Navigation Links
Researchers solve mammoth evolutionary puzzle: The woollies weren't picky, happy to interbreed
Date:5/30/2011

A DNA-based study sheds new light on the complex evolutionary history of the woolly mammoth, suggesting it mated with a completely different and much larger species.

The research, which appears in the BioMed Central's open access journal Genome Biology, found the woolly mammoth, which lived in the cold climate of the Arctic tundra, interbred with the Columbian mammoth, which preferred the more temperate regions of North America and was some 25 per cent larger.

"There is a real fascination with the history of mammoths, and this analysis helps to contextualize its evolution, migration and ecology" says Hendrik Poinar, associate professor and Canada Research Chair in the departments of Anthropology and Biology at McMaster University.

Poinar and his team at the McMaster Ancient DNA Centre, along with colleagues from the United States and France, meticulously sequenced the complete mitochondrial genome of two Columbian mammoths, one found in the Huntington Reservoir in Utah, the other found near Rawlins, Wyoming. They compared these to the first complete mitochrondrial genome of an endemic North American woolly mammoth.

"We are talking about two very physically different 'species' here. When glacial times got nasty, it was likely that woollies moved to more pleasant conditions of the south, where they came into contact with the Columbians at some point in their evolutionary history," he says. "You have roughly 1-million years of separation between the two, with the Columbian mammoth likely derived from an early migration into North American approximately 1.5-million years ago, and their woolly counterparts emigrating to North America some 400,000 years ago."

"We think we may be looking at a genetic hybrid," says Jacob Enk, a graduate student in the McMaster Ancient DNA Centre. "Living African elephant species hybridize where their ranges overlap, with the bigger species out-competing the smaller for mates. This results in mitochondrial genomes from the smaller species showing up in populations of the larger. Since woollies and Columbians overlapped in time and space, it's not unlikely that they engaged in similar behaviour and left a similar signal."

The samples used for the analyses date back approximately 12,000 years. All mammoths became extinct approximately 10,000 years ago except for small isolated populations on islands off the coast of Siberia and Alaska.


'/>"/>

Contact: Michelle Donovan
donovam@mcmaster.ca
905-525-9140
McMaster University
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. NC State researchers get to root of parasite genome
2. Researchers find animal with ability to survive climate change
3. Researchers find an essential gene for forming ears of corn
4. Researchers note differences between people and animals on calorie restriction
5. Researchers study acoustic communication in deep-sea fish
6. Researchers discover that growing up too fast may mean dying young in honey bees
7. Researchers study how pistachios may improve heart health
8. UI researchers find potentially toxic substance present in Chicago air
9. Researchers develop new self-training gene prediction program for fungi
10. Case Western Reserve University researchers track Chernobyl fallout
11. Childrens National researchers develop novel anti-tumor vaccine
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/20/2016)... Jan. 20, 2016   MedNet Solutions , an ... spectrum of clinical research, is pleased to announce the ... achievements are the result of the company,s laser focus ... eClinical , it,s comprehensive, easy-to-use and highly affordable ... --> Key MedNet growth achievements in 2015 include: ...
(Date:1/13/2016)... January 13, 2016 --> ... a new market report titled - Biometric Sensors Market - ... 2015 - 2023. According to the report, the global biometric sensors ... anticipated to reach US$1,625.8 mn by 2023, expanding at ... terms of volume, the biometric sensors market is expected ...
(Date:1/8/2016)... ANGELES and MANCHESTER, United Kingdom ... ("BBI"), a developer of innovative sensor-based diagnostic products, today announced ... financed by new and existing investors.  Proceeds from the financing ... SEM Scanner , a hand-held device for detecting early-stage pressure ... Ireland after receiving CE Mark approval. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/8/2016)... Inc. (NYSE: DPLO) announced today that its new website has gone live. On Thursday, Feb. 4, ... Visit the new site: www.diplomat.is ... ... ... "The goal was to reimagine the website and create a smarter, ...
(Date:2/6/2016)... ... ... The Center for Excellence in Education (CEE) will sponsor a Bite of Science ... 2016. This Bite of Science session, hosted by the Smithsonian-Mason School of Conservation, ... in Front Royal, VA from 5:00 p.m. to 8:00 p.m. The dinner is for ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ATCC, the premier global biological materials resource ... and life science researchers that are working to address ... CDC website . --> CDC ... a single-stranded RNA virus of the Flaviviridae family, genus ... Chikungunya Viruses. Zika virus is transmitted to humans primarily ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... 5, 2016 On Thursday, February 11, ... for community, health and disaster services, and the ... to enhance care coordination and service delivery for the ... need and to better connect service providers to the ... San Diego has handled more than ...
Breaking Biology Technology: