Navigation Links
Researchers 'see' structure of open nicotinic acetylcholine ion channels
Date:4/7/2008

nt through a single ion channel, an innovation that won them a Nobel Prize in 1991. Claudio Grosman, a professor of molecular and integrative physiology at Illinois, and Gisela D. Cymes, a postdoctoral associate in his lab, adopted this technique, and predicted that they could use it as a tool for what they call in vivo, time-resolved structural biology.

In a study published in 2005, the Grosman lab showed that ionizable amino acids (that is, those that may alternately be charged or neutral) can be engineered into the inner lining of the channel pore. These changes to the amino acid sequence alter the current, revealing the structure of the open-channel conformation in unprecedented detail.

As the ionizable amino acids bind and release protons from the watery environment, the pore gains or loses a positive charge that interferes with the normal flow of cations through the channel, Grosman said.

After analyzing the data, Grosmans team demonstrated that the discrete changes in current reflect the position of each mutated amino acid in the channel and the extent to which water molecules penetrate the membrane protein.

This approach allowed Grosmans team to map the relative position of every amino acid that formed the ion channel.

The new study extends this work to more distant portions of the protein.

After comparing these findings to direct studies of the structure of the closed channel, Grosman concluded that the conformational changes that allow the channel to open are quite subtle. The five subunits that make up the protein channel do not rotate or pivot dramatically when opening the gate.

There are many good reasons why I think a subtle conformational change is advantageous from an evolutionary point of view, Grosman said.

Muscle nicotinic receptors must respond to acetylcholine with staggering speed, opening within microseconds of their exposure to the neurotransmitter.

These ion cha
'/>"/>

Contact: Diana Yates
diya@uiuc.edu
217-333-5802
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Researchers identify proteins involved in new neurodegenerative syndrome
2. Texas researchers and educators head for Antarctica
3. MGH researchers describe new way to identify, evolve novel enzymes
4. University of Pennsylvania researchers develop formula to gauge risk of disease clusters
5. U of MN researchers discover noninvasive diagnostic tool for brain diseases
6. U of Minnesota researchers discover noninvasive diagnostic tool for brain diseases
7. Researchers discover new strategies for antibiotic resistance
8. Researchers find new taste in fruit flies: carbonated water
9. Binghamton University researchers investigate evolving malaria resistance
10. UIC researchers find promising new targets for antibiotics
11. Researchers develop simple method to create natural drug products
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Researchers 'see' structure of open nicotinic acetylcholine ion channels
(Date:7/31/2015)... 2015 BGI llevará a cabo la 10ª Conferencia ... 25 de octubre de 2015, en Shenzhen, ... décimo aniversario este año. Desde su inauguración en 2006, ... anuales más influyentes del mundo en los campos de ... más dinámicas, entusiastas y amenas. ICG-10 se ...
(Date:7/31/2015)... NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ) ("NXT-ID" or ... growing mobile commerce market and creator of the Wocket® ... 62/198989 for ELECTRONIC CRYPTO-CURRENCY MANAGEMENT METHOD AND ... advance crypto-currencies such as Bitcoin into the consumer market ... to manage all payments.  The technology ...
(Date:7/23/2015)... BEDFORD, Mass., July 23, 2015 Aware, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... services, today reported financial results for its second quarter ended ... quarter of 2015 was $4.5 million, a decrease of 33% ...  Net income in the second quarter of 2015 was $0.3 ... million, or $0.04 per diluted share, in the same period ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):La 10ª Conferencia Internacional sobre Genómica (ICG-10) comienza en octubre 2La 10ª Conferencia Internacional sobre Genómica (ICG-10) comienza en octubre 3NXT-ID Patents Electronic Crypto-Currency Management Technology 2NXT-ID Patents Electronic Crypto-Currency Management Technology 3NXT-ID Patents Electronic Crypto-Currency Management Technology 4Aware, Inc. Reports Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results 2Aware, Inc. Reports Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results 3Aware, Inc. Reports Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results 4Aware, Inc. Reports Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results 5Aware, Inc. Reports Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results 6
... scientists have described not only the identities and quantities of ... case, a mouse macrophage or white blood cell but ... time to a bacterial stimulus triggering the cell,s immune response. ... Journal of Biological Chemistry , lead author Edward A. Dennis, ...
... problem of toxic lead in used consumer products is extremely ... limits, researchers conclude in a new study. Research reported ... were present in cartoon character drinking glasses. Now a new ... throughout the United States such as toys, home dcor ...
... too short, then you,re not alone. A team of scientists from Texas ... long life and they made important discoveries that bring longer life spans ... of The FASEB Journal ( http://www.fasebj.org ), describes how scientists ... the process discovered a new metabolic state correlating with long life. ...
Cached Biology News:Researchers describe first functioning 'lipidome' of mouse macrophage 2Researchers describe first functioning 'lipidome' of mouse macrophage 3Buyer beware: Dangerous levels of lead found in used consumer products 2Buyer beware: Dangerous levels of lead found in used consumer products 3Longevity breakthrough: The metabolic state of mitochondria controls life span 2
(Date:7/30/2015)... 2015   GenoSpace , a leading provider ... analysis of genomic and other biomedical data, today ... the company as Vice President of Sales and ... "GenoSpace partners with its customers ... and explore complex sets of genomic, phenotypic and ...
(Date:7/30/2015)... Washington , July 30, 2015 ... Market, by Product (Software, Molecular Modeling, PB/PK, PKPD, Trial ... Discovery & Development, Preclinical, Clinical Trial), by End Users ... Biosimulation Market is expected to reach USD 2,107.99 million ... a CAGR of 15.29%. Browse more ...
(Date:7/30/2015)...   Senomyx , Inc. (NASDAQ: SNMX ), ... discover, develop, and commercialize novel flavor ingredients for the ... results for the second quarter 2015. ... on track to achieve our commercial and financial goals," ... the Company. "Since our last quarterly earnings report, our ...
(Date:7/30/2015)... -- HIGHLIGHTS:Q2 2015 Results (all changes are ... sales were $697 million compared to $701 million in ... 8%, and changes in foreign currency exchange rates decreased ... , By business unit, organic sales growth was ... SAFC Commercial. , Reported diluted EPS was $0.98 ...
Breaking Biology Technology:GenoSpace Introduces Matthew Fischer as Vice President of Sales and Marketing 2Biosimulation Market Worth 2,107.99 Million USD by 2020 2Biosimulation Market Worth 2,107.99 Million USD by 2020 3Biosimulation Market Worth 2,107.99 Million USD by 2020 4SENOMYX ANNOUNCES SECOND QUARTER 2015 FINANCIAL RESULTS 2SENOMYX ANNOUNCES SECOND QUARTER 2015 FINANCIAL RESULTS 3SENOMYX ANNOUNCES SECOND QUARTER 2015 FINANCIAL RESULTS 4SENOMYX ANNOUNCES SECOND QUARTER 2015 FINANCIAL RESULTS 5SENOMYX ANNOUNCES SECOND QUARTER 2015 FINANCIAL RESULTS 6SENOMYX ANNOUNCES SECOND QUARTER 2015 FINANCIAL RESULTS 7SENOMYX ANNOUNCES SECOND QUARTER 2015 FINANCIAL RESULTS 8SENOMYX ANNOUNCES SECOND QUARTER 2015 FINANCIAL RESULTS 9Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 2Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 3Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 4Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 5Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 6Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 7Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 8Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 9Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 10Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 11Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 12Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 13Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 14Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 15Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 16Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 17Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 18Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 19Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 20
... , CALGARY, June 5 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ - SemBioSys Genetics Inc. ... oils in plant seeds, today announced that it will ... with its biosimilar human insulin in a late-breaking scientific ... Sessions in New Orleans. The poster presentation will take ...
... Poniard Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Nasdaq: PARD ), a ... that Jerry McMahon, Ph.D., chairman and chief executive officer, ... Needham Life Sciences Conference on Wednesday, June 10 at ... , , Dr. McMahon,s corporate presentation will include ...
... Investment Positions Optimal for Expansion in Medical Imaging Management ... , BIRMINGHAM, Ala., June 4 Optimal Reading ... imaging optimization services for hospitals, imaging centers and radiology ... Fund has made a substantial investment in Optimal. The ...
Cached Biology Technology:Data for SemBioSys' insulin to be presented at the American Diabetes Association's 69th Scientific Sessions 2Data for SemBioSys' insulin to be presented at the American Diabetes Association's 69th Scientific Sessions 3Poniard Pharmaceuticals to Present at the 8th Annual Needham Life Sciences Conference 2Optimal Reading Services Group, Inc. Receives Investment from Health Evolution Partners 2Optimal Reading Services Group, Inc. Receives Investment from Health Evolution Partners 3
Rabbit polyclonal to MAL ( Abpromise for all tested applications). entrezGeneID: 4118 SwissProtID: P21145...
Glutamate Receptor 5/1a...
Mouse monoclonal [3G8] to MDMA ( Abpromise for all tested applications)....
Fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) mouse anti-human IFN-alpha2 50 ug...
Biology Products: