Navigation Links
Scientists discover bacteria that can cause bone infections
Date:10/17/2008

Scientists have discovered that a bone infection is caused by a newly described species of bacteria that is related to the tuberculosis pathogen. The discovery may help improve the diagnosis and treatment of similar infections, according to an article published in the October issue of the International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology.

Some rare genetic diseases can make patients susceptible to infections with Mycobacterium species, the bacteria that amongst other diseases, cause tuberculosis and leprosy. These patients often suffer from recurring mycobacterial infections throughout their whole lives. Because of this, researchers are trying to identify unusual species that cause disease in order to improve treatment strategies.

"We isolated an unknown species of bacteria from a 7 year old child who has a genetic immune defect," said Dr Didi Bang from Statens Serum Institut in Copenhagen, Denmark. "The infection had caused bone lesions and this is where we found the newly described bacteria."

Mycobacterial infections can be very difficult to treat. The bacteria have unique cell walls that protect them from several antibiotics. As well as being resistant to treatment, they can also survive attack with acids, alkalis and detergents. Most mycobacterial infections can be treated with antibiotics such as clarithromycin and rifamycins, but some species are becoming resistant to these antibiotics, so new drugs for treatments must be developed.

"Initial tests suggested we had found a Mycobacterium. By sequencing some of the bacterium's genes we showed that we had discovered an undescribed species," said Dr Bang. "We called the bacterium Mycobacterium arosiense. The name comes from Arosia, the Latin name of the city of Aarhus in Denmark, which is where the bacterium was first found. We showed the position of the new bacterium on the Mycobacterium family tree by sequencing genes and comparing them to related bacteria."

The new pathogen is closely related to Mycobacterium intracellulare and Mycobacterium avium, which cause a lung disease similar to tuberculosis in people, especially those with weak immune systems such as HIV patients that are immunologically suppressed. It is rod-shaped and grows slowly.

"Mycobacterium arosiense can be killed by several antibiotics in the lab, including clarithromycin and rifamycins. However, resistance to fluoroquinolones and isoniazid was observed," said Dr Bang. "Little knowledge is available on performing resistance tests on mycobacteria other than tuberculosis."

"We hope that this discovery will help doctors to diagnose similar diseases in the future and that further investigation may improve the treatment of people with similar infections."


'/>"/>

Contact: Lucy Goodchild
press@sgm.ac.uk
44-011-898-81843
Society for General Microbiology
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Scientists propose the creation of a new type of seed bank
2. EMBO honors 59 leading life scientists
3. Caltech scientists engineer supersensitive receptor, gain better understanding of dopamine system
4. Extreme nature helps scientists design nano materials
5. Forsyth scientists trigger cancer-like response from embryonic stem cells
6. Scientists trace molecular origin of proportional development
7. Sensitive nanowire disease detectors made by Yale scientists
8. Scent on demand: Hebrew University scientists enhance the scent of flowers
9. MSU scientists find new gene that helps plants beat the heat
10. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory scientists trace a novel way cells are disrupted in cancer
11. Brookhaven scientists take off for southeastern Pacific climate study
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/21/2016)... 21, 2016 NuData Security announced today that ... of principal product architect and that Jon ... customer development. Both will report directly to ... moves reflect NuData,s strategic growth in its product ... customer demand and customer focus values. ...
(Date:6/9/2016)... -- Perkotek an innovation leader in attendance control systems is proud to announce the introduction ... to make sure the right employees are actually signing in, and to even control ... ... ... ...
(Date:6/2/2016)... 2, 2016 The Department of Transport ... the 44 million US Dollar project, for the , ... including Personalization, Enrolment, and IT Infrastructure , to ... production and implementation of Identity Management Solutions. Numerous renowned international ... Decatur was selected for the most compliant ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:12/2/2016)... PRUSSIA, PA (PRWEB) , ... December 01, 2016 , ... ... is through industry-wide collaboration, standardization and a beautiful technology experience. All three tenets were ... more than 100 clinical trial leaders from over 40 sponsor, CRO and site organizations ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... Dec. 1, 2016   SurePure, Inc. (OTCQB: ... that the Company has concluded an agreement with Tamarack ... a 90-day period to acquire units of the Company,s ... USD 3.7 million.  Concurrently with the ... under which Tamarack will seek regulatory approvals in ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... 30, 2016  GenomOncology today announced the appointment of ... Affairs.  Dr. Coleman will oversee clinical content ... knowledge-enabled platform. The GenomOncology software suite empowers molecular pathologists with ... and clinical decision support, from quality control through reporting. ... , , ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... , Nov. 30, 2016  The Allen Institute ... Collection: the first publicly available collection of gene ... that target key cellular structures with unprecedented clarity. ... these powerful tools are a crucial first step ... better understand what makes human cells healthy and ...
Breaking Biology Technology: