Navigation Links
Salmonella infection mitigates asthma
Date:1/23/2014

Researchers from Germany have identified the mechanism by which Salmonella infections can reduce the incidence of asthma in mice. The research, which appears ahead of print in the journal Infection and Immunity, opens up new avenues of research that could lead to treatments.

Incidence of allergies has climbed dramatically in recent years. A leading theory, the "hygiene hypothesis," posits that this surge results from the modern western obsession with cleanliness, which is leaving immune systems inexperienced and improperly developed. Earlier research had suggested that there is a reduced incidence of asthma in children who have been infected with Salmonella.

In their study, as per previous research, the investigators saw that Salmonella infection correlated with reduced airway inflammation, says first author Venkateswaran Ganesh.

Ganesh traced the reduction in inflammation to reduced production of an inflammatory compound called interleukin-4, which is produced by T helper-2 cells.

Ganesh found that an increase in production of a certain type of "myeloid" immune cell was responsible for regulating the T helper-2 cells to produce less interleukin-4. Myeloid cells include an array of immune cells, and are ultimately derived from the bone marrow. "By performing cell culture assays and studies in rodents, we could determine the influence of myeloid cells on Th2 cells," he explains.

The research could lead to treatments based on the use of commensal bacteria (harmless, oft-helpful inhabitants of the body) resembling Salmonella as probiotics, or the application of myeloid cells as therapeutics, says Ganesh.

Roughly 26 million Americans, 8.2 percent of the population, have asthma, including 7.1 million (9.5%) children, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jim Sliwa
jsliwa@asmusa.org
202-942-9297
American Society for Microbiology
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. Researchers track antibiotic-resistant strains of Salmonella from farm to fork
2. Danes contract Salmonella infections abroad
3. Probiotic bacterium lessens severity of Salmonella infections by hoarding iron
4. Researchers develop a faster method to identify Salmonella strains
5. Salmonella uses protective switch during infection
6. Biofilms help Salmonella survive hostile conditions, Virginia Tech researchers say
7. Mechanisms involved in resistance to the bacteria Salmonella studied in a Ph.D. thesis
8. Assessing a new technique for ensuring fresh produce remains Salmonella-free
9. Salmonella infection, but not as we know it
10. UCSB researchers discover particularly dangerous Salmonella
11. UCSB researchers find a way to detect stealthy, hypervirulent Salmonella strains
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/13/2016)... 2016  IMPOWER physicians supporting Medicaid patients in ... clinical standard in telehealth thanks to a new partnership ... platform, IMPOWER patients can routinely track key health measurements, ... index, and, when they opt in, share them with ... a local retail location at no cost. By leveraging ...
(Date:3/22/2016)... March 22, 2016 ... Sensors Market for Consumer Industry by Type (Image, ... Application (Communication & IT, Entertainment, Home Appliances, ... Forecast to 2022", published by MarketsandMarkets, the ... to reach USD 26.76 Billion by 2022, ...
(Date:3/15/2016)... , March 15, 2016 --> ... published by Transparency Market Research "Digital Door Lock Systems Market ... 2015 - 2023," the global digital door lock systems market ... in 2014 and is forecast to grow at a CAGR ... micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) across the world and ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/29/2016)... Italy , April 29, 2016 ... 5.11, the latest update to its industry-leading treatment planning ... shown that Monaco version 5.11 ... can now attain calculation speeds up to four times ... . With the industry,s gold standard ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... NEW YORK , April 28, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... biotechnology acceleration company reports the Company,s CEO  was ... capital titled Accelerators Enter When VCs Fear To ... Life Science Leader magazine is an ... work for everything from emerging biotechs to Big ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... ... April 28, 2016 , ... Next week on ... on its first-in-class technologies for tissue stem cell counting and expansion to gene-editing ... to Reprogramming & CRISPR-based Genome Engineering in Burlington, Massachusetts. , The attention of ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Morris Midwest ( http://www.morrismidwest.com ), a division ... its Maple Grove, Minnesota technical center, May 11-12. The event will feature ... 20 leading suppliers of tooling, accessories, software and other related technology will participate ...
Breaking Biology Technology: