Navigation Links
Researchers unveil new assessment for diagnosing malnutrition
Date:5/3/2012

A new systematic assessment of malnutrition, created by researchers at Penn State, will aid dietitians and other health care providers in diagnosis and treatment.

Up to 50 percent of patients in hospitals and nursing facilities are estimated to be malnourished, according to Gordon Jensen, professor and head of nutritional sciences, Penn State. Although malnutrition is widespread, confusion exists in the clinical community on how to best make this diagnose. Malnourished patients are frequently not identified as such, and those not affected are sometimes thought to be malnourished.

"Our systematic assessment is a new approach created for health care professionals to enable them to appropriately diagnosis and treat malnutrition in patients," said Jensen.

Supported by the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics and the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, the new approach to diagnosis describes syndromes of malnutrition in the context of starvation, chronic disease and/or acute disease or injury.

"While it may be obvious that a person suffering from starvation -- as a result of an eating disorder or depression, for example -- is malnourished, it may be less obvious that a person suffering from a chronic disease, such as diabetes or rheumatoid arthritis, or from an acute disease or injury, such as major trauma from an auto accident or a serious blood-borne infection, is malnourished," said Jensen.

According to Jensen, patients with chronic or acute disease or injury may suffer from malnutrition as a result of their bodies' natural and sometimes exaggerated inflammatory responses to disease or injury, which can trigger a loss of appetite, abnormal metabolism and muscle breakdown.

"Inflammation is an important underlying factor that increases risk for malnutrition," he said. "Those patients with chronic disease tend to have inflammation that is chronic and of mild to moderate degree, while those with acute disease or injury tend to have inflammation that is acute and of severe degree."

That is why, in addition to providing health care workers with instructions for determining if a patient is suffering from malnutrition in the context of starvation, chronic disease and/or acute disease or injury, the assessment also suggests that health care workers evaluate patients' inflammatory status. This new approach can help guide practitioners in discerning appropriate nutrition interventions and anticipated outcomes.

The assessment appears in the May issue of the Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition. A companion paper that more thoroughly describes the necessity for the new assessment is in the May issues of both the Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition and the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

"The new assessment is part of a national effort to educate and implement the use of a more systematic and thorough approach to diagnosing malnutrition," said Jensen. "Our hope is that it will help ensure high-quality, cost-effective care for people suffering from malnutrition."

The researchers look forward to testing the effectiveness of the new approach to assessment and diagnosis in health care systems throughout the United States.


'/>"/>
Contact: Sara LaJeunesse
SDL13@psu.edu
814-863-4325
Penn State
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Researchers show prebiotic can reduce severity of colitis
2. Game on! UCLA researchers use online crowd-sourcing to diagnose malaria
3. Americas clean energy policies need a reality check, say Stanford researchers
4. Researchers find potential dark side to diets high in beta-carotene
5. Researchers at Hebrew University identify genetic systems disrupted in autistic brain
6. Light weights are just as good for building muscle, getting stronger, researchers find
7. Researchers develop rapid test strips for bacterial contamination in swimming water
8. Researchers question pulling plug on pacifiers
9. UCSD researchers: Where international climate policy has failed, grassroots efforts can succeed
10. Researchers announce GenomeSpace environment to connect genomic tools
11. Evidence shows that anti-depressants likely do more harm than good, researchers find
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/26/2017)... DALLAS , Feb. 25, 2017  Securus ... justice technology solutions for public safety, investigation, corrections ... of Recidivism and Reentry. "Too often, ... State prisons and county jails are trying to ... of inmates and friends and family members. While significant ...
(Date:2/22/2017)... , Feb. 22, 2017 With ... 2021, ABI Research identifies four technologies that innovative ... to secure significant share in the changing competitive ... and passive authentication.   "Companies can ... comes to security," says Dimitrios Pavlakis , ...
(Date:2/21/2017)... , February 21, 2017 Der ... US-Dollar wachsen. Nach einem Gespräch mit mehr als 50 Vertretern ... Hindernisse zu überwinden gilt, um diese Prognose zu realisieren. ... ... die Mobilisierung der finanziellen Mittel für die Biobank, die ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:3/29/2017)... ... March 29, 2017 , ... Bactana Animal Health, a company developing natural ... supply through enhancement of the gut microbiota, today announced the closing of its first ... New York-based Sustainable Income Capital Management, LLC and a number of private investors. The ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... March 29, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -  GeneNews Limited (TSX:GEN) ("GeneNews" ... , a new risk stratification test for breast cancer, via ... Diagnostics Laboratory ("IDL"). BreastSentry incorporates a blood-based biomarker test with ... risk for developing breast cancer.   ... BreastSentry measures the fasting plasma ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... ... March 28, 2017 , ... ... replace paper-based processes and enhance training plan management for consistent implementation of standards ... partner with the SHL Group to help improve and streamline their training and ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... ... March 28, 2017 , ... Ecovia Renewables, Inc. ... Research (SBIR) grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF). Under the award ... a suite of BioGel™ biopolymer materials for hygiene applications, particularly for use in ...
Breaking Biology Technology: