Navigation Links
Scientists find possible neurobiological basis for tradeoff between honesty, self-interest
Date:9/2/2014

ecision to be honest."

Previous studies, according to King-Casas, were unable to control for an important distinction.

"In past studies, participants are typically instructed by the experimenter to lie or be honest. There's no consequence for lying; the subject is just complying," said King-Casas. "One of the real strengths of our study is that we're able to see how a person's tradeoffs change when we add in responsibility."

Another strength is the measurable tradeoff when will an honest person decide the benefit is worth the lie?

"We manipulated the costs and benefits of honesty to quantify the tipping point for each person," said Chiu. "We picked tough dilemmas where, for example, telling a lie might harm the other player one cent, whereas being honest will cost you $20. And you might decide that being seen as an honest person is worth more than $20, so you won't lie even though it costs you, or you might decide that one cent of harm isn't so bad."

The study sheds light on the neuroscientific basis and broader nature of honesty. Moral philosophers and cognitive psychologists have had longstanding, contrasting hypotheses about the mechanisms governing the tradeoff between honesty and self-interest.

The "Grace" hypothesis, suggests that people are innately honest and have to control honest impulses if they want to profit. The "Will" hypothesis holds that self-interest is our automatic response.

"The prefrontal cortex is key to controlling our behavior and helps to override our natural impulses to be either honest or self-interested," King-Casas said. "Knowing this, we can test whether 'Grace' or 'Will' is dominant. By including participants with lesions in the prefrontal cortex, we were able to test whether honesty requires us to actively resist self-interest in which case disrupting the prefrontal cortex would reduce the influence of honesty preferences or whether we are automatically predispose
'/>"/>

Contact: Paula Brewer Byron
paulabyron@vt.edu
540-526-2027
Virginia Tech
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. Scientists call for investigation of mysterious cloud-like collections in cells
2. Scientists develop electronic nose for rapid detection of C. diff infection
3. Scientists plug into a learning brain
4. Scientists first to grow organ in animal from cells created in lab
5. 5 UC Riverside scientists among worlds most influential scientific minds
6. Stanford scientists develop a water splitter that runs on an ordinary AAA battery
7. Scientists learn more about rare skin cancer that killed Bob Marley
8. Scientists study talking turtles in Brazilian Amazon
9. Scientists discover the miracle of how geckos move, cling to ceilings
10. Scientists discover how jumping genes help black truffles adapt to their environment
11. NOAA, EPA-supported scientists find average but large Gulf dead zone
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:7/7/2015)... , July 7, 2015  Based on ... Frost & Sullivan recognizes Credence ID, LLC with ... Entrepreneurial Company of the Year Award. Credence ID ... aid in its mission of offering enrollment and ... globally. As Credence ID was formed by experts ...
(Date:7/2/2015)... , June 25, 2015 ... announced the addition of the "Natural Language ... Technologies (Recognition, IVR, OCR, Pattern & Image Recognition) ... their offering. The key vendors occupying ... HP, IBM Corporation, Microsoft Corporation, NetBase Solutions, SAS ...
(Date:7/2/2015)... , July 2, 2015 Fingerprint ... FPC1025, FPC1035, FPC1145 and FPC1155 from the distributor World Peace ... of FPC,s distributors in Asia . Deliveries ... The sensors will be used by smartphone manufacturers in ... is included in the communicated revenue guidance of approximately 2,200 ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Frost & Sullivan Acknowledges the Distinctive Customer-focused Attributes of Credence ID's Mobile Biometric Product Suite 2Frost & Sullivan Acknowledges the Distinctive Customer-focused Attributes of Credence ID's Mobile Biometric Product Suite 3Frost & Sullivan Acknowledges the Distinctive Customer-focused Attributes of Credence ID's Mobile Biometric Product Suite 4Frost & Sullivan Acknowledges the Distinctive Customer-focused Attributes of Credence ID's Mobile Biometric Product Suite 5Natural Language Processing Market by Type (Rule-Based, Statistical, and Hybrid), Technologies (Recognition, IVR, OCR, Pattern & Image Recognition) - Worldwide Forecast to 2020 2FPC Receives Order for Touch Fingerprint Sensors of 268 MSEK 2
... an experimental vaccine targeting West Nile virus (WNV) opened ... Center in Bethesda, MD. The vaccine, which will be ... for human clinical studies by researchers at the National ... Center (VRC), and Vical Inc., San Diego, based on ...
... of New York University, in collaboration with Memorial Sloan ... change in shape in a carcinogen-damaged DNA site--in tumor ... in cigarette smoke. This finding may open new horizons ... The findings appear as the cover story in the ...
... favor, 34 against and 37 abstaining, with 36 absent, ... UN Member States to ban all forms of human ... human dignity and the protection of human life. , ... banning therapeutic cloning. The Declaration, negotiated by a Working ...
Cached Biology News:NIAID begins clinical trial of West Nile virus vaccine 2NIAID begins clinical trial of West Nile virus vaccine 3NYU and MSKCC research provides model for understanding chemically induced cancer initiation 2UN votes to ban human cloning 2
(Date:8/3/2015)... 3, 2015  Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany ... high-tech products in the healthcare, life science and performance ... Nano-C, their development and launch of promising new fullerene ... Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany , is ... sector. Novel derivatives: highly stable, easy to ...
(Date:8/3/2015)... , August 3, 2015 ... the commercialization of its Bio-electrical Signal Therapy device ("BST ... treatment of hard to heal chronic wounds, today announced ... with Chemipal, an Israeli distributor specializing in medical devices, ... Chemipal is a 70 years old, sales, ...
(Date:8/3/2015)... Aug. 3, 2015 /PRNewswire/ - RepliCel Life Sciences Inc. (TSX.V: ... on the development of autologous cell therapies, announced today that ... the InvestMNT conference held in Minneapolis, Minnesota ... time. Hall,s presentation will highlight RepliCel,s 18-month milestones including CE ... Europe , clinical data from both RCT-01 (tendon) ...
(Date:7/31/2015)... ... July 31, 2015 , ... Global Resorcinol ... premium industry insights on the global resorcinol industry. The report highlights the various ... vivid market scenarios and analysis of primary and secondary inputs from the existing ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany, and Nano-C Present Enhanced Materials for Organic Photovoltaics 2Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany, and Nano-C Present Enhanced Materials for Organic Photovoltaics 3Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany, and Nano-C Present Enhanced Materials for Organic Photovoltaics 4E-QURE Corp Signs Second Distribution Agreement in Israel 2E-QURE Corp Signs Second Distribution Agreement in Israel 3RepliCel Presenting at InvestMNT Investor Conference in Minneapolis 2Resorcinol Market to Grow at 6% CAGR to 2019 Says New Research Report at ReportsnReports.com 2Resorcinol Market to Grow at 6% CAGR to 2019 Says New Research Report at ReportsnReports.com 3Resorcinol Market to Grow at 6% CAGR to 2019 Says New Research Report at ReportsnReports.com 4
... — QBI Life Sciences said it ... and formed partnerships with UW-Madison and the University of ... a division of Quintessence Biosciences Inc. in Madison, will ... potentially harmful interactions between different drugs given to the ...
... a drop in net income to $13 million ... $21 million in the same quarter a year ... percent to $411 million, mostly from acquisitions. Modine ... industries, including fuel cells. , , Business ...
... and technology out there than ever before and according ... the right combination of the two will be key to ... take new roads because theres so much noise out there, ... spam, faxes, search engines and video on demand that demands ...
Cached Biology Technology:Exec focuses on blogs as business tool 2
... Scientific has a long and outstanding ... apparatus. Several years ago we became ... microdispenser was being modified to inject ... by redesigning the microdispenser to eliminate ...
...
... for sequencing inserts cloned into M13/pUC-based plasmids, ... RNA polymerase promoters, or lambda gt10 and ... concentration of 0.1 µg/µl in water. The ... reactions using SequiTherm™ EXCEL™ II DNA Polymerase ...
... AutoGenesys, BioRobotics BioPick, BioGrid, TAS and MicroGrid ... This CLS number is a new product ... number. If showing no availability yet, please ... or contact customer service for assistance. ID ...
Biology Products: