Navigation Links
Revolutionary surgical technique for perforations of the eardrum
Date:1/16/2012

This release is available in French.

A revolutionary surgical technique for treating perforations of the tympanic membrane (eardrum) in children and adults has been developed at the Sainte-Justine University Hospital Centre, an affiliate of the Universit de Montreal, by Dr. Issam Saliba. The new technique, which is as effective as traditional surgery and far less expensive, can be performed in 20 minutes at an outpatient clinic during a routine visit to an ENT specialist. The result is a therapeutic treatment that will be much easier for patients and parents, making surgery more readily available and substantially reducing clogged waiting lists.

"In the past five years, I've operated on 132 young patients in the outpatient clinic at the Sainte-Justine UHC using this technique, as well as on 286 adults at the University of Montreal Hospital Centre (CHUM) outpatient clinic," says Dr. Saliba. "Regardless of the size of the perforation, the results are as good as those obtained using traditional techniques, with the incomparable advantage that patients don't have to lose an entire working day, or 10 days or more off school in the case of children."

The technique, which Dr. Saliba has designated "HAFGM" (Hyaluronic Acid Fat Graft Myringoplasty), requires only basic materials: a scalpel, forceps, a probe, a small container of hyaluronic acid, a small amount of fat taken from behind the ear and a local anesthetic. The operation, which is performed through the ear canal, allows the body by itself to rebuild the entire tympanic membrane after about two months on average, allowing patients to recover their hearing completely and preventing recurring cases of ear infection (otitis). Because it requires no general anesthetic, operating theatre or hospitalization, the technique makes surgery much more readily available, particularly outside large hospital centres, and at considerably lower cost.

"With the traditional techniques, you have to be on the waiting list for up to a year and a half in order to be operated on. Myringoplasty (reconstruction of the eardrum) using the HAFGM technique reduces waiting times, cost of the procedure and time lost by parents and children. What's more, it will help clear the backlogs on waiting lists," Dr. Saliba says.

Perforations of the eardrum

Myringoplasty is surgical procedures to repair the tympanic membrane or eardrum when it has been perforated or punctured as the result of infection, trauma or dislodgement of a myringotomy tube (also known as a pressure equalization tube). Surgical repair of the perforation will allow the patient to recover his or her hearing and prevent repeated ear infections, particularly after swimming or shower. Traditionally, these procedures are performed using what are known as lateral and medial techniques, which require hospitalization for at least one day, and 10 to 15 days off work. Every year in Quebec, some 750 myringoplasties are performed on adult or child patients.

Details of the study

This world premiere of a new form of eardrum surgery is based on results of a four-year prospective cohort study of 208 children and adolescents, 73 of whom were treated using the new HAFGM technique. This study was published on December 16, 2011 in the scientific journal Archives of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery by Dr. Issam Saliba, otolaryngologist (ear, nose and throat or ENT specialist), surgeon and researcher at the Sainte-Justine University Hospital Centre affiliated with the Universit de Montral, where he is also professor of otology and neuro-otology. Dr. Saliba is also a surgeon and researcher at the CHUM, where he conducted a similar study, applying the same HAFGM technique to cohorts of adult patients between 2007 and 2010, with publication in the August 20, 2008 issue of the scientific journal Clinical Otolaryngology and subsequently in the February 12, 2011 issue of The Laryngoscope. The University of Montreal and Sainte-Justine University Hospital Centre are known officially as Universit de Montral and Centre hospitalier universitaire Sainte-Justine, respectively.


'/>"/>

Contact: William Raillant-Clark
w.raillant-clark@umontreal.ca
514-343-7593
University of Montreal
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Singapore-US scientists first to develop revolutionary microchip that uses 30 times less energy
2. Clemson chemists present revolutionary teaching concepts
3. A revolutionary new model for Alzheimers disease
4. New advance in revolutionary bullet fingerprinting technique
5. Revolutionary drug could be new hope for adrenal cancer patients
6. AFOSRs basic research may lead to revolutionary new devices
7. Revolutionary water treatment units on their way to Afghanistan
8. Cameras of the future: heart researchers create revolutionary photographic technique
9. A revolutionary breakthrough in terahertz remote sensing
10. Researcher finds revolutionary way to treat eye cancer
11. SomaLogic researchers describe revolutionary new approach to protein analysis and application to early diagnosis of lung cancer
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/12/2016)... DALLAS , May 12, 2016 ... has just published the overview results from the Q1 ... of the recent wave was consumers, receptivity to a ... wearables data with a health insurance company. ... choose to share," says Michael LaColla , CEO ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... SAN FRANCISCO and BANGALORE, India ... part of EdgeVerve Systems, a product subsidiary of Infosys (NYSE: ... service provider, today announced a global partnership that ... convenient way to use mobile banking and payment services. ... Mobility is a key innovation area for financial services, but ...
(Date:4/26/2016)... 2016 Research and Markets has ... Market 2016-2020"  report to their offering.  , ,     ... The analysts forecast the global multimodal biometrics market ... the period 2016-2020.  Multimodal biometrics is ... as the healthcare, BFSI, transportation, automotive, and government ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/23/2016)... BOSTON and LONDON , May 23, ... 10 Could See Frontage Boost Efficiency by 40% - ... - Frontage Enforce Quality, Compliance and Traceability Within the ... (CRO) with labs in the United States ... 10 to be deployed across its laboratory facilities. In addition ...
(Date:5/20/2016)... ... , ... Kablooe Design, a leading provider of product design and development services ... the business. “We have worked hard to build long-term relationships,” says President and CEO, ... honor of serving their product design and development needs through the years.” , Kablooe ...
(Date:5/19/2016)... There is no saying when ... relentless pressures in pricing and lack in consumer confidence. ... though - numerous opportunities are up for grabs but ... presents four names in this sector: Portola Pharmaceuticals Inc. ... VTAE ), Anthera Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: ...
(Date:5/18/2016)... COLUMBIA, Md. (PRWEB) , ... May 18, 2016 ... ... new Shimadzu Pharmaceutical Sciences Summer Camp at The University of Toledo. This two-day ... school students an opportunity to explore the field of pharmaceutical sciences in preparation ...
Breaking Biology Technology: