Navigation Links
Researchers reveal a new pathway through the sodium pump
Date:3/31/2014

A study in The Journal of General Physiology provides new evidence that the ubiquitous sodium pump is more complexand more versatilethan we thought.

The sodium pump is present in the surface membrane of all animal cells, using energy derived from ATP to transport sodium and potassium ions in opposite directions across the cell boundary. By setting up transmembrane gradients of these two ions, the pump plays a vital role in many important processes, including nerve impulses, heartbeats, and muscular contraction.

Now, Rockefeller University researchers Natascia Vedovato and David Gadsby demonstrate that, in addition to its role as a sodium and potassium ion transporter, the pump can simultaneously import protons into the cell. Their study not only provides evidence of "hybrid" function by the pump, it also raises important questions about whether the inflow of protons through sodium pumps might play a role in certain pathologies.

The sodium pump exports three sodium ions out of the cell and imports two potassium ions into the cell during each transport cycle. Vedovato and Gadsby show that, during this normal cycle, the pump develops a passageway that enables protons to cross the membrane. When the pump releases the first of the three sodium ions to the cell exterior, a newly emptied binding site becomes available for use by an external proton, allowing it to then make its way into the cytoplasm. The protons travel a distinct route, and proton inflow is not required for successful transport of sodium and potassium.

Import of protons is high when their extracellular concentration is high (pH is low) and membrane potential is negative. The authors therefore speculate that proton inflow might have important implications under conditions in which extracellular pH is lowered, such as in muscle during heavy exercise, in the heart during a heart attack, or in the brain during a stroke.


'/>"/>

Contact: Rita Sullivan King
news@rupress.org
212-327-8603
Rockefeller University Press
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Researchers uncover secrets of a mollusks unique bioceramic armor
2. Scripps Florida scientists offer best practices nutrition measurement for researchers
3. Researchers identify new protein markers that may improve understanding of heart disease
4. Two researchers known for identifying and treating bubble boy disease honored by March of Dimes
5. Researchers at IRB discover a key regulator of colon cancer
6. Researchers reveal the dynamics behind Arctic ecosystems
7. IRCM researchers uncover a new function for an important player in the immune response
8. UGA researchers explore function of cancer-causing gene
9. Researchers present comprehensive roadmap of blood cells
10. UT Southwestern ob/gyn researchers studying genetic factors in premature births
11. Researchers issue state-of-the-state on genetic-based testing & treatment for breast cancer
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Researchers reveal a new pathway through the sodium pump
(Date:1/22/2016)... , January 22, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... announced the addition of the  "Global ... their offering. --> http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/4lmf2s/global_behavioral ... the  "Global Behavioral Biometric Market 2016-2020" ... Research and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/4lmf2s/global_behavioral ) ...
(Date:1/20/2016)... Jan. 20, 2016  Synaptics Incorporated (NASDAQ: ... solutions, today announced sampling of S1423, its newest ... and small screen applications including smartwatches, fitness trackers, ... round and rectangular shapes, as well as thick ... with moisture on screen, while wearing gloves, and ...
(Date:1/11/2016)... 2016 Synaptics Incorporated (NASDAQ: SYNA ), ... that its ClearPad ® TouchView ™ 4300 ... separate categories in the 8 th Annual Mobile ... Breakthrough. The Synaptics ® TDDI solution enables faster ... thinner devices, brighter displays and borderless designs. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/11/2016)... February 11, 2016 ... or "Company") (OTCQB: PSID), a life sciences company ... its Thermomedics subsidiary, which markets the Caregiver® FDA-cleared ... plan in January 2016, including entering into agreements ... monthly sales growth, and establishing several near-term pipeline ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... Febr. 10, 2016 /PRNewswire/ - BioAmber Inc. (NYSE: BIOA ... announce that Mitsui & Co. Ltd., its partner in ... plant, is investing an additional CDN$25 million in the ... stake from 30% to 40%.  Mitsui will also play ... produced in Sarnia , providing dedicated ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... York (PRWEB) , ... February ... ... (NASDAQ: REGN) today announced that it has joined the Human Vaccines Project, ... for infectious diseases and cancer. , The Human Vaccines Project brings ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... 2016 , ... HOLLOWAY AMERICA, a leading custom stainless steel ... Chapter 21st Annual Vendor Exhibition on Thursday, February 18, 2016. The Rocky Mountain ... annual event, which will run from 3:00 p.m. - 8:30 p.m. at The ...
Breaking Biology Technology: