Navigation Links
Rutgers chemists develop technology to produce clean-burning hydrogen fuel
Date:7/14/2014

Rutgers researchers have developed a technology that could overcome a major cost barrier to make clean-burning hydrogen fuel a fuel that could replace expensive and environmentally harmful fossil fuels.

The new technology is a novel catalyst that performs almost as well as cost-prohibitive platinum for so-called electrolysis reactions, which use electric currents to split water molecules into hydrogen and oxygen. The Rutgers technology is also far more efficient than less-expensive catalysts investigated to-date.

"Hydrogen has long been expected to play a vital role in our future energy landscapes by mitigating, if not completely eliminating, our reliance on fossil fuels," said Tewodros (Teddy) Asefa, associate professor of chemistry and chemical biology in the School of Arts and Sciences. "We have developed a sustainable chemical catalyst that, we hope with the right industry partner, can bring this vision to life."

Asefa is also an associate professor of chemical and biochemical engineering in the School of Engineering.

He and his colleagues based their new catalyst on carbon nanotubes one-atom-thick sheets of carbon rolled into tubes 10,000 times thinner than a human hair.

Finding ways to make electrolysis reactions commercially viable is important because processes that make hydrogen today start with methane itself a fossil fuel. The need to consume fossil fuel therefore negates current claims that hydrogen is a "green" fuel.

Electrolysis, however, could produce hydrogen using electricity generated by renewable sources, such as solar, wind and hydro energy, or by carbon-neutral sources, such as nuclear energy. And even if fossil fuels were used for electrolysis, the higher efficiency and better emissions controls of large power plants could give hydrogen fuel cells an advantage over less efficient and more polluting gasoline and diesel engines in millions of vehicles and other applications.

In a recent scientific paper published in Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Asefa and his colleagues reported that their technology, called "noble metal-free nitrogen-rich carbon nanotubes," efficiently catalyze the hydrogen evolution reaction with activities close to that of platinum. They also function well in acidic, neutral or basic conditions, allowing them to be coupled with the best available oxygen-evolving catalysts that also play crucial roles in the water-splitting reaction.

The researchers have filed for a patent on the catalyst, which is available for licensing or research collaborations through the Rutgers Office of Technology Commercialization. The National Science Foundation funded the research.


'/>"/>
Contact: Carl Blesch
cblesch@ucm.rutgers.edu
848-932-0550
Rutgers University
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Rutgers-Camden genetics researcher receives NSF CAREER Award
2. Rutgers study: Worms may shed light on human ability to handle chronic stress
3. Toxicity database under development at Rutgers-Camden
4. Sniffing out danger: Rutgers scientists say fearful memories can trigger heightened sense of smell
5. Rutgers gets up to $26 million grant to lead development of new antibiotics
6. UC Berkeley chemists installing first carbon dioxide sensor network in Oakland
7. UMass Amherst biochemists developing tools to stop plague and other bacterial threats
8. Chemists advance clear conductive thin films
9. Chemists develop reversible method of tagging proteins
10. Chemists devise inexpensive, benchtop method for marking and selecting cells
11. UCI chemists devise inexpensive, accurate way to detect prostate cancer
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Rutgers chemists develop technology to produce clean-burning hydrogen fuel
(Date:3/20/2017)... , March 20, 2017 At this year,s CeBIT ... -based biometrics manufacturer DERMALOG. The Chancellor came to the DERMALOG stand together ... is this year,s CeBIT partner country. At the largest German biometrics company ... use: fingerprint, face and iris recognition as well as DERMALOG´s multi-biometrics system.   ... ...
(Date:3/9/2017)... , March 9, 2017 4Dx has ... World Lung Imaging Workshop at the University of Pennsylvania. ... invited to deliver the latest data to world leaders ... event brings together leaders at the forefront of the ... lung imaging. "The quality of the ...
(Date:3/6/2017)... , March 6, 2017 ... sales technology, today announced Predictive Sales Coach TM ... infusing actionable sales intelligence into Salesforce. This unique ... enable their sales organizations with deep knowledge of ... allow for intelligent engagement. Predictive Sales Coach extends ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... 2017 , ... AxioMed president, Jake Lubinski, describes the AxioMed ... deformed, which is identical to how the human discs work to distribute force. ... to its natural state along a hysteresis curve, exactly like a healthy human ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... 2017 Research and Markets has announced ... report to their offering. ... The Global Market for Bioproducts Should ... at a CAGR of 8.9%, This research ... into seven major product segments: bio-derived chemicals, biofuels, pharmaceuticals (biodrugs ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... , March 23, 2017  SeraCare ... to global in vitro diagnostics manufacturers and ... the industry,s first multiplexed Inherited Cancer ... testing by next-generation sequencing (NGS). The Seraseq™ ... developed with input from industry experts to ...
(Date:3/23/2017)...  BioPharmX Corporation (NYSE MKT: BPMX), a specialty ... today reported financial results for the quarter and ... an update on the company,s clinical development efforts ... are pleased to report that last year was ... Anja Krammer. "We achieved key clinical milestones and ...
Breaking Biology Technology: