Navigation Links
Sharing musical instruments means sharing germs
Date:5/12/2011

BOSTON (May 12, 2011) Germs survive for several days in wind instruments including the clarinet, flute, and saxophone, according to a pilot study published in the International Journal of Environmental Health Research. The researchers, led by Stuart Levy, MD, of Tufts University School of Medicine, urge proper cleaning of these instruments. The data suggest a need for additional research to determine the conditions for survival of germs on shared musical instruments, especially those with wooden reeds.

"Thousands of children share musical instruments in elementary and high school each year but there is no established standard for cleaning those instruments. We found that disease-causing germs survive on commonly shared instruments for one to two days," said Stuart Levy, MD, professor of molecular biology and microbiology and director of the Center for Adaptation Genetics and Drug Resistance at Tufts University School of Medicine.

"As early as 1957, research showed that wind instruments could hold germs and anecdotal evidence suggests that people who play wind instruments have recurring sore throats and airway inflammation. There are surprisingly few studies, however, that look at the relationship between germ survival on instruments and illness. We tested to see if microorganisms that can cause sickness could survive in or on parts of a used instrument," said first author Bonnie Marshall, MA, MT (medical technology), research associate in the Levy laboratory at Tufts.

The researchers collected samples from 20 clarinets, flutes, and saxophones and found living bacteria as well as mold or yeast on all instruments. Using a pump and an aerosol generator, they simulated playing and applied E. coli, Staphylococcus, and a deactivated strain of tuberculosis bacteria to a clarinet. Culturing bacteria from the clarinet, they found that bacteria survived for hours to a few days. The deactivated strain of tuberculosis bacteria survive
'/>"/>

Contact: Siobhan Gallagher
siobhan.gallagher@tufts.edu
617-636-6586
Tufts University, Health Sciences
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. ESAs Earth observation missions: Sharing teams and facilities boosts efficiency
2. Plants prefer their kin, but crowd out competition when sharing a pot with strangers
3. Aware, Inc. Joins HIMSS10 Interoperability Showcase to Demonstrate Standards-Based Medical Image Sharing
4. BioTorrents: An OA file sharing service and more
5. People want to be asked before sharing genetic data
6. Recommendations issued to counter patent, proprietary barriers to sharing stem cell data
7. Some vocal-mimicking animals, particularly parrots, can move to a musical beat
8. The neurobiology of musicality related to the intrinsic attachment behavior?
9. Study shows that color plays musical chairs in the brain
10. DEIMOS joins MARS and its satellite of instruments on seafloor
11. National Instruments and DENSO Robotics Collaborate to Address New Applications in Industrial Robotics
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:7/23/2014)... The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) today announced ... University of Massachusetts Amherst School of Public Health ... $700,000 Science to Achieve Results (STAR) grant to ... Native subsistence hunters in subarctic North America to ... and to provide culturally-relevant recommendations for mitigation. , ...
(Date:7/23/2014)... crow and the pitcher, a thirsty bird happens upon a ... it, he finds the water level out of his reach. ... drops pebbles into it one at a time ... his fill. , Highlighting the value of ingenuity, the fable ... brute force. It also characterizes crows as pretty resourceful problem ...
(Date:7/23/2014)... The U.S. Department of Defense recently awarded ... $2.6 million grant to support its goal of ... STEMPREP recruits bright, science-minded minority middle school students ... project, then provides high school students with summer ... at SMU,s Annette Caldwell Simmons School of Education ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Studying impacts of indoor air pollution on tribal communities 2Studying impacts of indoor air pollution on tribal communities 3Smarter than a first-grader? 2Smarter than a first-grader? 3Smarter than a first-grader? 4Department of Defense awards $2.6 million grant to SMU STEM program for minority students 2
... are ineffective and their continuation endangers ecosystems that ... worlds population depend, United Nations University experts warn ... for sweeping change. In a blunt assessment, ... Headquarters, New York, UNUs Canadian-based International Network on ...
... Biologist John Smol has been named as one of ... Royal Canadian Geographical Society. His half-brother, biologist Jules Blais, ... one of Canada,s most prestigious in the environmental sciences. ... work to Canadian society. Smol is series ...
... Atmel(R) Corporation (Nasdaq:,ATML), an inventor and leading ... that its FingerChip(R) fingerprint sensor,solution has been selected ... PC.,Rise will showcase this biometrics-capable LCD PC during ... as a standard feature enhances consumer,friendliness in the ...
Cached Biology News:Coastal management cooperation, enforcement key to avoid pending crisis for millions: U.N. experts 2Coastal management cooperation, enforcement key to avoid pending crisis for millions: U.N. experts 3Coastal management cooperation, enforcement key to avoid pending crisis for millions: U.N. experts 4Coastal management cooperation, enforcement key to avoid pending crisis for millions: U.N. experts 5Coastal management cooperation, enforcement key to avoid pending crisis for millions: U.N. experts 6Atmel's FingerChip Biometric Sensor Selected by Rise Computer for its Robust Security 2Atmel's FingerChip Biometric Sensor Selected by Rise Computer for its Robust Security 3
(Date:7/23/2014)... Inc. (NASDAQ: SGMO ) today reported its ... For the second quarter ended June 30, 2014, ... or $0.10 per share, compared to a net loss ... same period in 2013. As of June 30, 2014, ... interest receivable of $236.7 million. Revenues for ...
(Date:7/23/2014)... Heroic worldwide conservation efforts have made great strides in ... in China, there are over 65 giant panda reserves ... But despite these efforts, just 1596 pandas remain in ... and zoos hope to save the panda by improving ... to the wild. Just how are these high-profile programs ...
(Date:7/23/2014)... and Russian Quantum Center at Skolkovo) and Mario ... the Institute of Physics in Bratislava, Slovakia) have ... particles passing through an amplifier and, conversely, when ... provided in an article published in the journal ... Quantum entangled particles are considered to be the ...
(Date:7/23/2014)... Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR), the Vienna University of Technology ... in embedding nearly perfect semiconductor crystals into a ... hybrid nanowires, very fast and multi-functional processing units ... the future. The research results will be published ... Nano-optoelectronics are considered the cornerstone of future chip ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Sangamo BioSciences Reports Second Quarter 2014 Financial Results 2Sangamo BioSciences Reports Second Quarter 2014 Financial Results 3Sangamo BioSciences Reports Second Quarter 2014 Financial Results 4Sangamo BioSciences Reports Second Quarter 2014 Financial Results 5Sangamo BioSciences Reports Second Quarter 2014 Financial Results 6Sangamo BioSciences Reports Second Quarter 2014 Financial Results 7Sangamo BioSciences Reports Second Quarter 2014 Financial Results 8Sangamo BioSciences Reports Second Quarter 2014 Financial Results 9Scientists find way to maintain quantum entanglement in amplified signals 2Scientists find way to maintain quantum entanglement in amplified signals 3Scientists find way to maintain quantum entanglement in amplified signals 4A crystal wedding in the nanocosmos 2
... Va., June 20 Insmed Inc. (Nasdaq:,INSM), a ... it intends to request a hearing before The ... earlier Staff Determination,to delist the Company,s common stock ... a letter from The NASDAQ Stock Market ("NASDAQ") ...
... June 20, 2008 / b3c newswire / ... organization (CMO) for the development and production of ... 2,500 L multi-process production suite. Hence, Rentschler Biotechnologie ... of 30, 250, 500 and 2,500 liters, allowing ...
... InterMune, Inc.,(Nasdaq: ITMN ) today announced that ... InterMune, will present at the Jefferies 2nd,Annual Healthcare Conference ... p.m. EDT., To access a live audio webcast ... on to the investor relations page of InterMune,s,corporate website ...
Cached Biology Technology:Insmed to Request Hearing Before NASDAQ Panel to Review NASDAQ Staff Determination 2Rentschler Biotechnologie Extends Capacities for Mammalian Cell Culture Manufacturing 2
Reported to support murine B lymphocytes, hematopoietic tissue from bone marrow, B cells stimulated with lipopolysaccharide, T lymphocytes, and a variety of hybrid cells....
... Eagle's medium have been developed ... most widely used modification is ... a modification of Minimum Essential ... a higher concentration of vitamins ...
... a fixative useful for routine procedures. Hollandes ... stable and will decalcify small bone specimens. ... be stained successfully with most stains, and ... red blood cell membranes and cosinophil and ...
... Gas Chromatograph/Mass Spectrometer, utilizing many of ... Plus, offers high throughput and excellent ... performance-to-cost ratio. Like the GCMS-QP2010 Plus, ... velocity for optimum separation, 20 temperature ...
Biology Products: