Navigation Links
Sequencing tracks animal-to-human transmission of bacterial pathogens
Date:3/25/2013

HEIDELBERG, 25 March 2013 Researchers have used whole genome sequencing to reveal if drug-resistant bacteria are transmitted from animals to humans in two disease outbreaks that occurred on different farms in Denmark. The results, which are published today in EMBO Molecular Medicine, confirm animal-to-human transmission of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), a disease-causing bacterium that carries the recently described mecC gene. The mecC gene is responsible for resistance to the penicillin-like antibiotic methicillin.

Drug-resistant bacterial infections pose a significant challenge to public health and may have severe and sometimes fatal consequences. As the costs of whole genome sequencing methods continue to plummet and the speed of analysis increases, it becomes increasingly attractive for scientists to use whole genome sequencing to answer disease-related questions.

"We used whole genome sequencing to see if we could determine if the two disease outbreaks were caused by the same bacterium and to investigate if the pathogens were transmitted from animal to humans or the other way around," remarked Mark Holmes, from the University of Cambridge and the senior author on the paper. "At first glance, it seems reasonable to expect the same pathogen to be the source of the two outbreaks at the two geographically close locations. By looking at the single differences in nucleotides or SNPs in the DNA sequences of each isolate, it became obvious that two different strains of bacteria were responsible for the two disease outbreaks. In one case, the results also clearly showed that the most likely direction of transmission was from animal to human."

Methicillin-resistant S. aureus can lead to debilitating skin and soft tissue infections, bacteremia, pneumonia and endocarditis. The researchers used an Illumina HiSeq sequencing system to take a close look at the nucleotide sequence of each pathogen. By comparing single difference in nucleotides in the two sequences (single nucleotide polymorphisms) they were able to reach conclusions about the identity of the pathogens and the routes of infection.

The researchers emphasize that while whole genome sequencing cannot replace other more traditional types of diseases analysis it can greatly increase the ability of scientists to distinguish between different pathogens as the cause of disease.

"Our findings demonstrate that the MRSA strains we studied are capable of transmission between animals and humans, which highlights the role of livestock as a potential reservoir of antibiotic-resistant bacteria," remarked Ewan Harrison, one of the lead authors of the study.


'/>"/>

Contact: Barry Whyte
barry.whyte@embo.org
European Molecular Biology Organization
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Powerful sequencing technology decodes DNA folding pattern
2. Sequencing works in clinical setting to help -- finally -- get a diagnosis
3. The sequencing of the tomato genome
4. DNA Sequencing: Emerging Technologies and Applications
5. Next-generation sequencing technology opens doors to discoveries
6. University of North Texas Health Science Center Advances Forensic Research by Investing in Semiconductor DNA Sequencing Technology
7. Exome sequencing gives cheaper, faster diagnosis in heterogeneous disease
8. An error-eliminating fix overcomes big problem in 3rd-gen genome sequencing
9. Exome sequencing of health condition extremes can reveal susceptibility genes
10. New genomic sequencing method enables smarter anaysis of individual cells
11. US-Russian collaboration develops new method for sequencing dark matter of life from a single cell
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/31/2016)... , March 31, 2016   ... ("LegacyXChange" or the "Company") LegacyXChange is excited ... of its soon to be launched online site for ... https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCyTLBzmZogV1y2D6bDkBX5g ) will also provide potential shareholders a ... DNA technology to an industry that is notorious for ...
(Date:3/29/2016)... LegacyXChange, Inc. (OTC: LEGX ... Protect are pleased to announce our successful effort to ... of writing instruments, ensuring athletes signatures against counterfeiting and ... athletes on LegacyXChange will be assured of ongoing proof ... Bill Bollander , CEO states, "By inserting ...
(Date:3/22/2016)... , March 22, 2016 ... research report "Electronic Sensors Market for Consumer Industry by ... & Others), Application (Communication & IT, Entertainment, ... - Global Forecast to 2022", published by ... is expected to reach USD 26.76 Billion ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... Proove Biosciences, Inc ., ... the launch of the Proove Health Foundation . The Foundation is a ... the use of personalized medicine for tackling the nation’s most-pressing healthcare epidemics. As ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... ... Intelligent Implant Systems announced today that the two-level components for the Revolution™ Spinal ... These components expand the capabilities of the system and allow Revolution™ to be ... 2015, the company has seen significant sales growth in 1Q 2016, and the system ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... ... 28, 2016 , ... Next week on May 5 at ... technologies for tissue stem cell counting and expansion to gene-editing scientists and other ... CRISPR-based Genome Engineering in Burlington, Massachusetts. , The attention of most gene-editing scientists ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... , ... April 27, 2016 , ... The Pittcon Organizing ... 2019. Chuck has been a volunteer member of Committee since 1987. Since then, ... board of directors and treasurer and was chairman for both the program and exposition ...
Breaking Biology Technology: