Navigation Links
Resveratrol, found in red wine, worsens MS-like symptoms and neuropathology in mice
Date:9/30/2013

Philadelphia, PA, October 1, 2013 -- Resveratrol, a naturally occurring polyphenol compound produced by the skin of red grapes and peanuts, and found in red wine, has been touted as a beneficial supplement due to its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. This has been supported by some experimental studies, whereas others suggest a lack of benefit. A new study using two multiple sclerosis (MS) models published in The American Journal of Pathology has found that resveratrol actually worsened MS-like neuropathology and inflammation and had no neuroprotective effects.

"Resveratrol may have detrimental effects in some disease conditions and should be discouraged for supplemental use by MS patients pending further research," says lead investigator Ikuo Tsunoda, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor in the Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Center for Molecular & Tumor Virology of the Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, LA.

Investigators (Fumitaka Sato, PhD, et al) tested resveratrol in autoimmune and viral models of MS. In the autoimmune model, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) was induced in 6-week-old mice using myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG)35-55 peptide. Mice were fed either a control diet or a diet containing resveratrol for 2 months or only during the early (days -1 to 8) or the late (days 14 to 23) phases of EAE. Around 12 days after MOG sensitization, all groups started to develop clinical signs, such as tail and hind limb paralysis, and the symptoms worsened and peaked by 3 weeks. After 5 weeks, mice fed the control diet showed either complete recovery or mild paralysis, but all three groups fed resveratrol exhibited severe and lasting EAE without remission.

Spinal cord neuropathology showed higher pathology scores in demyelination, meningitis, perivascular cuffing (inflammation), and overall pathology in mice that had been given resveratrol during the early phase compared with mice fed a control diet, whereas mice treated with resveratrol during the entire treatment period had significantly higher pathology scores in meningitis and overall pathology than controls. Groups did not differ in brain pathology scores.

Although it has been suggested that resveratrol has anti-inflammatory properties, in this study resveratrol did not suppress autoimmune responses as measured by levels of MOG35-55-specific lymphoproliferative responses and pro-inflammatory cytokine production.

To see whether resveratrol had anti-viral properties, as has been reported, 5-week-old mice were infected intracerebrally with the Daniels (DA) strain of Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus (TMEV) to induce TMEV-induced demyelinating disease (TMEV-IDD). The mice were fed either a control diet or one containing resveratrol from days 35 to 48 (the chronic phase). Similar to the findings from the EAE model, mice treated with resveratrol developed significantly more severe TMEV-IDD compared with the controls. Another study using the GDVII strain of TMEV to see whether resveratrol could suppress neurodegeneration caused by direct viral infection, not by immunopathology, found that resveratrol had no neuroprotective activity against the virus.

"Resveratrol did not show anti-viral effects in TMEV infection," says Dr. Tsunoda, although he notes that resveratrol has been shown by others to have anti-viral effects on some viruses related to MS, such as herpes simplex virus and Epstein-Barr virus.

To explain their findings, the authors suggest that resveratrol's vasodilating effects via endothelial cells might enhance infiltration of inflammatory cells into the central nervous system, which in turn might play a key role in the pathogenesis of MS.

The degree to which resveratrol exacerbated demyelination and inflammation surprised the research team. "Our findings illustrate that caution should be exercised for potential therapeutic application of resveratrol in human inflammatory demyelination diseases, including MS," says Dr. Tsunoda.


'/>"/>
Contact: Eileen Leahy
ajpmedia@elsevier.com
732-238-3628
Elsevier Health Sciences
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Prostate Cancer Foundation announces new urine test for prostate cancer available
2. New York Genome Center announces the New York Stem Cell Foundation as an Associate Member
3. MicroRNA molecule found to be a potent tumor-suppressor in lung cancer
4. Entomological Foundation announces 2013 Insect Science Award winners
5. Life found in the sediments of an Antarctic subglacial lake for the first time
6. Young adults with autism found to have difficulty transitioning into employment
7. Google, Intel founders support undersea research by UMass Amherst microbiologist
8. New patterns found in the genetic relationship of 5 major psychiatric disorders
9. International Rett Syndrome Foundation chief science officer receives prestigious military awards
10. $20,000 APS Foundation grant helps fund TGen2School education initiative
11. New species of Hero Shrew found in equatorial Africa
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:8/29/2019)... ... , ... Lajollacooks4u has expanded its team as it gears up for a ... seen record growth in 2019, having hosted a multitude of team-building events and cooking ... visited the company’s La Jolla-based venue, and Lajollacooks4u has worked hard to accommodate the ...
(Date:8/27/2019)... Fla. (PRWEB) , ... August 27, 2019 , ... ... in life science and drug development. This episode is scheduled to broadcast 4Q/2019. ... explore Debiopharm, a biopharmaceutical research, development, investment and manufacturing company. The show will ...
(Date:8/21/2019)... ... August 20, 2019 , ... Cutting Edge ... for the spine, today announced the 510(K) clearance of its novel SI joint ... is proven to improve osseointegration through superior hydrophilicity and optimized surface chemistry, as ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:9/4/2019)... , ... September 03, 2019 ... ... of advanced delivery technologies, development, and manufacturing solutions for drugs, biologics, gene ... Science & Technology will present at the upcoming Nordic Life Science Days ...
(Date:8/27/2019)... ... 27, 2019 , ... Dr. Kim Carlson is a veterinary surgeon practicing in ... Surgical Group , a new surgical practice in San Mateo. She is currently ... more veterinary specialists as the practice grows. , When asked about the opening of ...
(Date:8/15/2019)... (PRWEB) , ... August 15, 2019 , ... ... Scientific Advisory Board. Mr. Lawrence is a member of the Institute of Food ... Safety and Health (IFSH) Advisory Board, Joint Institute for Food Safety and Applied ...
(Date:8/6/2019)... ... August 06, 2019 , ... The San Diego Biotechnology ... the biweekly SDBN BUZZ podcast focused on connecting the region’s biotech community and ... to promote the region and attract external employers, investors, scientists, and others who ...
Breaking Biology Technology: