Navigation Links
Scientist postulates 4 aspects of 'humaniqueness' differentiating human and animal cognition
Date:2/17/2008

CAMBRIDGE, Mass. Shedding new light on the great cognitive rift between humans and animals, a Harvard University scientist has synthesized four key differences in human and animal cognition into a hypothesis on what exactly differentiates human and animal thought.

In new work presented for the first time at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Marc Hauser, professor of psychology, biological anthropology, and organismic and evolutionary biology in Harvards Faculty of Arts and Sciences, presents his theory of humaniqueness, the factors that make human cognition special. He presents four evolved mechanisms of human thought that give us access to a wide range of information and the ability to find creative solutions to new problems based on access to this information.

Animals share many of the building blocks that comprise human thought, but paradoxically, there is a great cognitive gap between humans and animals, Hauser says. By looking at key differences in cognitive abilities, we find the elements of human cognition that are uniquely human. The challenge is to identify which systems animals and human share, which are unique, and how these systems interact and interface with one another.

Recently, scientists have found that some animals think in ways that were once considered unique to humans: For example, some animals have episodic memory, or non-linguistic mathematical ability, or the capacity to navigate using landmarks. However, despite these apparent similarities, a cognitive gulf remains between humans and animals.

Hauser presents four distinguishing ingredients of human cognition, and shows how these capacities make human thought unique. These four novel components of human thought are the ability to combine and recombine different types of information and knowledge in order to gain new understanding; to apply the same rule or solution to one problem to a different and new s
'/>"/>

Contact: Amy Lavoie
amy_lavoie@harvard.edu
617-496-9982
Harvard University
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Dung happens and helps scientists
2. Swedish university honors probiotics scientist
3. Priming scientists for successful media interviews
4. Cell biologists announce child-care grants for scientist-parents at annual meeting
5. Scientists expand understanding of how river carbon impacts the Arctic Ocean
6. Fishermen and UCSB scientists explore ways to improve management of California spiny lobsters
7. Scientists rebuild ancient proteins to reveal primordial Earths temperature
8. Rice scientists make breakthrough in single-molecule sensing
9. Carnegie Mellon scientists develop fluorescent proteins for live cell imaging, biosensor design
10. Scientists obtain core samples from subsea fault system off Japan
11. Core blimey! University of Leicester scientist calls for geological time machine
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:8/24/2015)... 24, 2015 The consulting company Frost ... biometrics manufacturer DERMALOG and its customized solutions and products for ... Company of the Year Award". DERMALOG is particularly successful with ...   -Cross reference: Picture is available at AP ... On Thursday evening, in South Africa,s ...
(Date:8/20/2015)... , Aug. 20, 2015 The ... consumers that are active and healthy. However, wearable ... the hospital environment to help improve diagnostic capabilities ... video from the Wearable Technologies Conference 2015 ... new applications for wearables in healthcare.    ...
(Date:8/20/2015)... NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ) ("NXT-ID" ... the growing mobile commerce market and creator of the ... Card Alliance and the EMV Migration Forum.  ... Card Alliance Latin America (SCALA) Chapter provides NXT-ID, Inc. ... leaders promoting adoption of smart card technology. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Frost & Sullivan Honors DERMALOG with Biometrics Prize for Achievements in Africa 2Frost & Sullivan Honors DERMALOG with Biometrics Prize for Achievements in Africa 3Leaf Healthcare Releases Video from Wearable Technology Conference on New Applications for Wearables in the Hospital Environment 2Leaf Healthcare Releases Video from Wearable Technology Conference on New Applications for Wearables in the Hospital Environment 3NXT-ID, Inc. Joins Smart Card Alliance and EMV Migration Forum 2NXT-ID, Inc. Joins Smart Card Alliance and EMV Migration Forum 3NXT-ID, Inc. Joins Smart Card Alliance and EMV Migration Forum 4
... of ASU researchers led by Nongjian Tao and Peiming Zhang ... DNA mutations. , Their results, published in the journal Proceedings ... time, the possibility of directly identifying these mutations, or single ... of a single DNA molecule. , SNPs are buried ...
... Oregon State University have made a major discovery in basic ... in plant genetics or biotechnology. , The scientists have identified ... cell membranes, where it functions as a toxin to kill ... can penetrate cell wall barriers and disrupt plant cells, but ...
... antiretroviral therapy for HIV slashed in poorer countries. But a ... these complex treatments remains a stumbling block. , Now ... solution: a hand-held sensor that checks the health of a ... take a week to get the same results back from ...
Cached Biology News:ASU researchers 'wire' DNA to identify mutations 2ASU researchers 'wire' DNA to identify mutations 3Biologists discover new pathway into plant cells 2Biologists discover new pathway into plant cells 3Cheap, rapid hand-held check for HIV 2
(Date:8/27/2015)... -- HUYA Bioscience International (HUYA) today announced the sponsorship of ... HTLV-1, held this week at the University of Tokyo ... is to promote research on HTLV-1 and HTLV-1-associated diseases, ... research related to these fields to advance science, the ... to support this prestigious conference," said Mireille Gillings ...
(Date:8/27/2015)... ... August 27, 2015 , ... METTLER TOLEDO's web-based ... down the product choices to a manageable shortlist of bench and floor scales ... models that fit best with the customer’s industry and application. , Side-by-side ...
(Date:8/26/2015)... ... August 26, 2015 , ... MediVet Biologics, ... second US laboratory is to open in Manhattan, Kansas in early October, 2015. ... long-term growth of research and development through collaboration with researchers from Kansas State ...
(Date:8/26/2015)... ... August 26, 2015 , ... Lee Biosolutions, a global biotech ... manufacture of highly valued cardiac markers used in early detection of heart disease ... chemistry has led to the development and commercialization of important cardiac biomarkers used ...
Breaking Biology Technology:HUYA Bioscience International Sponsors Japan Society Of HTLV-1 Annual Meeting 2HUYA Bioscience International Sponsors Japan Society Of HTLV-1 Annual Meeting 3HUYA Bioscience International Sponsors Japan Society Of HTLV-1 Annual Meeting 4METTLER TOLEDO Updates Online Scale Selection Tool 2MediVet Biologics Animal Health Secures Additional Laboratory Facility in Manhattan, Kansas 2MediVet Biologics Animal Health Secures Additional Laboratory Facility in Manhattan, Kansas 3Lee Biosolutions Announces Increased Investment in the Development and Manufacturing of Biomarkers Used in Early Detection Of Heart Disease 2
... Innovator in Pharmaceutical Thin Film,Technology -, WARREN, ... delivery,company specializing in quick dissolving thin film pharmaceutical ... patent No. 7,425,292 from the,United States Patent and ... expected to issue on September 16, 2008, relates,to ...
... Inc. is,pleased to announce the release of TreatmentTrends(TM): Anemia ... with Anemia Managers. It is,based on the results of ... working with dialysis patients and 50 working with later ... a,subset of 25 respondents. The report focuses on the ...
... Sept. 11 Neurobiological,Technologies, Inc. (NTI(R)) (Nasdaq: NTII ... quarter and year-end financial results on September,16, 2008., ... its financial results.,Details for the fiscal year-end call are ... 2008 -- Time: 10:30 a.m. ET, 9:30 a.m. ...
Cached Biology Technology:MonoSol Rx Granted Strategic US Patent for Thin Film Manufacturing Process 2MonoSol Rx Granted Strategic US Patent for Thin Film Manufacturing Process 3New Study by BioTrends Highlights Anemia Practice Patterns According to Anemia Managers in Both Dialysis Units and CKD Clinics/Offices 2New Study by BioTrends Highlights Anemia Practice Patterns According to Anemia Managers in Both Dialysis Units and CKD Clinics/Offices 3Neurobiological Technologies Announces Dates for 2008 Fiscal Year End Financial Results Conference Call and Presentation at MCF Investor Summit 2
Mouse Endoglin/CD105 Fluorescein MAb (Clone 209701)...
Catalase (Control)...
Human RELT/TNFRSF19L MAb (Clone 238104)...
... assay kit measures NOS activity by monitoring ... This assay is simple, sensitive, and specific ... with both crude and purified enzyme preparations. ... for 50 total reactions. Radiolabeled arginine and ...
Biology Products: