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Second most common infection in the US proving harder to treat with current antibiotics
Date:11/13/2012

w your state's antibiotic use compares at ResistanceMap.

"While nationally, people are starting to use antibiotics more judiciously, the new findings also show the message might not be reaching everyone. People continue to consume antibiotics at much higher rates in certain parts of the country, and the problem appears to be getting worse," said Laxminarayan. "We're hoping public health officials and health care leaders will be able to use ResistanceMap and the Drug Resistance Index to better target their education efforts to reduce inappropriate use."

High antibiotic use rates could reflect cultural norms in certain regions where consumers demand antibiotics and physicians prescribe them even when they aren't needed. Patients in remote areas may desire antibiotics for a cold or the flu, viruses which can't be treated with an antibiotic, because they have infrequent access to their doctor and want to make sure they get a "cure" on their visit. However, additional research must be done to better understand the driving factors behind antibiotic use.

Other National Findings

Other noteworthy findings from ResistanceMap included:

  • In contrast to the difficulty in treating UTIs, our ability to treat skin infections, another common reason for outpatient visits, has improved since the peak of drug-resistant infections caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in the mid 2000s. At its height, MRSA caused 19,000 deaths a year, but infection rates have declined due to increased awareness and research efforts directed at new therapies and interventions. The new findings underscore the need to refocus the attention of drug developers and policymakers on certain species of drug-resistant organisms, such as the ones analyzed in the study, called Gram-negative bacteria.
  • National use of fluoroquinolones an antibiotic class commonly used to treat respiratory infections such as pneumonia in
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Contact: Dionne Dougall-Bass
dionne@burnesscommunications.com
301-961-5803
Burness Communications
Source:Eurekalert

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