Navigation Links
Scientists find that neurological changes can happen due to social status
Date:4/19/2012

ATLANTA Researchers at Georgia State University have discovered that in one species of freshwater crustaceans, social status can affect the configuration of neural circuitry.

They found that dominant and subordinate crayfish differ in their behavioral responses when touched unexpectedly, and that those differences correlate with differences in neural circuits that mediate those responses.

The article was published this week in the Journal of Neuroscience. The research team included Edwards, Fadi A. Issa and Joanne Drummond of Georgia State, and Daniel Cattaert of the Centre de Neurosciences Integratives et Cognitives of the Universities of Bordeaux 1 and 2.

When dominant crayfish are touched unexpectedly, they tend to raise their claws, while subordinate animals drop in place and scoot backwards, said Donald Edwards, Regents' Professor of neuroscience at Georgia State.

In looking at the nervous systems of the animals, the researchers noticed differences in how neurons were excited to produce different reactions to being touched when the animals' behavioral status changed. The changes do not represent a wholesale rewiring of the circuits, Edwards said.

"There is reconfiguration going on, but it is probably a shift in the excitation of the different neurons," he explained.

Neuroscientists at Georgia State are working on building computational models of the animals' nervous systems to learn more about how the neurons work in crayfish.

"If you can't build it, you don't know truly how it works," Edwards said.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jeremy Craig
jcraig@gsu.edu
404-413-1357
Georgia State University
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. Scientists discover switch in plants to create flowers
2. Merkin Family Foundation to fund next generation of Broad Institute scientists
3. Scripps Research Institute scientists develop antidote for cocaine overdose
4. Scientists trace evolutionary history of what mammals eat
5. Scientists find neural stem cell regulator
6. Scientists identify FLT3 gene as a valid therapeutic target in acute myeloid leukemia
7. Scientists complete first-ever emperor penguin count from space
8. Scientists count penguins from space
9. Researchers use game to change how scientists study disease outbreaks
10. Salk scientists redraw the blueprint of the bodys biological clock
11. Scientists study the catalytic reactions used by plants to split oxygen from water
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/15/2016)... and BADEN-BADEN, Germany , December 15, 2016 ... financial services provider, today announced an agreement with NuData Security, ... to join forces. The partnership will enable clients to focus ... compliance with local data protection regulation. ... In order to provide a ...
(Date:12/15/2016)... , Dec. 15, 2016 Advancements ... experience, health wellness and wellbeing (HWW), and ... in three new passenger vehicles begin to ... gesture recognition, heart beat monitoring, brain wave ... facial monitoring, and pulse detection. These will ...
(Date:12/12/2016)... , Dec. 12, 2016  Researchers at ... possibilities for graphene by combining the material with ... highly sensitive pressure detector able to sense pulse, ... a small spider.  The research ... can be read here:  http://science.sciencemag.org/content/354/6317/1257 ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/18/2017)... Gainesville, FL (PRWEB) , ... January 18, 2017 ... ... muscle weakness and paralysis, today announced that it has submitted a 510(k) to ... stationary bikes that utilize MYOLYN’s patent-pending functional electrical stimulation (FES) technology. , ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... Chicago, IL (PRWEB) , ... January 18, 2017 ... ... auction on January 24th, 2017, to sell research and genetic testing lab equipment ... of service in the Northwest and Northeast regions of the United States. This ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... 2017 Shareholder rights law firm Johnson & ... board members of CoLucid Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... the proposed sale of the Company to Eli Lilly ... small molecules for the acute treatment of migraines. ... signed a definitive merger agreement with Eli Lilly. Under ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... 2017 /PRNewswire/ - SQI Diagnostics Inc. (TSX-V: SQD; ... that develops and commercializes proprietary technologies and products ... today announced that Cameron Prange , President ... from its Board of Directors.  Mr. Prange,s resignation ... that have limited both his ability to act ...
Breaking Biology Technology: