Navigation Links
Researchers shed new light on connection between brain and loneliness
Date:2/15/2009

Social isolation affects how people behave as well as how their brains operate, a study at the University of Chicago shows.

The research, presented Sunday at a symposium, "Social Emotion and the Brain," at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, is the first to use fMRI scans to study the connections between perceived social isolation (or loneliness) and activity in the brain. Combining fMRI scans with data relevant to social behavior is part of an emerging field examining brain mechanismsan approach to psychology being pioneered at the University of Chicago.

Researchers found that the ventral striatuma region of the brain associated with rewardsis much more activated in non-lonely people than in the lonely when they view pictures of people in pleasant settings. In contrast, the temporoparietal junctiona region associated with taking the perspective of another personis much less activated among lonely than in the non-lonely when viewing pictures of people in unpleasant settings.

"Given their feelings of social isolation, lonely individuals may be left to find relative comfort in nonsocial rewards," said John Cacioppo, the Tiffany and Margaret Blake Professor in Psychology at the University. He spoke at the briefing along with Jean Decety, the Irving B. Harris Professor in Psychology and Psychiatry at the University.

The ventral striatum, which is critical to learning, is a key portion of the brain and is activated through primary rewards such as food and secondary rewards such as money. Social rewards and feelings of love also may activate the region.

Cacioppo, one of the nation's leading scholars on loneliness, has shown that loneliness undermines health and can be as detrimental as smoking. About one in five Americans experience loneliness, he said. Decety is one of the nation's leading researchers to use fMRI scans to explore empathy.

They were among five co-authors of a paper, "In the Ey
'/>"/>

Contact: William Harms
w-harms@uchicago.edu
773-702-8356
University of Chicago
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Texas researchers provide emissions data for livestock industry
2. Biodiversity itself begets a species cascade, researchers say
3. NYU Langone Medical Center researchers find micro RNA plays a key role in melanoma metastasis
4. While focusing on heart disease, researchers discover new tactic against fatal muscular dystrophy
5. NSF-funded workshops help young researchers teach science
6. Researchers observe evolution chain reaction
7. Researchers examine role of climate change in disease spread
8. Mayo Clinic researchers suspect a novel gene is causing restless legs syndrome in a large family
9. Researchers disprove 15-year-old theory about the nervous system
10. Caltech researchers help unlock the secrets of gene regulatory networks
11. Researchers find pathway and enzyme unique to tularemia organism
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:9/16/2014)... impact that spelled doom for the dinosaurs 66 million ... to a much greater extent than their deciduous peers, ... results are published in the journal PLOS Biology ... trove of thousands of fossilized leaves of angiosperms ... able to reconstruct the ecology of a diverse plant ...
(Date:9/16/2014)... a new football season and another commercial cargo flight ... spacecraft is scheduled to blast off to the orbital ... company,s fourth contracted mission to the complex. , Included ... research investigations sponsored by the Center for the Advancement ... managing the U.S. National Laboratory on the space station, ...
(Date:9/16/2014)... Keystone XL pipeline (KXL) would likely increase oil sands ... surveyed by the non-profit organization Near Zero. The results ... Impact," and includes both supporters and opponents of the ... sands could lead to significantly higher greenhouse gas emissions, ... respond. , "This report examines three main scenarios ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Meteorite that doomed dinosaurs remade forests 2Meteorite that doomed dinosaurs remade forests 3Meteorite that doomed dinosaurs remade forests 4CASIS research set for launch aboard SpaceX mission to space station 2CASIS research set for launch aboard SpaceX mission to space station 3Keystone XL would likely raise oil sands production and greenhouse gas emissions 2
... has identified a genetic variant that substantially increases the ... populations. The study, published by Cell Press on August ... , associates a deletion on chromosome 3 with increased ... that affects 1% of the world population. Characterized by ...
... scientists have been able to measure the amount of water that ... result -- 285 billion metric tons, or 285 cubic kilometers of ... over half the volume of Lake Erie, which is the world,s ... of the water flowing through the Amazon River every year, and ...
... Swine Flu. Rabies. These are emerging infectious diseases where ... another and now infect humans. This is a phenomenon ... to determine what drives it. Gary McCracken, a ... head in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, is one of ...
Cached Biology News:Large risk schizophrenia marker revealed 2First satellite measurement of water volume in Amazon floodplain 2First satellite measurement of water volume in Amazon floodplain 3UT professor uncovers clues into how viruses jump from hosts 2
(Date:9/16/2014)... According to Jeff Howell, Partner of Nidea ... new development in Downtown Toronto is expanding at a ... 755 storeys of new development last week (including three ... dominating the Toronto skyline for the foreseeable future in ... for new development. , As the Toronto city council ...
(Date:9/15/2014)... 16, 2014 Cancer Immunotherapy ... Adoptive T-cell Therapies is a new market research ... the three principal types of therapeutics that have ... in cancer immunotherapy (which is often called "immuno-oncology") ... and Adoptive cellular immunotherapy. , The regular ...
(Date:9/15/2014)... fast when a patient has sepsis, a life-threatening condition ... blood -- often too fast for antibiotics to help. ... developed by a team at Harvard,s Wyss Institute for ... treat sepsis. , "Even with the best current ... at least 30 percent of the time," said Mike ...
(Date:9/15/2014)... , Sept. 15, 2014 Zymo ... viral transport solution for safe ambient temperature storage ... molecular testing. Importantly, the infectivity of agents in such ... maintaining the integrity of the viral nucleic acids ... the recent Ebola epidemic in West ...
Breaking Biology Technology:ITRA Global Reports Downtown Toronto Real Estate Development is in High Gear 2ITRA Global Reports Downtown Toronto Real Estate Development is in High Gear 3Cancer Immunotherapy Market: Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors, Cancer Vaccines, and Adoptive T-cell Therapies 2Cancer Immunotherapy Market: Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors, Cancer Vaccines, and Adoptive T-cell Therapies 3Cancer Immunotherapy Market: Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors, Cancer Vaccines, and Adoptive T-cell Therapies 4Cancer Immunotherapy Market: Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors, Cancer Vaccines, and Adoptive T-cell Therapies 5Blood-cleansing biospleen device developed for sepsis therapy 2Blood-cleansing biospleen device developed for sepsis therapy 3Blood-cleansing biospleen device developed for sepsis therapy 4Safe storage and transport of Ebola, Mers-CoV, and other viruses: Groundbreaking viral inactivation solution capable of preserving nucleic acids 2Safe storage and transport of Ebola, Mers-CoV, and other viruses: Groundbreaking viral inactivation solution capable of preserving nucleic acids 3
... 14 At the Board of Directors,meeting held ... of,$.115 per share. The dividend is payable on ... 31, 2007. About Sigma-Aldrich: Sigma-Aldrich is a ... and organic chemical products and kits,are used in ...
... Summertime equals fun for a lot of,folks. But ... typical,summer fare could also mean aggravating their sensitive ... IBS," has more on,what people with IBS can ... from,ruining their celebrations. Listen to this report ...
... 15 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/,-- Shire plc (LSE: SHP, NASDAQ: SHPGY, ... the waiting period under,Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of ... (human TGF BETA 3) from Renovo Group plc,(LSE: ... with its terms, the,License Agreement became effective on ...
Cached Biology Technology:Expiry of Hart-Scott-Rodino Waiting Period for JUVISTA(R) (Human TGF BETA 3) 2Expiry of Hart-Scott-Rodino Waiting Period for JUVISTA(R) (Human TGF BETA 3) 3
Spastin (Sp 3G11/1)...
mCD-1 10 transcription reactions...
... Rabbits x 2 , ... bleed x1 /each , Immunizations/Boost injections ... (app. 5 ml) x1 /each , ... /each , Final Bleed ~ 100 ml blood ...
Mouse VCAM-1/CD106 MAb (Clone 112702)...
Biology Products: