signal needed to keep stem cells alive in adult brain
10. Baby monkeys receive signals through their mothers breast milk
11. New cancer-fighting strategy focuses on signaling molecules
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/3/2016)... , March 3, 2016  FlexTech, a SEMI ... categories of Innovation, Research & Development, Leadership in Education, ... This is the 9 th year of the ... of companies and individuals from past years . ... on a pre-described set of criteria, by a panel ...
(Date:3/2/2016)... http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/wzwqtz/global_biometrics ... "Global Biometrics Market in Hospitality Sector 2016-2020" ... , , Global biometrics market in the ... of around 27%   --> ... addition of the  "Global Biometrics Market in ...
(Date:3/1/2016)... 1, 2016  (RSAC Booth #3041) – True fraud ... $118 billion is lost to false positives, where good ... fraud detection. At the RSA Conference 2016, NuData Security is ... handle authentication by devaluing the data fraudsters have in ... --> --> Cheap ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/27/2016)... ... April 27, 2016 , ... Global Stem Cells Group CEO Benito ... the founder of GSCG affiliate Kimera Labs in Miami. , In 2004, Ross received ... cell transplantation for hematologic disorders and the suppression of graft vs. host disease (GVHD) ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... ReportsnReports.com adds 2016 global ... on US, EU, China ... healthcare business intelligence collection of its growing online ... on the Flow Cytometry market spread across 153 ... tables and figures is now available at ...
(Date:4/26/2016)... ... ... The European Patent Office (EPO) today announced that U.S. Biophysicist ... Inventor Award 2016 in the category "Non-European countries." The winners of the 11th edition ... on June 9th. , The human capacity to walk with fluidity is the sum ...
(Date:4/26/2016)... ... ... This unique "Fertility Happy Hour" event will be held at The Saguaro ... lowdown on female fertility and the reproductive technologies that are empowering a new generation ... - The Arizona Center, will give a short presentation and answer questions about ...
Breaking Biology Technology: