Navigation Links
Scientists trick bacteria with small molecules
Date:10/7/2010

New Haven, Conn.A team of Yale University scientists has engineered the cell wall of the Staphylococcus aureus bacteria, tricking it into incorporating foreign small molecules and embedding them within the cell wall.

The finding, described online in the journal ACS Chemical Biology this week, represents the first time scientists have engineered the cell wall of a pathogenic "Gram-positive" bacteriaorganisms responsible not only for Staph infections but also pneumonia, strep throat and many others. The discovery could pave the way for new methods of combating the bacteria responsible for many of the most infectious diseases.

The team engineered one end of their small molecules to contain a peptide sequence that would be recognized by the bacteria. In Staphylococcus aureus, an enzyme called sortase A is responsible for attaching proteins to the cell wall.

"We sort of tricked the bacteria into incorporating something into its cell wall that it didn't actually make," said David Spiegel, a Yale chemist who led the study. "It's as if the cell thought the molecules were its own proteins rather than recognizing them as something foreign."

The scientists focused specifically on the cell wall because it contains many of the components the cell uses to relate to its environment, Spiegel said. "By being able to manipulate the cell wall, we can in theory perturb the bacteria's ability to interact with human tissues and host cells."

The team used three different small molecules in their experiment including biotin, fluorescein and azide but the technique could be used with other molecules, Spiegel said, as well as with other types of bacteria. Another advantage to the new technique is that the scientists did not have to first genetically modify the bacteria in any way in order for them to incorporate the small molecules, meaning the method should work on naturally occurring bacteria in the human body.

Staph infections, such as the drug-resistant MRSA, have plagued hospitals in recent years. More Americans die each year from Staphylococcus aureus infections alone than from HIV/AIDS, Parkinson's disease or emphysema.

Being able to engineer the cell walls of not only Staphylococcus aureus but a whole family of bacteria could have widespread use in combating these illnesses, Spiegel said, adding that any number of small molecules could be used with their technique. "For example, if we tag these bacteria with small fluorescent tracer molecules, we could watch the progression of disease in the human body in real time." The molecules could also be used to help recruit antibodies that occur naturally in the bloodstream, boosting the body's own immune response to diseases that tend to go undetected, such as HIV/AIDS or cancer.

"This technique has the potential to help illuminate basic biological processes as well as lead to novel therapeutics from some of the most common and deadly diseases affecting us today," Spiegel said.


'/>"/>

Contact: Suzanne Taylor Muzzin
suzanne.taylormuzzin@yale.edu
203-432-8555
Yale University
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. DFG awards 4 young scientists 2010 Bernd Rendel Prize
2. Scripps Research scientists develop novel test that identifies river blindness
3. AgriLife Research scientists complete two-year study on short-day onions
4. MBL scientists reveal findings of World Ocean Microbe Census
5. Surprise: Scientists discover that inflammation helps to heal wounds
6. NOAA-sponsored scientists first to map offshore San Andreas Fault and associated ecosystems
7. Scripps Research scientists win $65 million in new grants to reveal form and function of proteins
8. Chromosomal break gives scientists a break in finding new puberty gene
9. Scientists discover a new way our bodies control blood pressure: the P450-EET system
10. Scientists reveal important clues to how bacteria and viruses are identified as enemies
11. Going green: New program provides vital support for plant scientists
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/26/2016)... , April 27, 2016 ... the  "Global Multi-modal Biometrics Market 2016-2020"  report to ... ) , The analysts forecast the ... CAGR of 15.49% during the period 2016-2020.  ... number of sectors such as the healthcare, BFSI, ...
(Date:4/14/2016)... 14, 2016 BioCatch ™, ... today announced the appointment of Eyal Goldwerger ... Goldwerger,s leadership appointment comes at a time ... the deployment of its platform at several of the ... which discerns unique cognitive and physiological factors, is a ...
(Date:3/29/2016)... 29, 2016 LegacyXChange, Inc. (OTC: ... and SelectaDNA/CSI Protect are pleased to announce our successful ... a variety of writing instruments, ensuring athletes signatures against ... collectibles from athletes on LegacyXChange will be assured of ... DNA. Bill Bollander , CEO states, ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... 26, 2016 , ... After several promising treatments in Panama ... City of Knowledge in Panama, a 6 year-old Duchenne’s muscular dystrophy patient received ... year following FDA approval of a second application for a single patient, investigational ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... Portland, Oregon (PRWEB) , ... May 25, 2016 ... ... Base Set features a variety of fracture-specific plating options designed to address fractures ... provide industry-leading fracture fixation solutions. , The Acumed Ankle Plating System 3 is ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... ... May 25, 2016 , ... Lady had been battling arthritis since ... ligament in her left knee. Lady’s owner Hannah sought the help of Dr Jeff ... surgeon, to repair her cruciate ligament and help with the pain of Lady’s arthritis. ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... ... May 24, 2016 , ... ... identity. The new Media Cybernetics corporate branding reflects a results-driven revitalization for a ... image analysis. The re-branding components include a crisp, refreshed logo and a new ...
Breaking Biology Technology: