Navigation Links
Second language learners recall native language when reading
Date:6/1/2010

Washington, DC Adults fluent in English whose first language is Chinese retrieve their native language when reading in English, according to new research in the June 2 issue of The Journal of Neuroscience. This study suggests that people who learn a second language in adolescence or later recall the sounds of words from their native language.

The scientists who conducted the study, Yan Jing Wu, PhD, and Guillaume Thierry, PhD, of Bangor University in the United Kingdom, said their work helps researchers understand how the brain manages symbols and sounds in different languages. Thierry explained that although most bilingual people believe they function solely in one language at any given time, these findings show that it is not necessarily the case.

"Bilingual individuals retrieve information from their native language even when it's not necessary, or, even more surprising, when it is counterproductive, since native language information does not help when reading or listening to second-language words," Thierry said.

To learn how two languages interact in a bilingual mind, the authors asked 90 volunteers 30 native Chinese speakers, 30 native English speakers, and 30 Chinese-English bilingual adults who learned English after age 12 to perform a reading and a listening test. The English-speaking volunteers had to decide whether pairs of English words had similar meanings, such as "doctor" and "nurse" or "teacher" and "rabbit." The authors recorded brain activity from electrodes placed on participants' scalps to monitor how their brains responded.

What the authors didn't tell volunteers was that some English words had the same sounds or similar spelling when translated into Chinese. The results showed the bilingual adults responded to words with related meaning as quickly as native English speakers. However, when English words translated into Chinese had similar sounds and were presented to the bilingual volunteers, a specific w
'/>"/>

Contact: Kat Snodgrass
ksnodgrass@sfn.org
202-962-4090
Society for Neuroscience
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Second plant pathway could improve nutrition, biofuel production
2. NTU and Lien Foundation launch second second wave of Environmental Endeavor
3. Measuring protein movements with nanosecond resolution
4. The AACR to host second cancer research conference in Jordan
5. A second hydrocarbon boom threatens the Peruvian Amazon
6. Pacific Biomarkers, Inc. Schedules Second Quarter Conference Call for Friday, February 12, 2010
7. Oral COTI-2 is effective in a second animal model of human pancreatic cancer
8. Secondhand smoke exposure in childhood increases lung cancer risk later in life
9. Exposure to secondhand cigarette smoke over a lifetime increased breast cancer risk later in life
10. A second skin
11. Study in Spain and Romania confirms radon as second leading cause of lung cancer
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Second language learners recall native language when reading
(Date:7/28/2014)... DUBLIN , July 28, 2014 ... the "Biometrics Market in Latin America 2014-2018" ... http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20130307/600769 Biometrics measure and analyze biological ... facial patterns, irises, eye retinas, voice patterns, and hand ... one or more stored templates. The main purpose of ...
(Date:7/28/2014)... Engineering at Harvard University today announced that its ... newly formed private company to accelerate development of ... The announcement follows a worldwide license agreement ... the start-up Emulate Inc., relating to the use ... , "This is a big win towards achieving ...
(Date:7/27/2014)... has revealed that nicotine and cotinine, a metabolite of ... certain carcinogen in smoke. , The carcinogen 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone or ... and ultimately ends up in the tobacco smoke. Once ... where it is activated by a variety of enzymes ... revealed that nicotine can partially interfere with the activation ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Biometrics Market in Latin America 2014-2018 2Wyss Institute's technology translation engine launches 'Organs-on-Chips' company 2Wyss Institute's technology translation engine launches 'Organs-on-Chips' company 3Nicotine found to inhibit DNA-strand break caused by a certain carcinogen in smoke 2
... climate change, researchers at BBSRC-supported Rothamsted Research have shown. ... aphid (Myzus persicae) has been found to be flying ... for January and February combined. This year, the first ... weeks ahead of the 42-year average. This work is ...
... the hundreds of species of woody vines that University of ... of Panama, the largest has a stalk nearly 20 inches ... Schnitzer. "And because it winds itself up to the forest ... as a community of trees." Such vines, called lianas, ...
... health care, computational biology, homeland security and other areas, ... proven cumbersome and difficult. An emerging research field known ... such mountains of information to find and put together ... of Technology has received a five-year grant to lead ...
Cached Biology News:Aphids are sentinels of climate change 2Vine invasion? UWM ecologist looks at coexistence of trees and lianas 2Vine invasion? UWM ecologist looks at coexistence of trees and lianas 3Grant supports emerging field of massive data analysis and visual analytics 2Grant supports emerging field of massive data analysis and visual analytics 3Grant supports emerging field of massive data analysis and visual analytics 4
(Date:7/25/2014)... 2014 Amgen (NASDAQ: AMGN ) ... $0.61 per share dividend for the third quarter of ... 2014, to all stockholders of record as of the ... About Amgen Amgen is committed to unlocking the ... by discovering, developing, manufacturing and delivering innovative human therapeutics. ...
(Date:7/25/2014)... 2014 According to a new market ... - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends and ... is estimated at USD 161,056.5 million in 2014 and ... from 2014 to 2020, to reach an estimated value ... drugs market is witnessing a significant growth due to ...
(Date:7/25/2014)... 2014  Galmed Pharmaceuticals Ltd. (Nasdaq: GLMD ... development and commercialization of a once-daily, oral therapy for ... announced financial results for the period ended June 30, ... , Reported cash and cash equivalents totaling $37.4 million ... 31, 2013.  , Reported a net loss of ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... NY - July 24, 2014 -- Keryx Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. ... the long-term, randomized, active control Phase 3 study of ... phosphate binder, for the treatment of hyperphosphatemia in patients ... study (PhosphatE binding and iRon delivery with FErric CiTrate ... Journal of the American Society of Nephrology ( ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Amgen Announces 2014 Third Quarter Dividend 2Amgen Announces 2014 Third Quarter Dividend 3Biological Drugs Market: Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast 2014 - 2020 2Biological Drugs Market: Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast 2014 - 2020 3Galmed Pharmaceuticals Reports First Half 2014 Financial Results 2Galmed Pharmaceuticals Reports First Half 2014 Financial Results 3Galmed Pharmaceuticals Reports First Half 2014 Financial Results 4Galmed Pharmaceuticals Reports First Half 2014 Financial Results 5Galmed Pharmaceuticals Reports First Half 2014 Financial Results 6Zerenex (ferric citrate) long-term Phase 3 study results published in JASN 2Zerenex (ferric citrate) long-term Phase 3 study results published in JASN 3Zerenex (ferric citrate) long-term Phase 3 study results published in JASN 4
... of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (UWM) have discovered an entirely new ... kid" of the carbon family, graphene. The discovery, ... pushes carbon materials closer to ushering in next-generation ... that resembles a flat sheet of chicken wire ...
... Calif., April 16, 2012 WaferGen Bio-systems, Inc. ... a strategic realignment and new direction for the ... customers to perform accurate high-throughput qPCR projects for ... sequencing in a simpler and more cost-effective way.  ...
... MOORESVILLE, N.C., April 13, 2012 A recent solicitation ... Iosat Potassium Iodide has created a deluge of orders ... for troop support, the 130mg tablets provide protection against ... International concerns about the development of nuclear weaponry in ...
Cached Biology Technology:UWM discovery advances graphene-based electronics 2UWM discovery advances graphene-based electronics 3WaferGen Bio-systems Announces Open Format qPCR Platform and Strategic Realignment 2WaferGen Bio-systems Announces Open Format qPCR Platform and Strategic Realignment 3Potassium Iodide Sales Surge on Heels of Large Government Order 2
... Cell Invasion Assay is designed to determine ... as a significant barrier to invasion or ... in a convenient, high-throughput, 96-well format. The ... all types of adherent cells such as ...
... design in ice/water bath This CLS ... created to easily match Cornings product ... please order under the old Sigma-Aldrich ... for assistance. ID clarifier: rack and ...
Membrane Proteins from over 50 different human Alzheimer, Diabetic, Liver Cirrhosis, and Lupus diseased tissues are available....
... This CLS number is ... to easily match Cornings product ... yet, please order under the ... contact customer service for assistance. ...
Biology Products: