Navigation Links
Scientists say new computer model amounts to a lot more than a hill of beans
Date:4/3/2014

CHAMPAIGN, Ill. Crops that produce more while using less water seem like a dream for a world with a burgeoning population and already strained food and water resources. This dream is coming closer to reality for University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign researchers who have developed a new computer model that can help plant scientists breed better soybean crops.

Under current climate conditions, the model predicts a design for a soybean crop with 8.5 percent more productivity, but using 13 percent less water, and reflecting 34 percent more radiation back into space, by breeding for slightly different leaf distribution, angles and reflectivity. This work appears in the journal Global Change Biology.

"The model lets you look at one of those goals individually or all of them simultaneously," said Praveen Kumar, a co-author of the study who is the Lovell Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Illinois. "There might be some areas where you look at only one aspect if you're in an arid zone, you can structure things to maximize the water efficiency. In other areas you may want to concentrate on food productivity."

Plants have evolved to outcompete other plants for example, shading out other plants or using water and nutrients liberally to the detriment of neighboring plants. However, in an agricultural setting, the plants don't need such competitive measures.

"Our crop plants reflect many millions of years of evolution in the wild under these competitive conditions," said U. of I. plant biology professor Stephen P. Long, also a co-author on the study. "In a crop field we want plants to share resources and conserve water and nutrients, so we have been looking at what leaf arrangements would best do this."

The researchers aimed for three specific areas of improvement. First, productivity. Second, water usage. Third, combating climate change by reflecting more sunlight off the leaves. To address all
'/>"/>

Contact: Liz Ahlberg
eahlberg@illinois.edu
217-244-1073
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Behind the scenes of the IPCC report, with Stanford scientists
2. Scripps Florida scientists offer best practices nutrition measurement for researchers
3. Notre Dame scientists develop largest developmental proteomic data set for any animal
4. Research from CHORI scientists demonstrates first genome methylation in fruit fly
5. Harvard scientists visualize new treatments for retinal blindness
6. A*STAR scientists create stem cells from a drop of blood
7. Plant biology discovery furthers scientists understanding of plant growth and development
8. Tropical grassy ecosystems under threat, scientists warn
9. Scientists herd cells in new approach to tissue engineering
10. Geoscientists to meet in Fayetteville to discuss triggered seismicity, karst & energy resources
11. Scientists discover the specific types of macrophages that affect Crohns disease severity
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Scientists say new computer model amounts to a lot more than a hill of beans
(Date:10/16/2014)... of Marine Science have received a 3-year, $392,773 ... the streams and wetlands most vulnerable to sea-level ... governments and citizens conserve these important ecosystems. , ... tidal-marsh observations first gathered by VIMS scientists in ... today,s researchers accurately map the slow but inexorable ...
(Date:10/16/2014)... women experienced improvements in vaginal atrophy, with no ... after 12 weeks of daily 10 milligram (mg) ... supplement previously shown to help relieve certain menopause ... reported in a poster at the North American ... "These data documented improved vaginal epithelium, without significant ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... Gauß-Allianz has admitted Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) ... science hub continues to maintain a significant nationwide ... , "The acceptance of Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz ... a milestone in the national and international competition ... state of Rhineland-Palatinate can be proud that Mainz ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):EPA grant will help localities conserve headwater wetlands 2EPA grant will help localities conserve headwater wetlands 3S-equol supplements associated with improved measures of reproductive health in postmenopausal women 2Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz joins Germany's Gauss-Allianz as a full member 2Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz joins Germany's Gauss-Allianz as a full member 3
... broad review of current research on nuclear power economics has ... Energy . The report concludes that nuclear power will continue ... fuel cycle is not sustainable. Due to uncertainty about waste ... basic assumptions that are not grounded in real data. ...
... DURHAM, N.C. As the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ... a Duke University study identifies new monitoring protocols and ... predict the ecological impacts of coal ash contaminants. ... and where we look for coal ash contaminants," says ...
... , Ananth Annapragada, Ph.D., Robert H. Graham Professor in ... of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), has ... American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering. Annapragada, ... of Biomedical Informatics, will be inducted during the AIMBE,s ...
Cached Biology News:Duke scientists look deeper for coal ash hazards 2UTHealth School of Biomedical Informatics professor to be inducted to AIMBE College of Fellows 2
(Date:10/22/2014)... 2014 Research and Markets  has announced ... Material, by Application, Geography - Global Analysis and Forecast ... Organic electronics, also called as polymer electronics ... which deals with small conductive molecules and electrically conductive ... and polymers are carbon based, made using synthetic strategies ...
(Date:10/20/2014)... (PRWEB) October 20, 2014 Convey ... that a team from Iowa State University won first ... contest. Using a Convey HC-2ex, the team’s solution achieved ... times faster than the second place finisher. , Experts ... embarked upon the month long challenge, using a variety ...
(Date:10/20/2014)... , Oct. 20, 2014  GenVec, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... P. Horovitz , Ph.D., from its board of directors effective ... in August 2003, and served as its chairman from June ... on the Nominating and Corporate Governance and Audit Committees of ... more than a decade of dedicated service to GenVec, and ...
(Date:10/20/2014)... 2014 Local veterinary surgeon, Dr. Tim ... study of donor stem cells for dogs with osteoarthritis. ... and has performed clinical stem cell therapy for 7 ... determine if a single injection of donor stem cells ... reduce pain and inflammation in the treated joints. ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Global Organic Electronics (Semiconductor, Conductive, Dielectric and Substrate) Market - Analysis and Forecast (2014 - 2020) 2Global Organic Electronics (Semiconductor, Conductive, Dielectric and Substrate) Market - Analysis and Forecast (2014 - 2020) 3Team from Iowa State Wins 2014 MemoCODE Design Contest Using Convey HC-2ex 2Team from Iowa State Wins 2014 MemoCODE Design Contest Using Convey HC-2ex 3Zola P. Horovitz To Retire From GenVec Board 2Cascade Veterinary Referral Center Seeks Candidates for an Investigational Study of Stem Cells for Dogs with Arthritis 2
... Bulletin Board: IAGX), announced today that William Spencer, President and ... the 2nd annual LD MICRO Conference on Thursday, December 3rd, ... Angeles. , About LD MICRO , LD MICRO is a ... in the micro-cap space. Since 2002, the firm has published ...
... BioSpecifics Technologies Corp. (Nasdaq: BSTC ), a biopharmaceutical ... results for the third quarter ended September 30, 2009. ... of this year, the FDA,s Arthritis Advisory Committee unanimously ... XIAFLEX(TM) for the treatment of Dupuytren,s disease, and we ...
... Biosystems, Inc. (OTC Bulletin Board: WGBS), a leading ... that Christopher Sears, Ph.D. has joined the company,s ... focused on designing and commercializing novel molecular diagnostics ... the development of computational biology systems for several ...
Cached Biology Technology:Imagenetix to Present at 2nd Annual LD MICRO Conference at the Luxe Sunset Bel Air 2BioSpecifics Technologies Corp. Reports Third Quarter 2009 Financial Results 2BioSpecifics Technologies Corp. Reports Third Quarter 2009 Financial Results 3BioSpecifics Technologies Corp. Reports Third Quarter 2009 Financial Results 4BioSpecifics Technologies Corp. Reports Third Quarter 2009 Financial Results 5WaferGen Names Christopher Sears, Ph.D., Architect of High-Value Molecular Diagnostics and Computational Biology Platforms, to Company's Scientific Advisory Board 2WaferGen Names Christopher Sears, Ph.D., Architect of High-Value Molecular Diagnostics and Computational Biology Platforms, to Company's Scientific Advisory Board 3WaferGen Names Christopher Sears, Ph.D., Architect of High-Value Molecular Diagnostics and Computational Biology Platforms, to Company's Scientific Advisory Board 4
supplied with 10x reaction buffer...
... PBL's bioassays for interferons are cytopathic effect ... assays. Sample types include; tissue culture supernatents; ... In these assays, one unit is defined as ... reduce the cytopathic effect of viral infection by ...
... BioPrime Plus Array CGH Genomic Labeling Systems ... reproducible labeling of genomic DNA samples for ... both indirect and direct labeling formats, the ... provide a flexible solution to your genomic ...
... interferons are cytopathic effect inhibition assays, also known ... include; tissue culture supernatents; serum from PK studies ... unit is defined as the quantity of interferon ... of viral infection by 50%. All ...
Biology Products: