Navigation Links
Revolutionary surgical technique for perforations of the eardrum
Date:1/16/2012

This release is available in French.

A revolutionary surgical technique for treating perforations of the tympanic membrane (eardrum) in children and adults has been developed at the Sainte-Justine University Hospital Centre, an affiliate of the Universit de Montreal, by Dr. Issam Saliba. The new technique, which is as effective as traditional surgery and far less expensive, can be performed in 20 minutes at an outpatient clinic during a routine visit to an ENT specialist. The result is a therapeutic treatment that will be much easier for patients and parents, making surgery more readily available and substantially reducing clogged waiting lists.

"In the past five years, I've operated on 132 young patients in the outpatient clinic at the Sainte-Justine UHC using this technique, as well as on 286 adults at the University of Montreal Hospital Centre (CHUM) outpatient clinic," says Dr. Saliba. "Regardless of the size of the perforation, the results are as good as those obtained using traditional techniques, with the incomparable advantage that patients don't have to lose an entire working day, or 10 days or more off school in the case of children."

The technique, which Dr. Saliba has designated "HAFGM" (Hyaluronic Acid Fat Graft Myringoplasty), requires only basic materials: a scalpel, forceps, a probe, a small container of hyaluronic acid, a small amount of fat taken from behind the ear and a local anesthetic. The operation, which is performed through the ear canal, allows the body by itself to rebuild the entire tympanic membrane after about two months on average, allowing patients to recover their hearing completely and preventing recurring cases of ear infection (otitis). Because it requires no general anesthetic, operating theatre or hospitalization, the technique makes surgery much more readily available, particularly outside large hospital centres, and at considerably lower cost.

"With the traditional techniques, you have to be on the waiting list for up to a year and a half in order to be operated on. Myringoplasty (reconstruction of the eardrum) using the HAFGM technique reduces waiting times, cost of the procedure and time lost by parents and children. What's more, it will help clear the backlogs on waiting lists," Dr. Saliba says.

Perforations of the eardrum

Myringoplasty is surgical procedures to repair the tympanic membrane or eardrum when it has been perforated or punctured as the result of infection, trauma or dislodgement of a myringotomy tube (also known as a pressure equalization tube). Surgical repair of the perforation will allow the patient to recover his or her hearing and prevent repeated ear infections, particularly after swimming or shower. Traditionally, these procedures are performed using what are known as lateral and medial techniques, which require hospitalization for at least one day, and 10 to 15 days off work. Every year in Quebec, some 750 myringoplasties are performed on adult or child patients.

Details of the study

This world premiere of a new form of eardrum surgery is based on results of a four-year prospective cohort study of 208 children and adolescents, 73 of whom were treated using the new HAFGM technique. This study was published on December 16, 2011 in the scientific journal Archives of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery by Dr. Issam Saliba, otolaryngologist (ear, nose and throat or ENT specialist), surgeon and researcher at the Sainte-Justine University Hospital Centre affiliated with the Universit de Montral, where he is also professor of otology and neuro-otology. Dr. Saliba is also a surgeon and researcher at the CHUM, where he conducted a similar study, applying the same HAFGM technique to cohorts of adult patients between 2007 and 2010, with publication in the August 20, 2008 issue of the scientific journal Clinical Otolaryngology and subsequently in the February 12, 2011 issue of The Laryngoscope. The University of Montreal and Sainte-Justine University Hospital Centre are known officially as Universit de Montral and Centre hospitalier universitaire Sainte-Justine, respectively.


'/>"/>

Contact: William Raillant-Clark
w.raillant-clark@umontreal.ca
514-343-7593
University of Montreal
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Singapore-US scientists first to develop revolutionary microchip that uses 30 times less energy
2. Clemson chemists present revolutionary teaching concepts
3. A revolutionary new model for Alzheimers disease
4. New advance in revolutionary bullet fingerprinting technique
5. Revolutionary drug could be new hope for adrenal cancer patients
6. AFOSRs basic research may lead to revolutionary new devices
7. Revolutionary water treatment units on their way to Afghanistan
8. Cameras of the future: heart researchers create revolutionary photographic technique
9. A revolutionary breakthrough in terahertz remote sensing
10. Researcher finds revolutionary way to treat eye cancer
11. SomaLogic researchers describe revolutionary new approach to protein analysis and application to early diagnosis of lung cancer
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:11/14/2016)... SANTA CLARA, Calif. , Nov. 14, ... of the biometric identification market, Frost & ... Global Frost & Sullivan Award for Visionary ... leading player in the biometric identification market ... a multi-modal verification solution for instant, seamless, ...
(Date:6/22/2016)... 2016  The American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics ... as one of the fastest-growing trade shows during the ... Bellagio in Las Vegas . ... growth in each of the following categories: net square feet ... of attendees. The 2015 ACMG Annual Meeting was ranked 23 ...
(Date:6/22/2016)... On Monday, the Department of Homeland Security ... solutions for the Biometric Exit Program. The Request for ... (CBP), explains that CBP intends to add biometrics to ... United States , in order to deter visa ... Logo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160622/382209LOGO ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:12/2/2016)... , December 2, 2016 The immunohistochemistry ... growing at a CAGR of 7.3% during the forecast period of ... and diagnostic laboratories segment accounted for the largest share of immunohistochemistry ... ... on global immunohistochemistry (IHC) market spread across 225 pages, profiling 10 ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... ... November 30, 2016 , ... ... magnet Voice Coil Actuator with a flexure design that ensures high alignment accuracy ... cost-effective pricing and is ideally suited where extreme precision is required, such as ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... November 30, 2016 The global ... players hold a dominant share in the overall market. ... International, Inc., and Merck KGaA, held a lion,s share ... Market Research observes that these companies are expected to ... products that are do not require rabbit pyrogen testing ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... Biotest Pharmaceuticals Corporation (BPC), a leading manufacturer ... addition of its newest plasma collection center located at ... The 15,200 square foot state-of-the-art facility officially opened its ... the total number of BPC,s plasma collection centers to ... Chief Executive Officer said "We are pleased to become ...
Breaking Biology Technology: