Navigation Links
Scientists discover 'switch' in plants to create flowers
Date:4/18/2012

Flowering is the most crucial act that plants undergo, as the fruits of such labor include crops on which the world depends, and seeds from which the next generation grows.

While classic experiments have demonstrated that plants are able to adjust the timing of their flowering in response to environmental conditions, such as light, temperature and the availability of nutrients, very little has been known about what exactly triggers plants to make flowers instead of leaves, under various environmental conditions.

Now, a study by a team of researchers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has discovered how this happens. The team, led by Associate Professor Yu Hao from the Department of Biological Sciences at the NUS Faculty of Science, has identified a protein that is essential for flowering under normal light conditions. The team's findings are published April 17 in the online, open-access journal PLoS Biology.

To identify the element that triggers the process of flowering in plants, Prof Yu and his colleagues undertook a study that spanned around five years, in which they scanned for proteins in plants using a process called yeast two-hybrid screening. After scanning around 3 million samples, the researchers identified a molecule they dubbed FT-INTERACTING PROTEIN 1 (FTIP1).

The researchers found that plants with mutant, non-functional versions of the FTIP1 gene flowered much later under normal light conditions (around 16 hours of light per day). When such mutants were given a working version of this gene, their flowering time was restored largely back to normal.

These findings suggest that FTIP1 is key to how flowering is controlled by light and imply that FTIP1, and genes similar to it, could be used as molecular markers for both classical plant breeding and for targeted genetic modification for desirable flowering traits, with the aim of increasing crop yields in changing environments.

Further studies from Prof Yu and his team hint that a group of FTIP1-like proteins are involved in a wide range of plant developmental processes. They are now working to uncover the other factors that are critical in controlling flowering and other key developmental processes in plants.


'/>"/>
Contact: Bryan Ghosh
bghosh@plos.org
44-122-344-2837
Public Library of Science
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Merkin Family Foundation to fund next generation of Broad Institute scientists
2. Scripps Research Institute scientists develop antidote for cocaine overdose
3. Scientists trace evolutionary history of what mammals eat
4. Scientists find neural stem cell regulator
5. Scientists identify FLT3 gene as a valid therapeutic target in acute myeloid leukemia
6. Scientists complete first-ever emperor penguin count from space
7. Scientists count penguins from space
8. Researchers use game to change how scientists study disease outbreaks
9. Salk scientists redraw the blueprint of the bodys biological clock
10. Scientists study the catalytic reactions used by plants to split oxygen from water
11. Scripps Research Institute scientists find promising vaccine targets on hepatitis C virus
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/13/2016)... physicians supporting Medicaid patients in Central Florida ... telehealth thanks to a new partnership with higi.   ... can routinely track key health measurements, such as blood ... they opt in, share them with IMPOWER clinicians through ... location at no cost. By leveraging this data, IMPOWER ...
(Date:3/23/2016)... , March 23, 2016 ... Interesse erhöhter Sicherheit Gesichts- und Stimmerkennung mit ... Inc. (NASDAQ: MESG ), ein ... dass das Unternehmen mit SpeechPro zusammenarbeitet, um ... der Finanzdienstleistungsbranche, wird die Möglichkeit angeboten, im ...
(Date:3/18/2016)... , March 18, 2016 --> ... of Biometrics, ICT, Manned & Unmanned Vehicles, Physical infrastructure and ... security companies in the border security market and the continuing ... and Europe has led visiongain to ... improved success. --> defence & security companies ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/3/2016)... , ... May 03, 2016 , ... ... at Boston CEO 2016 on May 31st and June 1st at The Four ... for leading executives in the life sciences, offering exclusive access to key decision ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... Texas , May 3, 2016  Dr. ... plastic surgeon in The Woodlands, Texas ... destroys 24 percent of treated fat cells in just ... woman. Close to 90 percent of Americans report feeling ... options. Nonsurgical fat reduction procedures are a growing industry. ...
(Date:5/2/2016)... ... 2016 , ... StarNet Communications Corp, ( http://www.starnet.com/ ) a leading publisher of ... Desktop modules to its flagship X-Win32 PC X server. The new modules enable ... user’s PC over encrypted SSH. , Traditionally, users of PC X servers deploy the ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... , April 29, 2016 ... Transparency Market Research "Separation Systems for Commercial Biotechnology ... Trends, and Forecast 2015 - 2023", the separation ... US$ 10,665.5 Mn in 2014 and is projected ... 2015 to 2023 to reach US$ 19,227.8 Mn ...
Breaking Biology Technology: