Navigation Links
Restoring paretic hand function via an artificial neural connection bridging spinal cord injury
Date:4/10/2013

Functional loss of limb control in individuals with spinal cord injury or stroke can be caused by interruption of the neural pathways between brain and spinal cord, although the neural circuits located above and below the lesion remain functional. An artificial neural connection that bridges the lost pathway and connects brain to spinal circuits has potential to ameliorate the functional loss. Yukio Nishimura, Associate Professor of the National Institute for Physiological Sciences, Japan, and Eberhard Fetz, Professor and Steve Perlmuter, Research Associate Professor at the University of Washington, United States investigated the effects of introducing a novel artificial neural connection which bridged a spinal cord lesion in a paretic monkey. This allowed the monkey to electrically stimulate the spinal cord through volitionally controlled brain activity and thereby to restore volitional control of the paretic hand. This study demonstrates that artificial neural connections can compensate for interrupted descending pathways and promote volitional control of upper limb movement after damage of neural pathways such as spinal cord injury or stroke. The study will be published online in Frontiers in Neural Circuits on April 11.

"The important point is that individuals who are paralyzed want to be able to move their own bodies by their own will. This study was different from what other research groups have done up to now; we didn't use any prosthetic limbs like robotic arms to replace the original arm. What's new is that we have been able to use this artificial neuronal connection bypassing the lesion site to restore volitional control of the subject's own paretic arm. I think that for lesions of the corticospinal pathway this might even have a better chance of becoming a real prosthetic treatment rather than the sort of robotic devices that have been developed recently", Associate professor Nishimura said.


'/>"/>

Contact: Dr. Yukio Nishimura
yukio@nips.ac.jp
81-564-557-766
National Institute for Physiological Sciences
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. Restoring streamside forests helps songbirds survive the winter in Californias Central Valley
2. Dysfunction in cerebellar Calcium channel causes motor disorders and epilepsy
3. Third-party blood stem cell transplantation as a factor to impact on poor graft function
4. Renewed Harvard-BASF initiative to advance functional materials
5. 1 region, 2 functions: Brain cells multitasking key to understanding overall brain function
6. Evaluating evolutionary rates could shed light into functions of uncharacterized genes
7. Mature T cells can switch function to better tackle infection
8. Scientists discover structure of protein essential for quality control, nerve function
9. Strength training improves vascular function in young black men
10. Cell Transplantation study investigates fate and function of cells transplanted to the CNS
11. Hass Avocado Board study published in Food & Function journal
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/28/2016)... , April 28, 2016 Infosys ... (NYSE: INFY ), and Samsung SDS, a global ... that will provide end customers with a more secure, fast ...      (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20130122/589162 ) , ... but it also plays a fundamental part in enabling and ...
(Date:4/26/2016)... LONDON , April 26, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... Systems, a product subsidiary of Infosys (NYSE: ... partnership to integrate the Onegini mobile security platform ... http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20151104/283829LOGO ) The integration ... security to access and transact across channels. Using ...
(Date:4/19/2016)... The new GEZE SecuLogic access ... "all-in-one" system solution for all door components. It can ... door interface with integration authorization management system, and thus ... minimal dimensions of the access control and the optimum ... offer considerable freedom of design with regard to the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/23/2016)... ... May 23, 2016 , ... ... Drive Precision Farming in 2017 and Beyond. The paper outlines the key trends ... precision ag industry. , “We’ve witnessed a lot of highs and lows as ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... and LONDON , May 23, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... See Frontage Boost Efficiency by 40% - Frontage Implement ... - Frontage Enforce Quality, Compliance and Traceability Within the Bioanalytical lab ... labs in the United States and ... to be deployed across its laboratory facilities. In addition to serving ...
(Date:5/22/2016)... ... 22, 2016 , ... Doctors in Rome say micronutrients found in certain foods ... Surviving Mesothelioma has just posted an article on the new research. Click here ... Clinical Sciences and Translational Medicine evaluated more than 150 studies on polyphenols in cancer ...
(Date:5/20/2016)... ... May 20, 2016 , ... Korean researchers say Manumycin A triggers apoptosis, or ... way to treat the disease. Surviving Mesothelioma has just posted an article on the ... Korean institutions based their mesothelioma study on the fact the Manumycin A, a derivative ...
Breaking Biology Technology: