Navigation Links
Researchers question pulling plug on pacifiers
Date:4/29/2012

BOSTON Binkies, corks, soothers. Whatever you call pacifiers, conventional wisdom holds that giving them to newborns can interfere with breastfeeding.

New research, however, challenges that assertion. In fact, limiting the use of pacifiers in newborn nurseries may actually increase infants' consumption of formula during the birth hospitalization, according to a study to be presented Monday, April 30, at the Pediatric Academic Societies (PAS) annual meeting in Boston.

Studies have shown that breastfed infants have fewer illnesses such as ear infections and diarrhea as well as a reduced risk of certain cancers, obesity and asthma. Moms benefit, too, from more rapid loss of pregnancy-associated weight gain, reduced risks of certain cancers and improved cardiovascular health. Based on that evidence, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life.

To encourage exclusive breastfeeding, the World Health Organization and United Nations Children's Fund recommend that hospitals caring for newborns follow Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding. One of the steps states that artificial teats or pacifiers should not be provided to breastfeeding babies. Medical centers that follow the 10 steps can be recognized as Baby-Friendly Hospitals.

In their study, Laura Kair, MD, and Carrie Phillipi, MD, PhD, from Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU), sought to determine if eliminating routine pacifier distribution on the hospital's mother-baby unit increased the rate of exclusive breastfeeding.

OHSU, which has been working to become a Baby-Friendly Hospital, implemented a policy in December 2010 restricting nurses from routinely giving pacifiers to breastfed newborns. The pacifiers were locked up and nurses had to enter a code and a patient's name in order to access them for special circumstances (e.g., to help soothe infants undergoing painful procedures).

Drs. Kair and Phillipi analyzed feeding data on 2,249 infants born between June 2010 and August 2011. Results showed that the rate of exclusive breastfeeding on the mother-baby unit decreased significantly after pacifiers were restricted from 79 percent of infants in July to November 2010 to 68 percent in January to August 2011.

In addition, the proportion of breastfed infants receiving supplemental formula increased from 18 percent before the policy was changed to 28 percent afterward. The percentage of infants fed only formula remained statistically unchanged during the study period.

"There is a great deal of energy nationally as well as internationally in support of increasing the number of Baby-Friendly Hospitals," said Dr. Kair, pediatric resident at OHSU Doernbecher Children's Hospital. "Taken together, the 10 steps improve exclusive breastfeeding rates in the hospital. However, the effect of pacifier use on initiation and duration of exclusive breastfeeding has not been well-established in the medical literature.

"Our goal with publicizing this data is to stimulate conversation and scientific inquiry about whether there is sufficient evidence to support the universal recommendation of not offering pacifiers to breastfeeding infants in the first few days to weeks of life," Dr. Kair added. "This subject poses an additional dilemma for parents and pediatric providers as pacifier use is associated with a decreased risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), and the AAP recommends using a pacifier for sleep after breastfeeding is established."


'/>"/>
Contact: Susan Stevens Martin
ssmartin@aap.org
847-434-7131
American Academy of Pediatrics
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. UCSD researchers: Where international climate policy has failed, grassroots efforts can succeed
2. Researchers announce GenomeSpace environment to connect genomic tools
3. Evidence shows that anti-depressants likely do more harm than good, researchers find
4. Johns Hopkins researchers uncover genes at fault for cystic fibrosis-related intestinal obstruction
5. Researchers find mechanism that gives plants balance
6. Climate change may create price volatility in the corn market, say Stanford and Purdue researchers
7. NCEAS researchers offer new ecological model for deep-water oil spills
8. Southampton researchers lead 2 international projects to help people out of poverty
9. Researchers across North America team up to find genetic markers for autism
10. UCSB researchers discover particularly dangerous Salmonella
11. Researchers discover non-surgical test for brain cancer
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/21/2016)... 2016 NuData Security announced today that Randy ... principal product architect and that Jon Cunningham ... development. Both will report directly to Christopher ... reflect NuData,s strategic growth in its product and ... demand and customer focus values. ...
(Date:6/16/2016)... , June 16, 2016 ... is expected to reach USD 1.83 billion by ... View Research, Inc. Technological proliferation and increasing demand ... are expected to drive the market growth. ... The development of advanced multimodal techniques ...
(Date:6/9/2016)... innovation leader in attendance control systems is proud to announce the introduction of fingerprint ... sure the right employees are actually signing in, and to even control the opening ... ... ... Photo ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 01, 2016 , ... ... for North American hospitals, will present its chain-of-custody solution for tracking and securing ... Las Vegas, Nev., Dec. 4-8, 2016. , Aerocom has a proven solution for ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... IL (PRWEB) , ... December 01, 2016 , ... ... to congratulate long-term client Nanowear on their recent FDA Class II 510(k) clearance ... cleared a significant hurdle in commercializing remote cardiac monitoring devices that rely on ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... The immunohistochemistry (IHC) market is projected to reach ... during the forecast period of 2016 to 2021 dominated by immunohistochemistry ... the largest share of immunohistochemistry (IHC) market, by end user.   ... , , ... across 225 pages, profiling 10 companies and supported with 181 tables ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... ALBANY, New York , November 30, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... exceptionally consolidated as a few players hold a dominant ... Lonza Group, Charles River Laboratories International, Inc., and Merck ... global market in 2015. Transparency Market Research observes that ... they are focused on development products that are do ...
Breaking Biology Technology: