Navigation Links
Salt-loving microbe provides new enzymes for the production of next-gen biofuels
Date:6/30/2011

In order to realize the full potential of advanced biofuels that are derived from non-food sources of lignocellulosic biomasse.g., agricultural, forestry, and municipal waste, and crops such as poplar, switchgrass and miscanthusnew technologies that can efficiently and cost-effectively break down this biomass into simple sugars are required. Existing biomass pretreatment technologies are typically derived from the pulp and paper industry and rely on dilute acids and bases to break down the biomass. The treated biomass product is then exposed to biological catalysts, or enzymes, to liberate the sugars.

A new class of solvents, referred to as ionic liquids, have been reported to be much more efficient in treating the biomass and enhancing the yield of sugars liberated from it. While ionic liquids are useful for breaking down biomass, they can also hinder the ability of the cellulases (usually derived from fungi) used to produce sugars after pretreatment. Ionic liquids are a liquid form of salt that will inactivate enzymes by interfering with the folding of polypeptidesthe building-blocks of proteins. To help identify new enzymes that are tolerant of ionic liquids, researchers from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Joint Genome Institute (JGI) and the Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI) at DOE's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory are turning to those found in the complete genome sequences of halophilic (salt-tolerant) organisms.

As a test of this bioenergy-related application of DNA sequencing and enzyme discovery, researchers led by the Director of the DOE JGI, Eddy Rubin, and the Vice-President of the JBEI Deconstruction Division, Blake Simmons, employed a cellulose-degrading enzyme from a salt-tolerant microbe that was isolated from the Great Salt Lake. The microbe in question, Halorhabdus utahensis, is from the branch of the tree of life known as Archaea; H. utahensis was isolated from the natural environment
'/>"/>

Contact: David Gilbert
925-296-5643
DOE/Joint Genome Institute
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Gatekeepers: Penn study discovers how microbes make it past tight spaces between cells
2. Striking the right balance: JBEI researchers counteract biofuel toxicity in microbes
3. It takes a community of soil microbes to protect plants from disease
4. Researchers ID microbe responsible for methane from landfills
5. Ecology of microbes focus of workshop
6. This microbes for you: Brewery waste becomes scientific fodder for producing liquid biofuels
7. MIT scientists say ocean currents cause microbes to filter light
8. Everything you wanted to know about microbes and oil spills but were afraid to ask
9. Choosing your neighbors: MBL scientists see how microbes relate in space
10. SRNL demonstrating low-energy remediation with patented microbes
11. Tracing microbes between individuals towards personalized oral health care
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Salt-loving microbe provides new enzymes for the production of next-gen biofuels
(Date:10/15/2014)... WASHINGTON, N.Y. , Oct. 15, 2014 /PRNewswire/ ... technology solutions for home and community-based care, today ... benefits of implementing Sandata,s Santrax® Electronic Visit Verification™ ... Care Services is a home health company founded ... Texas . The ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... bacterial pneumonia in female mice to an enzyme activated ... naturally more resistant to respiratory infections than males. Now, ... resistance to bacterial pneumonia in female mice is linked ... also show that this enzyme is ultimately activated by ... The team, lead by Professor Lester Kobzik at the ...
(Date:10/14/2014)... Research shows SIRT6—a protein known to inhibit the ... of skin cancers by turning on an enzyme that ... , Previously considered protective, SIRT6 is part of a ... genomic stability and prevent some of the genetic flaws ... can lead to cancer. This study, in the journal,s ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Sandata Announces Case Study with Quality Care Services, Inc. 2Two-faced gene: SIRT6 prevents some cancers but promotes sun-induced skin cancer 2
... (ESA) will present its fifth annual Regional Policy Award ... during the Society,s upcoming conference in Portland, Oregon. The ... who has an outstanding record of informing political decision-making ... present this prestigious award to Ken Bierly for his ...
... (Boston) A recent study led by Boston University School ... plays a significant role in the regulation of high fat, ... which are published online in PLoS ONE , also ... type 2 diabetes. Katya Ravid, DSc/PhD, professor of ...
... Institution (WHOI) researchers have partnered with two companies ... WHOI: the Imaging FlowCytobot, an automated underwater microscope, ... light to provide wireless transmission of data, including ... WHOI biologists Robert Olson and Heidi Sosik, creators ...
Cached Biology News:Ken Bierly of the Oregon Watershed Enhancement Board to receive ESA Regional Policy Award 2Ken Bierly of the Oregon Watershed Enhancement Board to receive ESA Regional Policy Award 3BUSM study identifies receptor's role in regulating obesity, type 2 diabetes 2WHOI scientists/engineers partner with companies to market revolutionary new instruments 2WHOI scientists/engineers partner with companies to market revolutionary new instruments 3WHOI scientists/engineers partner with companies to market revolutionary new instruments 4
(Date:10/22/2014)... 2014 WriteResult, LLC – a ... been working with a team of researchers from Yale ... Community Farming Collaborative to provide electronic questionnaire data collection ... study, which started in May, aims to evaluate the ... weekly exposure to and participation in urban agriculture to ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... (PRWEB) October 22, 2014 According ... Market by Service Type (Consulting, Integration, Deployment & ... by Deployment Model (Public, Private, Others (Hybrid & ... MarketsandMarkets, defines and segments the Cloud Professional Services ... and forecasting of revenues. It also identifies the ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... 22, 2014 Research and Markets  has ... by Material, by Application, Geography - Global Analysis and ... Organic electronics, also called as polymer ... science which deals with small conductive molecules and electrically ... molecules and polymers are carbon based, made using synthetic ...
(Date:10/20/2014)... (PRWEB) October 20, 2014 Convey ... that a team from Iowa State University won first ... contest. Using a Convey HC-2ex, the team’s solution achieved ... times faster than the second place finisher. , Experts ... embarked upon the month long challenge, using a variety ...
Breaking Biology Technology:myPROpad™ Topic of Panel Discussion at the Yale Food Systems Symposium 2myPROpad™ Topic of Panel Discussion at the Yale Food Systems Symposium 3Cloud Professional Services Market by Public, Private, Hybrid & Community Expected to Reach $34.41 Billion by 2019 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 2Cloud Professional Services Market by Public, Private, Hybrid & Community Expected to Reach $34.41 Billion by 2019 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 3Cloud Professional Services Market by Public, Private, Hybrid & Community Expected to Reach $34.41 Billion by 2019 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 4Cloud Professional Services Market by Public, Private, Hybrid & Community Expected to Reach $34.41 Billion by 2019 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 5Global Organic Electronics (Semiconductor, Conductive, Dielectric and Substrate) Market - Analysis and Forecast (2014 - 2020) 2Global Organic Electronics (Semiconductor, Conductive, Dielectric and Substrate) Market - Analysis and Forecast (2014 - 2020) 3Team from Iowa State Wins 2014 MemoCODE Design Contest Using Convey HC-2ex 2Team from Iowa State Wins 2014 MemoCODE Design Contest Using Convey HC-2ex 3
... Oct. 17 Panacea Pharmaceuticals,Inc. announced today ... diagnostic test, is now available from Panacea ... that should facilitate the identification,of recurrence among ... a division of Panacea Pharmaceuticals, is certified ...
... SBS, CALGARY, Oct. 17 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ - Botaneco, ... announced that it has reached an,agreement with AVAC ... the,development of Botaneco as an independent business. The ... period, beginning in the fourth,quarter of 2007, upon ...
... KYPH ) announced today that its stockholders approved ... MDT ) at a special,meeting of stockholders held ... Kyphon entered into a,definitive merger agreement with Medtronic, pursuant ... shares of Kyphon common stock for,$71.00 per share in ...
Cached Biology Technology:Panacea Pharmaceuticals Announces the Availability of BC Detect(SM), a Serum- Based Diagnostic Test for Breast Cancer 2Panacea Pharmaceuticals Announces the Availability of BC Detect(SM), a Serum- Based Diagnostic Test for Breast Cancer 3Panacea Pharmaceuticals Announces the Availability of BC Detect(SM), a Serum- Based Diagnostic Test for Breast Cancer 4Botaneco obtains $2.4 million in funding from AVAC 2Botaneco obtains $2.4 million in funding from AVAC 3Kyphon Stockholders Approve Merger with Medtronic 2
... have been many modifications to the original formulas ... solutions still play an important role in tissue,culture. ... pH and osmotic balance in the medium and ... inorganic ions, is as valuable today as when ...
Request Info...
... LXQ linear ion trap mass spectrometer enables ... laboratory., The LXQ linear ion trap mass ... proteomic applications, delivering the fast cycle time ... ion trap at an attractive price. ...
... Safe DNA gel stain was developed specifically for ... bromide for staining DNA in agarose or acrylamide ... mutagenic than ethidium bromide but SYBR Safe stain's ... bromide. SYBR Safe stain comes as a premixed ...
Biology Products: