Navigation Links
Scientists discover a new player in innate immune response
Date:1/16/2008

All multicellular animals have an innate immune system: When bacteria, parasites or fungi invade the organism, small protein molecules are released that eliminate the attackers. Scientists of the German Cancer Research Center (Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, DKFZ) have now discovered a new molecule that plays an important role in triggering the innate immune response of the fruit fly Drosophila, mice and even humans. Their work has just been published in the journal Nature Immunology.

The cells of the innate immune system recognize hostile invaders with the aid of receptors on their surface: The moment these receptors recognize a foreign structure, they send a message, via a complicated signaling pathway, into the cells interior. The cell then releases immunologically active proteins. The components of this signaling pathway have been conserved surprisingly well through evolution; the various signaling molecules are very similar from fly to man, both in structure and in function.

A group of scientists headed by Dr. Michael Boutros of the German Cancer Research Center (Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, DKFZ), collaborating with colleagues of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) in Strasbourg, made use of this fact: Using the Nobel-prize winning method of RNA interference (RNAi), they switched off individual molecules of the signaling pathway in Drosophila and have thus come across a new member: Akirin, meaning "making things clear" in Japanese. When they suppressed Akirin production in the immune cells of the flies, these were significantly more susceptible to bacterial infections. And when they knocked down the protein in all body cells, the fly larvae died in an early stage. Colleagues at Japan's Osaka University investigated the corresponding mouse Akirin: In mice, too, the protein fulfills the same function as in the fruit fly and in man.

"What is called the NF-B signaling pathway plays an important role in inflammations, and inflammations are highly relevant in cancer development," said Michael Boutros. "Therefore, the search is on for small molecules that can inhibit this signaling pathway." First inhibitors acting against other links in the signaling chain are already being tested in clinical trials. "The more links of this chain we know, the more possibilities we have to interfere with it," said Boutros explaining the aim of his work.


'/>"/>

Contact: Stefanie Seltmann
s.seltmann@dkfz.de
49-622-142-2854
Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Scientists study the link between childrens nutrition and adult diseases
2. Scientists associate 6 new genetic variants with heart disease risk factor
3. CSHL scientists identify cells that promote formation of lethal lung metastases
4. Smithsonian scientists highlight environmental impacts of biofuels
5. Scientists find missing evolutionary link using tiny fungus crystal
6. Jefferson scientists studying the effects of high-dose vitamin C on non-Hodgkin lymphoma patients
7. Five young Hebrew University scientists win first competitive EU grants
8. Scientists find good news about methane bubbling up from the ocean floor
9. International scientists tackle obstacles to treating brain disorders
10. UC Irvine scientists find new way to sort stem cells
11. Top scientists meet for global conference on stem cell therapy for cardiovascular diseases
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/28/2016)... and BANGALORE, India , April ... EdgeVerve Systems, a product subsidiary of Infosys (NYSE: ... today announced a global partnership that will provide ... to use mobile banking and payment services.      ... a key innovation area for financial services, but it also ...
(Date:4/19/2016)... UAE, April 20, 2016 The ... as a compact web-based "all-in-one" system solution for all ... fingerprint reader or the door interface with integration authorization ... access control systems. The minimal dimensions of the access ... into the building installations offer considerable freedom of design ...
(Date:4/13/2016)... , April 13, 2016  IMPOWER physicians supporting ... are setting a new clinical standard in telehealth thanks ... By leveraging the higi platform, IMPOWER patients can routinely ... pulse and body mass index, and, when they opt ... and convenient visit to a local retail location at ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/25/2016)... Diego, Calif. (PRWEB) , ... May 25, 2016 , ... ... Diego area and has consistently been rated one of its top attractions. Fortune ... the globe to participate in a unique and intimate team-building experience. , Each event ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 25, 2016 , ... ... Michael Fitzmaurice recently became double board-certified in surgery and surgery of the hand ... Dr. Fitzmaurice is no stranger to going above and beyond in his pursuit ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... LAKE CITY, UTAH. (PRWEB) , ... May 25, 2016 , ... ... efficiencies in healthcare information exchange, today announced that Charles W. Stellar has been named ... as WEDI’s interim CEO since January 2016. As an executive leader with more than ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 24, 2016 , ... ... attacks, diabetes, and traumatic injuries, will be accelerated by research at Worcester Polytechnic ... into engines of wound healing and tissue regeneration. , The novel method, developed ...
Breaking Biology Technology: