Navigation Links
Sarcospan, a little protein for a big problem
Date:11/2/2008

The overlooked and undervalued protein, sarcospan, just got its moment in the spotlight. Peter et al. now show that adding it to muscle cells might ameliorate the most severe form of muscular dystrophy.

In Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), the mutated dystrophin protein fails to anchor correctly to its membrane glycoprotein complex. And without this anchoring, muscle cells experience severe contraction-induced damage. Sarcospan is part of the anchoring complex, but because mice without sarcospan don't seem any worse for its absence, it hasn't received much attention. Sarcospan's structure, however, suggests it might help stabilize the membrane complex, so the authors decided to test the effects of increasing sarcospan expression in a DMD mouse model.

The increase did not improve the dystrophinglycoprotein interaction, but instead, the team was surprised to find sarcospan coaxed a dystrophin relative called utrophin to spread out on the muscle membrane. Utrophin is normally restricted to the neuromuscular junction, where it serves a role similar to that of dystrophin.

The extra sarcospan prompted higher levels of utrophin in the cell, but not by increasing its expression. Sarcospan instead stabilized extrajunctional utrophin complexes, which normally form early in development and then disappear after the first few weeks of life.

Mouse muscle cells were protected by sarcospan, but the true importance of this discovery will lie in its potential for human therapeutics, specifically gene therapy. In that regard, sarcospan's small gene size is significantat 600 bp, it is easily packaged into the safest viral vectors, unlike either dystrophin or utrophin, which are about 700 times larger and require more immunogenic vectors.


'/>"/>

Contact: Sati Motieram
motierd@mail.rockefeller.edu
212-327-8581
Rockefeller University Press
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. Beetles get by with a little help from their friends
2. Modest CO2 cutbacks may be too little, too late for coral reefs
3. A little nitrogen can go a long way
4. Building a stronger roof over your head: 3 little pigs project begins first tests
5. Little teeth suggest big jump in primate timeline
6. MSU researcher uses grant to study little-known but largely useful microbes
7. Getting better with a little help from our micro friends
8. Too much or too little weight gain poses risks to pregnant mothers, babies
9. Variety is the spice of life: too many males, too little time...
10. Ancient lemurs little finger poses mystery
11. Book on little-known species and conservation provides guidance to managers and others
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/24/2016)... IRVINE, Calif. , May 24, 2016 Ampronix facilitates superior patient care ... LMD3251MT  3D medical LCD display is the latest premium product recently added to ... ... ... Sony 3d Imaging- LCD Medical Display- Ampronix News ...
(Date:5/9/2016)... Elevay is currently known as ... for high net worth professionals seeking travel for work ... world, there is still no substitute for a face-to-face ... your deal with a firm handshake. This is why ... of citizenship via investment programs like those offered by ...
(Date:4/26/2016)... LONDON , April 26, 2016 ... a product subsidiary of Infosys (NYSE: ... to integrate the Onegini mobile security platform with ... http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20151104/283829LOGO ) The integration will ... to access and transact across channels. Using this ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... Andrew D Zelenetz ... Published recently in Oncology ... touchONCOLOGY, Andrew D Zelenetz , discusses the ... is placing an increasing burden on healthcare systems ... With the patents on many biologics expiring, interest ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... ... June 23, 2016 , ... ClinCapture, ... Pennsylvania Convention Center and will showcase its product’s latest features from June 26 ... presenting a scientific poster on Disrupting Clinical Trials in The Cloud during the ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... June 23, 2016 , ... ... a new line of intelligent tools designed, tuned and optimized exclusively for Okuma ... 12–17 in Chicago. The result of a collaboration among several companies with expertise ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... June 23, 2016 ReportsnReports.com ... report to its pharmaceuticals section with historic and ... and much more. Complete report on ... pages, profiling 15 companies and supported with 261 ... http://www.reportsnreports.com/reports/601420-global-cell-culture-media-industry-2016-market-research-report.html . The Global Cell ...
Breaking Biology Technology: