Navigation Links
Scientists utilise breath and sweat to detect trapped humans
Date:9/11/2011

ns such as humidity, heat, and wind strength and direction, making the detection process much more difficult.

By creating a simulator that closely mimicked a real-life scenario, as well as using human participants, the researchers provided the most comprehensive insight into the processes that occur within disaster sites, raising the prospect of more accurate portable detection systems in the future.

The simulator itself was composed of three separate sections: the environmental section, which maintained the air flow, humidity and temperature; the void section, in which the participant was laid down; and the collapsed-building section, which was composed of densely packed building materials.

The researchers emphasised that the most important element of the study was the provision of safe and ethical experimental conditions for both the volunteers and research staff.

Co-author of the study, Professor Paul Thomas of Loughborough University, said, "This is the first scientific study on sensing systems that could detect trapped people. The development of a portable detection device based on metabolites of breath, sweat and skin could hold several advantages over current techniques.

"A device could be used in the field without laboratory support. It could monitor signs of life for prolonged periods and be deployed in large numbers, as opposed to a handful of dogs working, at risk to themselves and their handlers, for 20 minutes before needing extensive rest."

An Institute of Physics spokesperson said, "As the first study of its kind, this preliminary work can be built upon to help prepare for future disasters such as those tragedies we've seen recently in Japan and New Zealand."

"The trapped human experiment" was performed under the EC FP7 project "Second Generation Locator for Urban Search and Rescue" Operations.


'/>"/>

Contact: Michael Bishop
michael.bishop@iop.org
01-179-301-032
Institute of Physics
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. USC scientists generate first detailed map of human neuroreceptor
2. USC scientists probe connection between sight and touch in the brain
3. Biomedical/health informatics scientists to present cutting-edge science, health IT
4. Scientists offer way to address age-old questions
5. USC scientists identify key protein linked to acute liver failure
6. Scientists make turfgrass safer for animals, deadly for insects
7. Scripps Research scientists pinpoint shape-shifting mechanism critical to protein signaling
8. New cellular surprise may help scientists better understand human mitochondrial diseases
9. Scripps Research scientists establish new class of anti-diabetic compound
10. Scripps Research scientists produce first stem cells from endangered species
11. Scientists announce human intestinal stem cell breakthrough for regenerative medicine
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:8/28/2014)... at the University of Minnesota have developed an animal ... used for muscle regeneration research as well as studies ... The research is published in the current edition of ... no treatment for FSHD, which is thought by many ... FSHD is an unusual genetic disorder because, unlike most ...
(Date:8/28/2014)... compounds that could positively impact the global ... possible, thanks to researchers in Penn State,s ... suppository made from the seaweed-derived food ingredient ... Tenofovir provides a woman-initiated, drug-delivery vehicle that ... transmitted infections during unprotected heterosexual intercourse, the ...
(Date:8/28/2014)... new roads will be built worldwide by 2050. Many ... where they bring an influx of destructive loggers, hunters ... has created a ,global roadmap, for prioritising road building ... demands of development and environmental protection. , The map ... natural importance of ecosystems and a ,road-benefits, layer that ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):UMN researchers find animal model for understudied type of muscular dystrophy 2Sensory-tested drug-delivery vehicle could limit spread of HIV, AIDS 2Sensory-tested drug-delivery vehicle could limit spread of HIV, AIDS 3Study shows where on the planet new roads should and should not go 2Study shows where on the planet new roads should and should not go 3
... Hamilton, Nov. 11, 2013 Researchers at McMaster University have ... and it may serve as a way to measure injury. ... muscle damage biomarker," said Thomas Hawke, principal investigator and an ... at McMaster. "Regardless of the way in which ...
... after giving birth plays a big factor in the quantity and ... University of Missouri have found that subclinical hypocalcemia, which is the ... occurs in many cows after giving birth, is related to higher ... the MU College of Veterinary Medicine, says these higher levels of ...
... his sons less sensitive to the drug and thereby more ... animal study presented by Penn Medicine researchers at Neuroscience 2013, ... The study, led by Mathieu Wimmer, PhD, a post-doctoral researcher ... of Neuroscience in Psychiatry at the Perelman School of Medicine ...
Cached Biology News:Low levels of blood calcium in dairy cows may affect cow health and productivity, MU study finds 2Sons of cocaine-using fathers may resist addiction to drug, Penn Medicine study suggests 2
(Date:8/28/2014)... --  SunTrust Robinson Humphrey (STRH) today announced ... equity research team in biotechnology and oilfield services.  ... research demonstrates our commitment to providing our valued ... investment decision making," said Biff Woodruff , ... make significant investments in differentiated content at a ...
(Date:8/28/2014)... 2014 Scientists, researchers, and technologists will ... Laser Damage 2014 symposium. Marking its 46th year, ... will run 14-17 September. The event is sponsored by ... . , The premier conference for basic and applied ... optical materials will engage researchers and engineers from numerous ...
(Date:8/28/2014)... 28, 2014 Supplementing their complete ... promotion for Eppendorf Safe Lock Centrifuge Tubes ... the highest quality tubes at an affordable price. ... customers doing chemical, medical, pharmaceutical, and life science ... not regularly able to afford Eppendorf products. , ...
(Date:8/27/2014)... 2014 Rhythm, a biopharmaceutical company developing peptide ... result in metabolic disorders, announced today that it has ... U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) relating to the ... stock. The number of shares to be offered and ... been determined. Citigroup and Cowen and Company ...
Breaking Biology Technology:SunTrust Robinson Humphrey Expands Equity Research in Healthcare and Energy 2SunTrust Robinson Humphrey Expands Equity Research in Healthcare and Energy 3Laser Damage to Draw Researchers, Engineers, Scientists to 46th Annual Conference 2Laser Damage to Draw Researchers, Engineers, Scientists to 46th Annual Conference 3Eppendorf Safe Lock Centrifuge Tube Promotion Now Available at Major Pipette Distributor Pipette.com 2Eppendorf Safe Lock Centrifuge Tube Promotion Now Available at Major Pipette Distributor Pipette.com 3Rhythm Files Registration Statement for Proposed Initial Public Offering 2
Identify and characterize Phosphoinositide (PI(3,4,5)P3) binding...
Mouse monoclonal antibody to PAEP - progestagen-associated endometrial protein (placental protein 14, pregnancy-associated endometrial alpha-2-globulin, alpha uterine protein)...
Anti-Human alpha2-Antiplasmin Purified (Polyclonal) (goat IgG)...
Compact, portable device, seals 96 and 384 well plates with preset temperature optimised for Eppendorf heat sealing foils and films. Suitable for plates of different heights. AC input: 50/60 Hz230 V...
Biology Products: