Navigation Links
School closure could reduce swine flu transmission by 21 percent
Date:11/26/2009

A survey carried out in eight European countries has shown that closing schools in the event of an infectious disease pandemic could have a significant role in reducing illness transmission. Researchers writing in the open access journal BMC Infectious Diseases compared opportunities for infection on school days and weekends/holidays, finding that they were reduced when schools are shut.

Niel Hens, from Hasselt and Antwerp University, Belgium, led a team of European researchers in using previously published data from Belgium, England & Wales, Finland, Germany, Italy, Luxemburg, Poland and The Netherlands to estimate the effects of school closure on the number of close contacts people make in a day. He said, "Mathematical models of how infectious diseases spread from person to person through close contacts rely on assumptions regarding the underlying transmission process. One of these assumptions is that school closure will result in reduced exposure for children. Until now, however, the exact impact of this measure has not been proven".

Hens and his colleagues found that, in general, contacts are reduced by about 10% when schools are closed. On weekends between-generation mixing becomes more frequent (eg, through family gatherings), and same age mixing becomes relatively less frequent. According to Hens, "Children are important spreaders of many close contact pathogens due to their frequent and intimate social contacts, their general hygiene, and perhaps their increased shedding. The reduced opportunity for contact we describe here would be a great benefit in a pandemic situation".

The researchers conclude, "If we can assume that school closure in a pandemic situation resembles school closure during holiday periods, then our results show that such a strategy would have significant impact on disease transmission, of about 21%. Of course, this is a conservative estimate as, during a pandemic, typical weekend activities with a strong social component such as team sports and cultural outings may not take place. On the other hand, the expected large macroeconomic costs of school closures would have to be balanced against these benefits".


'/>"/>

Contact: Graeme Baldwin
graeme.baldwin@bioedcentral.com
44-782-570-6422
BioMed Central
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Science learning outside of school
2. American Dietetic Association supports IOM recommendations on school meal programs
3. El Paso County serves as a model for obesity prevention, according to UT School of Public Health study
4. Science wins fight over evolution in schools, says Case Western Reserve University author
5. NIH funds new phase of high school-university research partnership
6. No comfort in comfort foods during tough economic times, says Moore School of Business study
7. K-State researchers say after-school programs should promote activity, healthy nutrition
8. UT multimedia program increases middle school interest in science
9. Study finds childrens activity levels not influenced by more PE time in school
10. IPM reduces cockroaches and allergens in schools
11. U of Minnesota study finds high school teachers influence student views of evolution & creationism
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/9/2016)... , UAE, May 9, 2016 ... when it comes to expanding freedom for high net ... Even in today,s globally connected world, there is ... conferencing system could ever duplicate sealing your deal with ... obtaining second passports by taking advantage of citizenship via ...
(Date:4/26/2016)... BANGALORE, India and LONDON ... Infosys Finacle, part of EdgeVerve Systems, a ... ), and Onegini today announced a partnership to ... banking solutions.      (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20151104/283829LOGO ... banks to provide their customers enhanced security to ...
(Date:4/15/2016)... April 15, 2016 Research ... Gait Biometrics Market 2016-2020,"  report to their offering.  ... ) , ,The global gait biometrics market is ... during the period 2016-2020. Gait analysis ... can be used to compute factors that are ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... May 27, 2016 , ... Doctors in Italy, Japan, the UK and the ... associated protein (BAP1) gene and its link to malignant mesothelioma. Surviving Mesothelioma has just ... the full article now. , The studies analyzed for the new report included ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... , May 27, 2016 At present, ... playing in this space know that volatility is what makes ... companies on ActiveWallSt.com: Synta Pharmaceuticals Corp. (NASDAQ: SNTA ... Inc. (NASDAQ: LPTN ), and Heat Biologics Inc. ... access to the technical alerts for these stocks at: ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... Jersey and READING, England ... Indegene ( http://www.indegene.com ), a leading global ... life science, pharmaceutical and healthcare organisations and TranScrip ... innovative scientific support throughout the product lifecycle, today ... the launch of IntraScience.      (Logo: ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... , May 26, 2016 Despite the ... value in this space. Today,s pre-market research on ActiveWallSt.com directs ... Health Inc. (NASDAQ: RDUS ), Cerus Corp. (NASDAQ: ... ARWR ), and Five Prime Therapeutics Inc. (NASDAQ: ... briefings at: http://www.activewallst.com/ On ...
Breaking Biology Technology: