Navigation Links
Scientists show that mitochondrial DNA variants are linked to risk factors for type 2 diabetes
Date:8/13/2007

Monday, August 13, 2007 Today, researchers report for the first time that genetic variants in mitochondriaenergy-producing structures harboring DNA that are inherited only from the motherare directly linked to metabolic markers for type 2 diabetes. The study, which highlights the role of mitochondrial genome variation in the pathogenesis of common diseases, is published online in Genome Research (www.genome.org).

According to the Centers for Disease Control, 7% of the U.S. population has diabetes, and 90-95% of those cases are classified as type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is caused by external factors such as diet and exercise, and is influenced by several genes. While most of the genes known to be involved in diabetes susceptibility are located in the nuclear genome, a recent study estimated that more than 20% of type 2 diabetes cases may involve mutations in the mitochondrial genome.

In the study published today, the scientists compared two different rat strains; the strains possessed virtually identical nuclear genomes but different mitochondrial genomes. This eliminated any complicating effects due to environmental factors or variation in the nuclear genome. Any differences observed between the two rat strains could be attributed to variation in the mitochondria.

When comparing the two rat strains, the researchers found that the two strains exhibited significant differences related to energy metabolism and storage. One rat strain exhibited impaired glucose tolerance, reduced muscle glycogen synthesis, decreased skeletal muscle ATP (energy) levels, and decreased activity of an energy-producing enzyme called cytochrome c oxidase, when compared to the second rat strain. These metabolic characteristics are typical of diabetic individuals.

The researchers then obtained DNA sequences from mitochondria of both rat strains, and found DNA variants in genes that encode for
'/>"/>

Contact: Maria Smit
smit@cshl.edu
516-422-4127
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Wisconsin scientists grow critical nerve cells
2. Scientists ID molecular switch in liver that triggers harmful effects of saturated and trans fats
3. UCSB scientists probe sea floor venting to gain understanding of early life on Earth
4. UAB scientists discover the origin of a mysterious physical force
5. Fox Chase Cancer Center scientists identify immune-system mutation
6. Scientists Replicate Hepatitis C Virus in Laboratory
7. Scientists detect probable genetic cause of some Parkinsons disease cases
8. Scientists find missing enzyme for tuberculosis iron scavenging pathway
9. Scientists seek answers on what activates deadly anthrax spores
10. Yale Scientists Find MicroRNA Regulates Ras Cancer Gene
11. Scientists collaborate to assess health of global environment
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/22/2015)... , Jan. 15, 2015  BellBrook Labs, a leader ... announced the launch of a TR-FRET (time resolved ... Transcreener UDP Assay, a high throughput screening assay ... assay will allow for sensitive detection of hundreds ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... MUNICH , January 22, 2015 ... its tenth year  The European Patent Office to present ... Two British nominations to be featured: Christofer Toumazou ... week featuring former finalists and winners of the Award   ...
(Date:12/22/2014)... , Dec. 22, 2014  NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... authentication company focused on the growing mobile commerce market, announces ... Apollo Robbins for the 2015 International CES debut of ... Robbins will be at the NXT-ID booth January 6th ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):BellBrook Labs Launches a High Throughput Screening Assay for Glycosyltransferases with TR-FRET Readout 2Ten Years of the European Inventor Award: A Retrospective Look at the Inventors and Ideas That Have Changed Our Lives 2Ten Years of the European Inventor Award: A Retrospective Look at the Inventors and Ideas That Have Changed Our Lives 3NXT-ID Hires Master Pickpocket and Security Consultant Apollo Robbins for Wocket Smart Wallet CES 2015 Debut 2NXT-ID Hires Master Pickpocket and Security Consultant Apollo Robbins for Wocket Smart Wallet CES 2015 Debut 3NXT-ID Hires Master Pickpocket and Security Consultant Apollo Robbins for Wocket Smart Wallet CES 2015 Debut 4
... resulting from the nations nuclear weapons program lie in ... Beneath this desert landscape about two million curies ... chemicals are captured within the stratified vadose zone below ... These paths create uncertainties about where the contaminants go ...
... including those who helped decode the entire human genome ... 1mm long. The potato cyst nematode (PCN), Globodera ... particularly devastating in developing countries where the potato is a ... of Leeds to fully sequence its DNA, hopes to shed ...
... 26 Stinger Systems, Inc.,(OTC Bulletin Board: STIY), a ... Sheriff,s Department in Kansas has,purchased Stinger Systems, S-200 projectile ... the Stinger S-200 and,clearly felt that its features were ... the ruggedness of the product as well as its ...
Cached Biology News:Where does stored nuclear waste go? 2New research to decode the genetic secrets of prolific potato pest 2
(Date:1/22/2015)... , Jan. 22, 2015   GenoSpace , a precision medicine ... to enable the broad use of genomic, imaging and other ... appointment of Michelle Munson , CEO of Aspera, an ... Logo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20150122/170713 "We ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... YORK , Dec. 24, 2014 PlasmaTech Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. ... critical areas, announced the closing of an underwritten public offering ... up to an aggregate 3,500,000 shares of common stock, at ... warrant.  The warrants have a per share exercise price of ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... 2014 GMO corn cases filed across the ... the process of being consolidated in a Kansas federal court ... AG MIR 162 Corn Litigation, MDL No. 2591 in the ... of the Syngenta GMO corn multidistrict litigation (MDL) has been ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... Island, New York (PRWEB) December 23, 2014 ... and the Long Island Affiliate of ITRA Global, the national ... slow but steady recovery. This is evidenced by the ... the strong stock market. Low energy costs have held ...
Breaking Biology Technology:GenoSpace Expands Board with Appointment of Michelle Munson 2PlasmaTech Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. Announces Closing of Public Offering 2PlasmaTech Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. Announces Closing of Public Offering 3Carey Danis & Lowe Reports on Syngenta GMO Corn Transfer Order 2ITRA Global Reports Long Island Is Out of Sync With The National Office Market 2ITRA Global Reports Long Island Is Out of Sync With The National Office Market 3
... Wis . - Non-controlling shareholders of Billerica, Mass.-based ... for the $135 million acquisition of their affiliate molecular ... firms are part of the Bruker family of companies, ... ,Bruker Optics produces a variety of spectrometers, including Fourier ...
... - The soaring prices of oil and natural gas ... matter instead of petroleum, and both biodiesel and gasoline containing ... , ,But the oil price hike has also fueled ... compounds that are the raw material for many modern plastics, ...
... Despite recent legislative setbacks, proponents of net neutrality said ... members of the United States Senate not to take ... provisions are included. , ,The pro-neutrality group It'sOurNet ... Senate to reject the telecommunications bill following a tie ...
Cached Biology Technology:UW prof turns sugar into diesel fuel, chemicals 2UW prof turns sugar into diesel fuel, chemicals 3Net neutrality will be back, supporters vow 2Net neutrality will be back, supporters vow 3Net neutrality will be back, supporters vow 4
Human VEGF R Phycoerythrin Sampler (Cl 89106, 49560, 54733)...
RABBIT ANTI NEOPTERIN...
MOUSE ANTI SIMIAN VIRUS 5:FITC Immunogen: Simian virus 5...
... • Dog serum is collected from fasted mixed ... age Available Anticoagulants: N-02: ... K2EDTA N-08: Potassium Oxalate ... N-05: ACD N-07: CPD ...
Biology Products: